What Not to Miss When Visiting the Black Hills, South Dakota

Updated on March 7, 2018

So you are thinking about traveling to the Black Hills this summer for a fun family getaway or maybe a retreat for you and your sweetheart, but other than Mt. Rushmore you don't really know where to start. Fear no more for I will outline here the fun and distinctive destinations, tricks, tips, and suggested "all in one" activity days. After reading you will be well on your way to knowing the place like a local before you even arrive.

Before coming to the Black Hills I'm sure you will do your research on the area, finding lots of information on Wall, the Badlands, and Mt. Rushmore; because these topics have been so well written about, I'm going to skip them here with a slight mention that in my own humble opinion Wall and Wall Drug is a crowded tourist trap and not worth the stop. I know many others who disagree with me, but that is just my own personal opinion. Can't say I didn't warn you....

You might be wondering how much time to take out of your vacation for your stop here. I would say a week is plenty. I will go over five days worth of activity in this article. The two in-between days will be needed for lighter activities, good eating, and Mt. Rushmore. I suggest that you save the Badlands for a day when you can go early for the sunrise or late for the sunset. Those are the only times you will truly appreciate the beauty of that area, otherwise it just looks like a wasteland.

Avoid Visiting During Sturgis

Let's touch on Sturgis time and why it's not a good idea to come for the 14 days that include or surround it. The Black Hills is a place where the local businesses and people depend on money that is brought in during the largest economic time of the year: when the Annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally comes to town. During this huge event, hotel costs skyrocket by hundreds of dollars a night. Rooms that you can get during the start or end of the season for $89.99 a night, turn into high dollar rentals at $299.99 for a double queen. Without even having to touch on the traffic in streets that are built for small towns, the noise, the wait for restaurants, and the prices alone should deter you. It is just simply better not to come during Sturgis. In order to make sure you don't plan your trip during this time, check the current year's dates for the event. Remember that the chaos starts a few days before, and lasts a few days after...as do the prices. You can also pick up the prior year's rally shirts at just about any gas station for around five dollars, bearing in mind someone paid $25.00 plus for that same shirt during the year before.

Five Day Itinerary

Day One
Day Two
Day Three
Day Four
Day Five
Crazy Horse
The Needles
Rapid City
Hot Springs
Custer State Park
1880s Train
Wind Cave
Jewel Cave
The Hitchrail
This is a sample itinerary put together by the author based on how close these attractions are to one another and how long it will take to see them.

Recommendation on Where to Stay

My first suggestion before we start with all the hidden treasures is on where to stay. There are older and newer parts to Rapid City (where you really should be staying for the best driving distances, prices, and best choices of restaurants and hotels in the Black Hills). I prefer the venues off of Elk Vale Road which is exit number 61 off Interstate 90. This is the newer edge of town, and the hotels are brand new and reasonable in price as long as you are not coming during Sturgis. Although Elk Vale is not central to Rapid City, it does border it. This is an optimal situation as this location leads to several key travel roads that help you to avoid driving through the main portion of Rapid, which can sometimes save you 20-30 minutes depending on your situation. My preferred hotel is the Sleep Inn & Suites because it is clean, well kept, reasonable, has laundry facilities, an indoor pool, and the staff and owners truly care about your stay. While there, take a peek at the in the room guest book as it was written by yours truly, and drop by the water park directly next door for some fun family time.

Pick up a Free Black Hills Map!

This map is available at most hotels and at the gas station/tourist info center across from the hotels suggested on Elk Vale. The map will be of great use to you, especially when you find yourself wanting to take some back roads I will suggest. I am not going into extensive detail on the directions in this article. If you are going to Jewel Cave as I suggest here, call ahead and reserve your tour! Give yourself at least 1 hour 45 minutes to get there from Rapid.

Day One: Crazy Horse, Custer, and Jewel Cave

I am writing this assuming you will be starting your week on a Monday, but of course you are not locked into doing all of this by the day I suggested. Just please keep in mind that the suggestion for day five is only available Fridays and Saturdays, so you will want to make sure to pay attention to when to fit that day in so you don't end up missing one of the best feasts in the Hills!

If you are interested in paying $14.00 to drive through Custer State Park (once you purchase the park pass you can use it at any park in the state), take Highway 79 South out of Rapid City. This will add at least 30 minutes if you do the quick drive through the park, though you can spend hours driving this park. Custer is the best place to see large amounts of buffalo, and if you are there during the roundup, don't miss it.

