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Your Guide to Abha Saudi Arabia


As an engineer, Mazlan had the opportunity to travel and work abroad. He has traveled to over 30 countries.

Abha, City in the Sky

Many imagine Saudi Arabia as a desert country with extreme temperatures throughout the year. Fortunately, it is not. In fact, they have mild and pleasant winter but summer can be very hot. There are also places in Saudi Arabia that enjoyed mild weather throughout the year. One such place is Abha. Let me introduce and guide you through Abha, Saudi Arabia's city in the sky.

Abha, Saudi Arabia's City in the Sky

Abha, Saudi Arabia's City in the Sky

Abha's Weather

Abha is about 1.4 miles above sea level and enjoys a mild climate throughout the year with an average temperature of 70°F (21°C) in the summer and 60°F (15°C) in the winter. The city seldom experiences temperature exceeding 95°F (35°C) which makes it a popular holiday destination for expatriates working in Saudi Arabia as well as for the Saudis.

If you travel deep into the desert country, the night temperature can drop to below 14°F (-10°C). There were occasions where it snowed in Abha.

Unlike other parts of the country, Abha and the surrounding area are subject to rain, which explains why agriculture is a big industry.

Best Time to Visit Abha

You can visit Abha all year round as the weather is always pleasant. But April, August, and November are the not-so-hot or cold months.

Where is Abha?

Abha is in the southern part of Saudi Arabia in the province of Asir and is the capital city of the Asir province.

Abha Saudi Arabia Map

Al Sawda peak at Asir mountain near Abha

Al Sawda peak at Asir mountain near Abha

Top Sights in Abha

One of Abha's key attractions is its innovative and unique architecture, probably due to its environmental and topographical conditions. Its relative remoteness and isolation from external influences also give Abha its unique building character. Unlike other places in Saudi Arabia, Abha managed to preserve this distinctive architectural heritage.

Mud and Stone Houses

The mud and stone houses are examples of these architectures. The old mud and stone houses were built in vertical rows and are more than three-story high. The walls are thick enough to repel heat but will capture the cool desert night air. It keeps the house interiors cool in the daytime even during hot weather.

There are several of these old mudhouses and you can spend a day exploring them.

Mud houses near Abha

Mud houses near Abha

Stone houses of Rijal Alma'a tribes, not far from Abha

Stone houses of Rijal Alma'a tribes, not far from Abha

Abha's Unique Architecture

If you drive to the outskirts of Abha, you will see more of these mud and stone houses. In the old villages, these houses are at least 300 years old. If you are with a tour guide, he will explain the construction techniques of these houses, which is something worth knowing.

Other attractions in the city that have these unique architectures are Al Muftaha Village for Fine Art, and Shada Palace.

Al Muftaha Village

The old Muftaha Village that was in a state of neglect was re-built based on inspirations from Aseer's heritage and culture. It was built using the traditional methods of construction with local mud and stones.

The new Al Muftaha Village comprises of King Fahd Cultural Center, Archaeological Centre, Media Centre, and Al Muftaha Theatre. It was the first project in Saudi Arabia that embraced traditional crafts, photography, and fine arts.

Shada Palace

Shada Palace was built in 1927 and used originally as the headquarters of the Amara of Abha province. It is now a museum. It houses old planting & household tools, coins, several manuscripts, and photographs of life in Abha in the second half of the last century.

Wadi Mahala

Farther away from these mud villages is the watering hole for various bird species at Wadi Mahala, which is about 6.2 miles (10km) from Abha city.

A typical Araar Tree

A typical Araar Tree

Jabal Al-Sooda or Black Mountain

Abha is also home to the highest peak in Saudi Arabia, the Jabal Al-Sooda or Black Mountain, which stood at 2 miles (3.3km) high. It is the highlight of any trip to this area for a breathtaking vista of the city and the surrounding area.

This is also the site for the paragliding competition held every summer during the Asir Festival.

The origin of the Black Mountain name is a mystery but locals believe the name came from the dark Araar trees that grow all over the mountain and the dark clouds that loom above it.

Cable Car to the Mountains

In and around the city you will find four cable car networks that will take you to Al-Sooda or Black Mountain, Al-Habala, New Abha and Lake Saad: a picturesque lake, surrounded by rolling hills on both sides.

The highest for these cable car rides is the 4.3-mile ride from Al-Sooda. It also descends 1.2 miles to connect Sarawat Mountains with the Tihama villages.

