Ms. Inglish has spent 30 years working in medicine, psychology, STEM instruction, and aerospace education for Active USAF Civil Air Patrol.
Pennsylvania is a beautiful mountain state, interesting and full of attractions to fill your vacation time. It has plenty to offer for your leisure time if you are a Pennsylvania resident as well. The Quaker State offers enough things to see and to do to fill your lifetime. Some of these attractions are very unusual, providing an extra incentive to visit.
One set of my great grandparents settled in Pennsylvania long ago before moving on to the west and though I never met them, I like to travel to Pennsylvania to see the countryside and cities, along with attractions and historical sites.
One fascinating area to see is Northwest Pennsylvania's State and National Oil Heritage Area around Oil City, described below. This is developed in a way similar to Ohio's Aviation Heritage Area around Dayton and Fairborn, Ohio.
Unlike Ohio, Pennsylvania encompasses some counties that are entirely forested.
State Parks With Unusual Sights
Marienville is located in Forest County, Pennsylvania and the county truly is largely a forested area. It is located in northwestern part of the state and is one of only two sites in the Allegheny National Forest to have ranger stations.
A new State Correctional Institution (SCI) at Forest, Forest County PA was dedicated in the autumn of 2004 near Marienville, but the remainder of the county is an out of the way, sustainable forest retreat with only about 7,700 total residents and not a single traffic light.
The quality of the wood in the forests in this area gave Merienville the title of Black Cherry (Wood) Capital of the World. This is the only national forest in the state and it includes these spectacular regions to visit across over 500,000 acres of land:
- Allegheny & Clarion Wild & Scenic Rivers
- Allegheny National Recreation Area
- Allegheny Reservoir
- Buckaloons or Irvine Flats Historic Area - 15 or more prehistoric archaeological sites.
- Buzzard Swamp Wildlife Management Area - wetlands and waterfowl as well as other wildlife.
- Chestnut Ridge and Minister Valley Wilderness Study Areas
- Hickory Creek Wilderness and the Allegheny Islands Wilderness
- Kane Experimental Forest
- Kinzua Quality Deer Cooperative - controlled deer herd and hunting, nearly 75,000 acres.
- Longhouse National Scenic Byway - approx. 30 miles of roadway and land for camping, fall foliage tours, fishing, etc. This byway is named after the longhouse used by the Eastern Woodlands bands of Native Americans that have lived in Pennsylvania for centuries.
- North Country National Scenic Trail - nearly 100 miles of trails.
- Off Road Remote Areas - hunting, fishing, hiking, and other sports.
- Tionesta Research Natural Area - for the study of old growth forests.
- Tionesta & Hearts Content Scenic Areas - timber has never been cut here.
Native American Cultures
While vacationing in Pennsylvania as I do, you might wish to visit some Unique Native American Attractions. Over the years, I found that Pennsylvania has at least 1,000 Native American related places to visit that are sensational and interesting. Many are fascinating archaeological sites studied by local colleges and universities, with parts open to the public.
While we think of Texas oil and Alaskan pipelines when we hear the word oil, we don't usually envision Pennsylvania. However, the first American well was dug here. Not only that, but Texas law firms specializing in oil and natural gas operations have moved into NW Pennsylvania as well with the more recent Pennsylvania oil boom of 2008 - 2016.
Ohio and PA have enough oil deposits to provide energy for all of the USA for many years, but the first oil in Pennsylvania was exciting!
Unusual Things to See
Oil City and Titusville
Oil City bills itself on its website as a Special Blend of People, very apt because it is advertised as the birthplace of the American oil well after the discovery of oil in nearby Titusville in the summer of 1859. By 1863, during the American Civil War, Oil City considered itself a boom town. Before the city spring up, the area was inhabited by Seneca Nation and specifically, Chief Cornplanter and his band.
The city grew up at the point where the Allegheny River and Oil Creek meet and expanded gradually as oil was drilled and needed transport to the big city. Quickly, it became the headquarters city for Quaker State Oil, Pennzoil, and Wolf's Head Oil. Today, the city includes about 11,000 residents. Visitors arrive to take advantage of many local nature trails and to view Victorian Style architecture. Tours of Oil Heritage Sites are also available. One of these takes visitors by Oil Creek, where barges brought oil to the Allegheny River for further transport to Pittsburgh.