Inside of Custer, you can find the Purple Pie Place which makes excellent pies. There is also a Flinstone's Campground located in Custer which is great for younger kids. There are a few fast food stops, including the local pizza joint which is good but over priced. Ultimately, you may find packing your lunch for your trip to Custer State Park is the best way to go; the markets are overpriced and can be out of the way, so best to supply up in Rapid City if you can.

Base your Custer Day around what time you can get into Jewel Cave. I recommend taking the longer tour and not the "lantern" tour. The lantern tour is better for able-bodied people who want to see less of the gorgeous parts of the cave and want to have more of an adventure. On this more rigorous tour, you literally go down into the first passage where it's a tight squeeze with some downright dangerous areas that you have to navigate while carrying a lantern. I found the elder people who went on that tour with us had a much harder time then they had expected. Later in this piece I will recommend Wind Cave as another place to see. Both of these caves are worth seeing, but if you only have time for one, Jewel is the more spectacular of the two.

On your way back out of Custer take Highway 16 toward Crazy Horse/Mt Rushmore. Make your stop at Crazy Horse the last "point" of the day. By this time I'm assuming you're well into the afternoon and driving this area in the dark is not a great idea unless you are used to very dark rural roads with a crazy suicidal deer population. The easiest and quickest way back on 16 from Crazy Horse is straight through Hill City, do not take the turn to Keystone/Mt Rushmore; it does lead to Rapid eventually but if you aren't going to see Rushmore at that time it adds extra time to your return trip. If you are driving at night, be very careful, especially just at dusk. Plan for a dinner out in Rapid. Suggestions include: Mongolian Grill for a quick but filling Asian night or Coco Palace for good sushi.

Day Two: The Needles, 1880s Train, and Keystone

This is a perfect day to incorporate Mt. Rushmore since I have you headed to Keystone which is the town below Mt. Rushmore. I know I said I wouldn't talk much about it, but all in all my view on Mt. Rushmore is you can drive by it and see it. You don't need to pay $10.00 to go into the park. It's great if you want to do this, and very patriotic of you as ticket sales keep the park going, but it's not much different than from the road. If you keep going past the entrance to Mt. Rushmore you will find a turn out where you can see George Washington (the same view from the picture I have included below).

Take Highway 16 down to the Needles Highway which you can access from the turn to Sylvan Lake. There are several highways numbered 16, so if you are confused just stop at your friendly Park Rangers post (you should always stop anyway so they know you've paid your park fees).

The Needles takes several hours to drive, don't fall into the trap of turning around. Look closely at your map and follow 16 out, it is a glorious drive and the views of Mt. Rushmore are great! The pigtail bridges is another reason not to turn around and go back the way you came. Just keep on driving.

Once you have completed that circuit you should be in the Keystone area. There are several ways to do the 1880s train. There is a depot in Keystone for the train so my suggestion is to take it from Keystone to Hill City for lunch since all of Hill City is within walking distance from the 1880s train. Then take the train back up to Keystone for your day in Keystone. Keystone has many fun shops along with Mt. Rushmore. Don't miss out on the fudge shop as some excellent treats are to be found there. The 1880s train is nearly three hours round trip so please keep that in mind when planning—make sure you check out details before you visit.

Needles Entrance

The drive through spot in the rocks as you start into "The Needles"
The drive through spot in the rocks as you start into "The Needles" | Source
Turn out view of George - Mt. Rushmore
Turn out view of George - Mt. Rushmore | Source

Day Three: Rapid City

By now I'm quite sure you are a little tired of driving despite the wonderful sights you have seen so we are going to focus on what is right around Rapid City. Most of you will have noticed the many attractions on Highway 16 on your way down to Custer and Mt. Rushmore areas. There are many things like water slides, Go Karts, Miniature Golf, and of course Bear Country USA. Your drive through Bear Country will take you into the heart of the nature of the Black Hills. Many different varieties of animals will be viewed in a natural type of habitation unlike a zoo.

Further down along Highway 16 you will find Cosmos Mystery Area. This place is fantastic and so much fun for the kids. I advise you NOT to miss this tour. This place is amazing, and literally is a mystery. Things like water rolling uphill, balls rolling uphill, the ability to balance your body at odd angles, standing on walls, and switching heights with other people will leave you with a gigantic smile at the end of your 30 minute tour. You will definitely walk away with a different feeling about the earth and how things can "defy" nature.