Villages along the way from Abha to Al-Sooda

Villages along the way from Abha to Al-Sooda

Asir National Park

The Asir National Park, a 1.1 billion acre (450,000 hectares) of land and sea that was set up in 1976 is one of the major attractions in Abha. It is home to Jabal Soodah, the highest mountain in Saudi Arabia.

The misty mountains with its dense and pristine forests are homes to a variety of rare floras and faunas that are now protected from deforestation. Bring your camera, capture these rare plants, and share it with your friends.

Baboons near Abha

Baboons near Abha

At Asir National Park you might encounter baboons that are so used to people that they look forward to you feeding them.

Driving around Asir National Park is a ride filled with breathtaking mountain sceneries. The precarious two-lane roads that wind through its valleys and escarpments can sometimes give you that goosebumps. Every turn that you take will bring you another unbelievable view.

Asir National Park Camping

Among the other activities that you can do at Asir National Park are bird watching, hiking, and mountain climbing. There are also several campsites and picnic sites with toilet facilities but maintenance of these facilities is low.

Al-Habala Valley

About 20 minutes drive from Abha is the Al-Habala Valley. Al-Habala means 'rope' in Arabic and the village is called 'Hanging Village' because the only access then was by climbing ropes! The villagers will use the ropes and pulleys as a mode of transport to trade with the nearby town or to bring back items they had purchased. It is much simpler now with the cable car connection.

How did this village come about? According to the official record, the Qahtan clan had to flee the Turks' attack and took refuge in this perilous, but safe place.

Paragliding in Abha

This perilous yet interesting site has become a popular tourist area and a favorite spot for paragliders.

If you look at the photo below, you will see that the villages are built on the mountain edge, a scary experience for a visitor when opening a window or door to see a ravine at the doorstep!

Sarawat Mountains

Al-Habala valley is also surrounded by Sarawat Mountains that stood at 1.23 miles (2 km) above sea level. The hanging village is about 0.19 miles (300 m) below this point.

Sarawat mountain range is the Arabian Peninsula's largest mountain range. It starts from Jordan and runs through Saudi Arabia and ends in Yemen.

The Al Habbala Valley with its precarious village on the mountain edge

The Al Habbala Valley with its precarious village on the mountain edge

Sarawat Mountains from Al-Habala Valley

Sarawat Mountains from Al-Habala Valley

Shallal Al-Dahna and Tanumah

Shallal Al-Dahna is home to one of the few semi-permanent waterfalls in Saudi Arabia and is a photographer's paradise.

Tanumah is an area of broken granite hills that are mostly covered with acacia and Juniperus plant varieties.

Both are about 62 miles (100km) north of Abha and are accessible via good roads, unlike some other sites.

This is part of the Sarawat Mountain range. I took this photo near Taif and not at Abha

This is part of the Sarawat Mountain range. I took this photo near Taif and not at Abha

Malaki Dam Lake

Malaki dam lake is situated on the periphery of Asir foothills. Four wadis run through this lake and it covers an area of about 2,471 acres (10 sq. km) when the water level is at its highest. One of these wadis is the famous Wadi Jawah.

It is the largest freshwater habitat in the southern part of Saudi Arabia.

Birding in Abha Area

The area is a popular breeding ground for several varieties of birds from the Arabian peninsula as well as migratory birds from the African continent. It is the best place for bird watching in the whole of Saudi Arabia.

Sadly, the area is surrounded by agriculture which will affect these breeding grounds. If it is not managed properly, these breeding areas will soon become history. The government must control and halt further land cultivation within these areas to preserve these important breeding places.

Note: Wadi means a valley or ravine, usually surrounded by steep banks that will become a watercourse during a rainy season.

Raydah Escarpment Reserve

You must visit Raydah Escarpment Reserve for its sheer beauty. It is about 9.3 miles (15km) from Abha and is off the Al-Sooda road.

This site has a vertical west-facing slope with steep rugged rock that projects upward as well as outward. The cool and damp climate at the top of this mountain contrast sharply with the hot and humid tropical condition at the bottom.

Old Mosques

Abha and the region have several old mosques that date back as far as 70 AH (690 CE). Some of the popular mosques are Sadrid Mosque, Jahwah Mosque built on the top of Mount Akran in Mana’a, and the mosque of Thurban.

Basket Souq

Basket souq or bazaar is a treasure trove of colorful handmade baskets; made from reeds and even vinyl.

Made and sold by the local women, these baskets are favorite souvenirs with tourists that visit Abha.

Potteries on sale near Abha

Potteries on sale near Abha

Tuesday Market

Every Tuesday, near the Al-Mafteheh tourist center in Abha, there will be a traditional market selling mainly local produce, spices, and clothing. This market attracts mainly locals from the neighboring area but if you have a chance, visit this market to see how the locals do their shopping!

