What to Explore When Visiting Rome, Italy

Rome is the capital of Italy,its 3,000 years old and rich of art, architecture , culture, and ancient ruins such as the Roman Forum and the Colosseum. Not forgetting the Vatican City, it's the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.

Now that we know a little bet about Rome, lets present few of it's attraction, so when you decide to go there, you will have a good Idea where to start.

The Colosseum

Located just east of the Roman Forum, the massive stone amphitheater known as the Colosseum was commissioned around A.D. 70-72 by Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the Roman people. In A.D. 80, Vespasian’s son Titus opened the Colosseum–officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater–with 100 days of games, including gladiatorial combats and wild animal fights. After four centuries of active use, the magnificent arena fell into neglect, and up until the 18th century it was used as a source of building materials. Though two-thirds of the original Colosseum has been destroyed over time, the amphitheater remains a popular tourist destination, as well as an iconic symbol of Rome and its long, tumultuous history.


Even after the decadent Roman emperor Nero took his own life in A.D. 68, his misrule and excesses fueled a series of civil wars. No fewer than four emperors took the throne in the tumultuous year after Nero’s death; the fourth, Vespasian, would end up ruling for 10 years (A.D. 69-79). The Flavian emperors, as Vespasian and his sons Titus (79-81) and Domitian (81-96) were known, attempted to tone down the excesses of the Roman court, restore Senate authority and promote public welfare. Around 70-72, Vespasian returned to the Roman people the lush land near the center of the city, where Nero had built an enormous palace for himself after a great fire ripped through Rome in A.D. 64. On the site of that Golden Palace, he decreed, would be built a new amphitheater where the public could enjoy gladiatorial combats and other forms of entertainment.


The Roman Pantheon

It is the most preserved and influential building of ancient Rome. It is a Roman temple dedicated to all the gods of pagan Rome. As the brick stamps on the side of the building reveal it was built and dedicated to the worship of every god (Pan-every Theon-divinity), the Pantheon was built by the Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 125 A.D. over the ruins of another temple dating back to 27 A.D. Statesman and General Marcus Agrippa was responsible for the construction of the original church, to whom a dedicatory inscription is clearly visible over today’s magnificent portico.

In 609, it was converted into a Christian Church by Pope Boniface IV and consecrated to Santa Maria of the Martyrs.
Turned into a memorial chapel for the kingsof Italy in 1870, the tombs of Vittorio Emanuele II, Umberto I and Margherita of Savoy are to be found here together with that of the celebrated Renaissance Artist Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, who is more often referred to as simply Raphael.

The Roman Pantheon

The Trevi Fountain

It is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and the most beautiful in the world. A traditional legend holds that if visitors throw a coin into the fountain, they are ensured a return to Rome.The fountain is worldwide famous but many people do not know the history and the secrets hidden behind its construction. It is time to do justice to this extraordinary masterpiece of Italian art.

You will not find any other place in the world that celebrates the ever-mutating and incredible power of water like Rome. The Trevi Fountain is a fantastic work of art that is much more than a mere sculpture. This triumphant example of Baroque art with its soft, natural lines and fantasy creatures embodies movement as the soul of the world. The fountain is a true wonder, a jewel of water and stone that is nestled between the palaces of the historic center of the city.

The Trevi Fountain

Roman Forum

It is the main forum in Rome, the biggest and the most important of the Roman fora. People first began meeting in this forum around 500 BC, at the time of the founding of the Roman Republic. Little by little, rich men added temples, statues, triumphal arches, and basilicas to the forum, until by the time of Julius Caesar the forum was very crowded.

The Roman Forum is situated in the area between Piazza Venezia and the Colosseum is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. Three thousand years ago, this valley between Campidoglio and the Quirinal, which was to become the future social and political centre of one of the greatest empires of ancient times, was submerged in marshland.

Roman Forum

The Vatican Museums

It contains masterpieces of painting, sculpture and other works of art collected by the popes through the centuries. The Museums include several monumental works of art, such as the Sistine Chapel, the Chapel of Beato Angelico, the Raphael Rooms and Loggia and the Borgia Apartment.

The Vatican Museums is one of the most important Museum complexes in the world housing very important masterpieces from the Egyptian Age to late Renaissance.

The museums are composed of several sections:

- the Gregorian Etruscan Museum
- the Pinacoteca
- the Missionary-Ethnological Museum
- the Raphael Stanze
- the Sistine Chapel.

The Vatican Museums

St. Peter's Basilica

Is is the world's largest church, and center of Christianity. It was built over a span of more than one hundred years by the greatest Italian architects of their time.The church is built on Vatican Hill, because the location is highly symbolic, it stands on the traditional site where Peter - the apostle who is considered the first pope - was crucified and buried, so they build the principal shrine of the Catholic church at this location. St. Peter's tomb is under the main altar and many other popes are buried in the basilica as well. Originally founded by Constantine in 324, St. Peter's Basilica was rebuilt in the 16th century by Renaissance masters including Bramante, Michelangelo and Bernini.

St. Peter's Basilica

Galleria Borghese

If you have a choice of visiting one Art Gallery , this would be the one, it contains the queen of all private art collections, you will impressed of the paintings by Caravaggio, Raphael, and Titian, also some sensational sculptures by Bernini.

The person responsible for this great collection is the Cardinal Scipione Borghese.Immersed in the lush greenery of Villa Borghese, just a few meters from one of the parts of Rome richest in monuments, is the Borghese Gallery, the largest private collection of art in the world. It’s almost impossible to imagine so many works concentrated in one single place: once inside you’re literally surrounded by splendid masterpieces, works of the most celebrated artists in history.

Galleria Borghese

Castle St. Angelo

This castle was built in the second century as a mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian for himself and his family. it has also been a prison and a papal residence. It was used by former Popes who went there for protection in times of danger. it is a towering cylindrical building located in Parco Adriano.

At present, its charming and complex structure is due mainly to the presence of different architectural strata. This is evidence of the sedimentation of historical periods and thus of the prime role often played by this monument throughout history. The origin of this monument goes far back in time and its original function was completely different to that of today.

Castle St. Angelo

Aventine Hill

It is one of the Seven Hills on which ancient Rome was built. It belongs to Ripa, the twelfth rione, or ward, of Rome. The Aventino is ringed with very important churches, monasteries, and the most important is the Knights of Malta keyhole in Piazza dei Cavalieri di Malta.

Aventine Hill

Hope you enjoyed the brief virtual adventure through Rome, just save money, plan you vacation, and have the right company with you for once in a life time adventure in Rome , Italy.

Rome, Italy

When are you planning your next visit to Rome, Italy?

  • never
  • In the next 6 months
  • In the next year
See results without voting

More by this Author


No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    love2travel2000 profile image

    love2travel20002 Followers
    7 Articles

    My passion is travelling, I will write about anything in life, like adventure, personal experiences, and cooking.

    Click to Rate This Article