There is also Storybook Island, which is completely free. The play sets are themed from all the favorite Childhood Fairytale stories. All of the sets are adopted and taken care of by the community, so while at the park please take care to be nice to the equipment and clean up after yourselves. Some of the "sets" include the Castle, Cat in the Hat, Noah's Ark, 100 Acre Wood, Tom and Huck, Humpty Dumpty, Become a Train Engineer, Climb Jack's Beanstock, Dalmations, Snow White and the 7 Dwarfs, Pinocchio, and visit Santa all year round.

Day Four: Hot Springs, Wind Cave, and the Hitchrail

Today we will venture down to Hot Springs, about an hour south of Rapid City on Highway 79. There are some great things to see in Hot Springs. Today will be a restaurant day for lunch and dinner unless you choose to bring your lunch. There is a Subway, Dairy Queen, and a few small restaurants within Hot Springs, along with a reasonably priced grocery store called Sonny's that has cold sandwiches and hot fried chicken. The Lynn's Dakota Mart also has a deli with more choices than you will find at Sonny's but Lynn's is slightly more expensive.

There are a few activities to choose from in Hot Springs. I am going to suggest three different Hot Springs activities but you will most likely only have time for two of them. If you choose to do Wind Cave please keep in mind that it will be the same procedure as Jewel Cave where you should call ahead to find a good tour time and purchase before you go as tickets sell out in the summer months. Wind Cave is also cold, about 52 degrees with a constant "wind" even in the summer. So please remember to pack warm gear if you plan for the cave tour.

The Mammoth Site is the largest research facility for mammoths in the world. It is amazing, but you can actually view an active paleontological dig site with Ice Age fossils exhibited in full view. To date they have found around 55 mammoths, by far the largest collective find of the species in the world. The tour takes about 30 minutes, but I find the exhibits in this place will hold your interest far longer.

Evans Plunge is a large indoor pool that was built over the sacred inlet of the Hot Springs. They promote themselves as a water park, however if you are used to big city water parks you will find this one much different. The water is a constant 87 degrees and flows in at a rate of 5000 gallons a minute. The pool recycles itself with fresh mineral water 16 times in a day. The best time to get there is early in the morning around nine or ten. The water is so amazing it literally feels as if you are swimming through silk, and you will definitely feel a change in your hair and skin texture after swimming in this water.

I have already mentioned Wind Cave, and a drive through Wind Cave National park is the way we will end the day. Even if you do not want the cave tour, you should still do the drive through. Upon exiting the drive through Wind Cave you will find yourself in a small town called Pringle. Don't blink, you may miss it. Pringle has a fantastic restaurant visible from the main road. They are closed Monday and Tuesday so again if you switch the days of your itinerary, please remember not to try for the Hitch on those days. The Hitchrail is owned by Chef "D" who is a 4 star chef. His fare is fantastic. Highlights include the prime rib, the BBQ ribs, and my-oh-my the elk ravioli is amazing. Yes, I said elk ravioli. When you leave the Hitch do not head back through Wind Cave, head North to Custer and find your way back to Rapid on Highway 16. Much faster than backtracking to the highway.

Wild Bill's Grave

The headstone and likeness of Wild Bill @ Mt. Moriah Cemetary, Deadwood, SD.
The headstone and likeness of Wild Bill @ Mt. Moriah Cemetary, Deadwood, SD. | Source

Day Five: Summer Nights in Deadwood

On our final day, we will take a drive West on I-90 to Sturgis, exit at Sturgis, and follow the signs up the canyon to Deadwood. As you drive into Deadwood, main street will be on your right. Parking in the summer can be difficult but there is a metered lot near the Silverado Casino, and another parking garage in the middle of downtown.

Walking downtown speaks for itself with the many historical buildings. Signs will point you to where Wild Bill was shot, where the infamous murderer was caught, and if you find the right saloon you can even see the chair he was sitting in mounted above the door. I'm not going to tell you all the secrets, but trust that if you find one place that claims it is Saloon #10, you also may just find another.

They do a reenactment inside of the Saloon #10 where the chair is. The actors even take the battle out into the street. It is an amazing fun and good time in Deadwood. Stop by the Celebrity Casino for some cool exhibits, and of course the Morning Star which is owned by actor Kevin Costner and has many exhibits from his career including costumes from Dances with Wolves, Waterworld, and many others.