People of Abha

Despite the many beautiful attractions, the real attraction is the people of Abha for their poetic and artistic manner.

If you understand Arabic, you will be fascinated by the language of these people. Their use of poignant words and phrases will bring life to any topic of discussion.

The women of Abha wear black dresses with intricate embroideries known as Abha thobe. Jewelry is an essential part of any women's dressing and it is no different in Abha except that the amount of jewelry worn is also an indicator of the women's social status.

A wealthy woman will wear lots of jewelry and thus marriage dowries for this region are higher than any other part of Saudi Arabia.

Friendlier People

The people of Abha and the region are also friendlier and not so uptight as compared to the other parts of the country. Their clothing is more colorful and the men sometimes wear colorful trousers. Another unique practice is local women running and operating booths in the souks (bazaars) which is hardly seen in other parts of Saudi Arabia.

Getting to Abha

Abha is located almost to the southern part of Saudi Arabia and is geographically very far from almost all major cities and towns in the country. The best way to reach Abha is to fly since driving will take up most of your vacation time.

By Plane

The airport is about 30 mins away from the city center and there are several domestic and international flights to Abha.

By Road

The drive to Abha from most major cities in Saudi Arabia will be a long drive that takes at least seven hours.

You can either go along the coastal route (from Jeddah) or the interior route. Either way, you will be driving along major highways and old roads that can be both daunting and interesting.

Be warned; there are no hotels along the way so be prepared to rough it out.

Mountainous terrains around Abha

Mountainous terrains around Abha

Come Visit Abha

Abha was referred to as the land of spices and fragrances by the ancient Egyptians and over time it has become more than that; it is a land of humble people and unforgettable sights.'

Saudi Arabia has many things to offer such as the cool mountain resorts, scuba diving, and fishing in its famed Red Sea.

If you have the privilege of traveling to Saudi Arabia, which is not an easy country to apply for a tourist visa, make a point of traveling south to the province of Asir and enjoy the mild weather and the beauty that Abha and the region have to offer.

UPDATE: Saudi Tourist Visa

As of 28 September 2019, the Saudi Government has started issuing tourist visas. You can apply online here.

Traveling to Abha for the Paragliding Adventure

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

Question: Salam Sir Mazlan, I am from Jubail. What is your opinion if I come to visit Abha during the Eid holiday (June 2019). Do you recommend coming to Abha during Eid?

Answer: Abha, with its nice weather, can be visited at any time of the year. But during the Eid holiday, some places might be closed.

© 2012 Mazlan A


Sana Jabeen on August 28, 2020:

Hi there

I want to travel in November

I want to travel to bus from riyadh

Is there anyone here who can help me out

I want a reliable tour guide

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on January 20, 2020:

Hi John. I am no longing staying in KSA and it has been years since I was there. I am sorry I don't have the info that you asked for.

John on January 19, 2020:

Can you please send me the name of a reputable guide for aN Abha day tour in April?

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on December 22, 2019:

Hi harrisjeddah. It has been quite awhile since I left Abha and it is best if you contact the local tourist office for the updated information. My best bet is, it is probably closed for winter.

harrisjeddah on December 21, 2019:

Are all the Cable Cars in the Abha area working during the winter time. I am planning a trio in January 2020

brian on November 16, 2019:

hi mazian. i will be travel solo. is it easy to get around abha as an non-arabic speaker and can not drive? very interested to do a few day trip in jeddah and abha next jan.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on November 11, 2019:

Hi Jamie, it is my pleasure. I hope you will have an enjoyable trip to Abha and now the weather is even better. You may want to come back here and share your experience or give us an update of newer attractions in Abha, if that is alright with you. Thanks.

Jamie on November 11, 2019:

Thank you Mazlan!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on November 09, 2019:

Hi Jamie, I don't think that is an issue and as far as I am concerned, it is OK. However, check with your embassy for more detail info just to be sure.

Jamie on November 09, 2019:

If we visit Abha, should we worry about being close to the Yemen border (due to the war)? Will it be safe? We are American and plan to visit Saudi soon for tourism. We really want to go to Abha :)

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on October 29, 2019:

Dear Ram. Yes, Yemen border is nearer to Abha.

Ramkumar raja on October 29, 2019:

Is yemen boarder nearer to abha

Ameer Muhammad on August 25, 2019:

Ma shaa Allah Im a videographer artist hope we can make a good informative video traveling Abha. I'll be there soon in shaa Allah :)

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on March 24, 2019:

Dear Arvin. Your best bet is to contact your Phillipines government and through your KSA Phillipines embassy. Give them all the detail info that you have on your sister and I am sure they will help you.

arvin guinto on March 23, 2019:

sir.. im a pilipino..im arvin guinto.me ang my family are seeking help to find or communicate to my sister..she is a domestic helper her name is AIZA C. GUINTO.. the last thing we know for her is her employer will deploy her in abha saudi arabia.. since she transfered to abha we didnt recieve any massage or call from her.. is there any way to help us sir? or to connect us to goverment in abha to help us to find or communicate to her?? please sir.. help us.. we are begging for help for my sister.. please sir..

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 13, 2018:

Kim, it is like Taif or any other towns in KSA. It is safe but don't venture alone at night or to places that are not so crowded.

Kim on August 12, 2018:

Is the ciry of Abha safe even for a solo traveller? I am an expat from city of taif who loves to travel when i have time. Thank you

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on October 13, 2017:

Hi, Sian that's good to know and the early '80s must be quite tough to grow up in that area, which I am sure was not that developed yet?

Thanks for dropping by and love to hear or read of your experience there..you should write and share!

Sian on October 08, 2017:

Enjoyed reading this. I lived near Abha as an expat from 1981-1988, when I was aged 3-10. I have such amazing memories and know that this place helped make me the open minded, curious, adventurous, landscape-loving, geography nerd that I am :) I'd love to visit again sometime, and am keeping my Arabic alive just in case.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on November 24, 2013:

Lily, you are welcome

Lily on November 18, 2013:

I see, thank you for your reply. It still feels like I'm in Abha right now, because of the videos, descriptive words, and wonderful pictures you posted, haha.. Maybe someday I could visit Abha, someday.. Thanks!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on November 18, 2013:

Hi Lily, relatively, Jeddah is more liberal. However, if you intend to travel to Saudi Arabia, there's no such thing as tourist visa. You have to come in under business visa or if you are a Muslim, you can also enter under pilgrimage visa. Woman traveling alone is not easy, it is best to come with a man that is related to you, such as husband, brother or uncle.

Lily on November 17, 2013:

Great! Thanks for posting this.. Is this city more "open" compared to jeddah? I like to visit saudi arabia someday, but I am afraid to be alone because I am a woman. What city can you suggest for me to adjust? Thanks.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on October 20, 2013:

Hi skg abbas, thanks for dropping by and commenting. I hope you will get another chance to visit Abha again. Have a good day.

skg abbas on October 19, 2013:

thanks great stuff, Hub pages.

I had been to Abha, jazan, farasan island. may be I would like to visit again. your information is great. I ended up here from a random search.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on September 17, 2013:

Francesco, wow that was some time back and it's interesting to know the changes in Abha, since then. Hope to read your articles soon. Thanks for dropping by and sharing.

Francesco Paolo Sarno on September 16, 2013:

Well I lived in Abha in 1983-1985 when working for the Assir Project. I was a tunnel engineer mostly (for Electrowatt) following works done by SAIPEM. I also wrote an article on Tunnels & Tunneling about it. Abha and surroundingsare really beautiful. I went down the Alhallah escarpment when there was only an extremely dangerous track (which was wiped out by a storm one year later). Abha and Soodah have a wonderful climate and even fog, but you can drive down to the Red Sea beach and find a sea full of tropical fishes and a very, very hot climate. I am writing about it (together with other adventures) in my website.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on June 03, 2013:

IslandBites, thanks for reading and the vote. Have a good day.

IslandBites from Puerto Rico on June 02, 2013:

Very interesting. Vote up!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on February 24, 2013:

@Ratatoesk, thanks for dropping by. Saudi Arabia has many interesting places to visit and Abha is one of them. If you have a chance, put Abha in your itinerary. It is a bit far though from the major cities and the best way is to fly into Abha.

Ratatoesk on February 23, 2013:

I have been twice in Dubai and once in Abu Dhabi but after reading your hub I wish to see more of the arab world. Sure, I grew up in the green of middle Europe and would miss it over there like I did in the dessert Namib, but nevertheless I´m curious. Great article. Thank you.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 18, 2012:

@JayeWisdom: Thanks for the visit and comment. I love doing 'armchair travelling' as well esp. those on national geographic magazines.

Jaye Denman from Deep South, USA on August 18, 2012:

One of the most interesting aspects of HubPages is its international flavor. For "armchair travelers" such as I, hubs like this one (with its beautiful photos and interesting information) provide the opportunity to vicariously enjoy other countries. I enjoy travel articles very much, and this one is great! Thanks for sharing Abha with us.


Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 18, 2012:

@bdegiulio. The mountain and desert sceneries are breathtaking. I love to drive to these areas, but not when there are sandstorm, hate them!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 18, 2012:

@CassyLu1981. When I first arrived in Saudi Arabia, most of it was what I had imagined it to be but there were few pleasant surprises and Abha is one of them. Thanks for the vote and share.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 18, 2012:

@lindacee: Yes, it is good to enjoy the mild climate when the rest of the country is sweltering hot esp in summer.

Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on August 18, 2012:

A great look at Saudi Arabia. Definitely not what I expected. Looks beautiful. Thanks for sharing.

CassyLu1981 from Spring Lake, NC on August 17, 2012:

This is not what I had pictured this to look like at all. Very beautiful and an informative hub!!! Voted up and shared!

Linda Chechar from Arizona on August 13, 2012:

What a fabulous Hub, Greatstuff! Abha looks so beautiful. You have provided great insight into the region. I love the fact that the climate is temperate when compared to the rest of Saudi Arabia. I am a fan of the high desert landscape -- I only wish Las Vegas was higher in elevation so we could enjoy those moderate temperatures! Well done.

Riverfish24 from United States on August 10, 2012:

Great hub, a very good review of a place to visit. Kudos!

Robert Erich from California on August 07, 2012:

greatstuff! Another awesome hub here. You have documented everything so thoroughly. Well written and organized. I would love to check out those mud huts - I have heard how efficient they are weather wise. Your writing is impressive and I look forward to traveling to many of these great places!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 06, 2012:

@teaches12345, thanks for the visit and commenting. Saudi Arabia has its charm and despite the horrendous driving by some mindless drivers there, driving through Saudi Arabia landscape is a wonderful experience. You will be amazed at how nature can turn desert to grassland when there are rainfalls. What I like most is the changing colors of the desert as you drive along the journey.

Dianna Mendez on August 06, 2012:

Thanks for posting information on this area of the world. It is fascinating and I have heard of its beauty from others. Perhaps some day, I would journey there to experience this first hand.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 06, 2012:

@spartucusjones Thanks for the compliment and I am glad this hub have given you an insight into a country that many thought is just desert!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 06, 2012:

Om, unfortunately Saudi Arabia is not an easy country to get tourist visa. You either enter the country on a business or pilgrim visa. Even when I was working there (with an employment visa), for my family to visit me, the process of applying for their visit visa wasn't that easy. So Abha may not be on your to-visit list, unfortunately, unless you work there or enter on business visa!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 06, 2012:

@krsharp05, the souk or bazaar/market is always a great place to visit. I always make a point of visiting these places, when I travel including going to the flea market. The desert sceneries in Saudi Arabia can change from almost white sand desert to dark red sand and the mountain changes in color as well as you drive along their vast landscape. Thanks for the compliment

CJ Baker from Parts Unknown on August 05, 2012:

Very informative, detailed and well laid out hub! I definitely learnt a lot about a part of the world that I was unfamiliar with.

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 05, 2012:

@watergeek. Actually, the video original title is Abha City- Saudi Arabia. Maybe I should add my own title to give a clearer explanation. I do agree the video can be confusing as it is a long video and have almost everything that they were doing while in Abha, with no proper 'scripting'.

I use this video as it covers the rain, food, paragliding, cable car and the scenery.

Susette Horspool from Pasadena CA on August 05, 2012:

Great article, greatstuff. I especially liked the video. Do you have a title for it? I was a little confused about what it was about at first.

Om Paramapoonya on August 04, 2012:

I was one of those who assumed deserts were pretty much everywhere in Saudi Arabia. It's great to learn that there are also places with mild weather and forests. I think I'll put Abha on my to-visit list! Thanks for this wonderful travel guide.

Kristi Sharp from Born in Missouri. Raised in Minnesota. on August 03, 2012:

Awesome hub greatstuff. You deliver a lot of information and have beautiful photos as well. The mountains seem almost black but they are really pretty in the distance. I think the market would be wonderful to visit. Thanks for the fantastic and informative hub. -K

greeneryday from Some tropical country on August 03, 2012:

greatstuff, right now I am not in KSA, but I will someday...thanks!

Mazlan A (author) from Malaysia on August 03, 2012:

@greeneryday . Thanks for the visit and commenting. Are you in KSA right now?

greeneryday from Some tropical country on August 03, 2012:

Very detail and informative hub, I doubt I could find better hub about Abha than this one. Voted up for awesome.

PS : I am definitely going to visit abha someday, thanks!

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