You can also go up to Mt. Moriah Cemetery and see Wild Bill's grave year round. Even if the tours are closed you are allowed to find the gravesite on your own, which is not hard to do. Wild Bill's grave is marked with a large headstone and Calamity Jane is buried right next to him. The trip to the cemetery is interesting, especially since you get a full view of the town down below you. If you are a fan of the HBO show Deadwood, you definitely shouldn't miss this spot.

To end your evening you must stop by the Gold Dust casino for the all you can eat prime rib and crab feast. This is a no joke stop! You must be hungry. There are similar buffets offered at other casinos, but the one at the Gold Dust is by far the best. If the main seating room is full, ask for a seat in the "French Room" —I actually prefer the service in that room as it is a little less crazy then the main dining area and it seems you don't have as many people heading for the "fresh out of the kitchen crab." Please remember that the buffet is only Friday/Saturday nights so if you are swapping around the days the way I have them scheduled, plan for a weekend date for Deadwood no matter what. Also check the local website for the summer concert schedule. My husband and I have had many a free concert just because we headed down on the right night for the buffet. Do not miss out on Deadwood.

An Enjoyable Stay

All in all I hope you enjoy this article and all it highlights. I hope that it gives you a good idea of all the wonderful things you can find here in the Black Hills. Enjoy your stay with us and please remember the following safety and courtesy tips while visiting.

  • Please do not approach buffalo on foot. If you find yourself near buffalo or blocked by a large herd of them, try to slow your car down before you enter the "pack," or proceed slowly and carefully. Buffalo seem docile but can turn quickly and can flip a car. You can get killed by approaching these wild animals on foot.
  • Please keep to posted speed limit signs and do not go under the speed limit. Many of us appreciate the tourism, but if you are going 35 mph to sightsee on a one lane road that is marked 55 mph, I guarantee you that you are delaying someone behind you that needs to get to work to serve you later in the day. Please be kind, keep up with traffic, and if you need to sightsee, pull over.

Enjoy your days in lovely South Dakota!

Questions & Answers


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        2 months ago

        My hubby and I spent two days in SW South Dakota in May 2018. While I pretty much concur with your suggestions, there are still lots of great places we would like to make a return visit and see. So glad you mentioned Hot Springs and Evans Plunge, a hidden gem we happily stumbled upon.

      • profile image

        Dawn Marie 

        8 months ago

        $10 at Mt Rushmore is a parking fee. It is well worth parking and spending some time. The Presidential waslking trail, museum, movie, and interactive exhibits. The night lighting is also a good experience. They have good ice cream and a nice fudge outlet there too. Take the time. You won’t regret it. We go every year.

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        14 months ago

        Thank you for all this info. We used your itinerary for our trip and we had a fantastic time!

      • Lynne Donovan profile image

        Lynne Donovan 

        21 months ago

        akstark3 - I can easily spend the day driving the Needles, walking around at the Eye, going to Custer State Park, the new visitors center, the Wildlife Loop (bring carrots for the burros!), Sylvan Lake (walk the 1 mile trail around the lake!) Take your time, get out and look around, If you are lucky, you will get to see one of the big fullsized buses going thru one of the tiny tunnels - amazing how they do that! I live in SD and get to the Hills every year - love it out there!

      • profile image


        21 months ago

        when you say the Needles takes several hours to drive how many hours are you talking?

      • profile image


        2 years ago

        What wheelsallover said is absolutely true. It is a very sacred place........you can feel it's sacredness.

      • easylearningweb profile image

        Amelia Griggs 

        4 years ago

        Nice, helpful hub, thanks for the informative travel tips!

      • OHB profile image


        7 years ago from Rapid City

        I live very close to all the places you mentioned. I love them all. Nice hub.

      • wheelinallover profile image

        Dennis Thorgesen 

        7 years ago from Beatrice, Nebraska U.S.

        Hey you missed my favorite part, a horse back ride. I would guess not everyone rides but it is something that really shouldn't be missed if you do. I lived three and a half miles west of Crazy Horse for more than three years. In that time I never got to see and do everything there is to do in the hills. I have lived all over the country and nothing held my interest more than the Black Hills. Following the speed limit is important there, I was late for doctors appointments at the VA hospital in Hot Springs many times even with leaving home early because there were so many people not doing the speed limit. When the bike rally was going in Sturgis I just stayed in Hot Springs overnight when I had an appointment. I highly recommend the Black Hills as a place to vacation. There truly is no place on earth like it.


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