The Oil City library has quite a collection of photographs from the mid -800s that show the nature of the town and its oil boom.
The Fine Arts
Oil City is developing further by using an Arts Relocation Program to bring fine arts to Downtown Oil City as the area is revitalized to highlight historic places and architecture. Arts studios have been built within the historic transit center in town and artists are actually moving into Oil City to enjoy its small town atmosphere and opportunities. Annual arts, music, and film festivals have begun to happen as well. Grants and other incentives keep the artists coming to Oil City, while the 2012, 50th Anniversary of the local branch of Clarion University (http://www.clarion.edu/239/) offers other features and future events.
Old Philadelphia Pike In Amish Country
Pretzels On Old Philadelphia Pike
Pennsylvania has been home to several good brands of pretzels since its settlement by Germans back in the 1700s, but the Town of Interc*urse PA may be the most famous pretzel place of all.
The pretzel factory in this town is a fun place to watch the treats being prepared and baked during a factory tour. Then how can you not purchase some in the combination gift shop and grocery? Besides soft or hard style pretzels, molasses crunch, homemade noodles, spices, herbs, and other regional items are on sale. The pretzels are special in another way: only 100 pounds of hand twisted, brown butter pretzels are baked daily and fewer than a dozen pretzel factories of this type are operating in America..
Bird-In-Hand PA (from the proverb A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush) has another famous pretzel place.
3121 Old Philadelphia Pike
Bird In Hand PA 17505
I know that some readers are likely laughing at the two town names above. Put the two towns together with the names of a few other local communities, and some people have a real laugh fest. The names of the communities are thought to have been taken from tavern signs of the establishments built to take advantage of increasing traffic on the first American turnpike in 1794.
Famous Pretzel Places
Amish Farm Market
Traffic crossed Lancaster County along what is now Route 340 and these communities grew around the taverns or roadhouses.
A large Amish community took up residence in these places as well, resulting in an entire Amish Tourism phenomenon today. Both pretzel towns, part of the tourism economy are on Route 360 between Harrisburg and Philadelphia, and just 4 miles apart in Amish Country, so you'll have an easy time of seeing them both.
The four-square mile area between these two towns is absolutely loaded with things to do and see. A large number of restaurants feature German and Pennsylvania Dutch cooking, but one of the biggest attractions is the large Bird In Hand Farmers Market, but you might enjoy the Hot Air Balloon Rides.
The market is open weekends year round and throughout warmer months, Wednesday through Saturday; hours are 8:30 AM to 5:30 PM for shopping among 30 vendors of handcrafted and American Made foods, gifts, and furniture.
You can also rent a three-wheeled vehicle for off-roading or you can hike in the area.
BIRD IN HAND FARMERS MARKET
2710 OLD PHILADELPHIA PIKE
Nearby shops offer hand crafted furniture from virgin forests and reclaimed woods, quilts, and other high quality goods.
Lititz, Pennsylvania; 1942.
Village of Lititz, a Moravian Community and Pretzel Haven
The Village of Lititz is located about 10 miles northwest of the Route 340 pretzel towns. It also is a pretzel haven with its National Historic Building, the Julius Sturgis Pretzel Factory, but it has more to offer.
The village became a Moravian community in 1756 before the American Revolution. It was named after the town in Bohemia where the Moravian Church was founded and for many years, only Moravians could live in Lititz PA. A museum of the faith, its journey to Pennsylvania, and the town itself are held in archives and a museum open to the public.
Another museum here is the Candy Americana® Museum at 48 North Broad Street inside the Wilbur Chocolate Co. Pennsylvania is known for chocolate, but for more types and brands than only the famous Hersey. The local museum holds over 1,000 items used in chocolate making and display from around the world. The chocolate business in Lititz began in Philadelphia in 1865, making hard candies for sale on the booming American passenger railroads. The company grew to include three factories, one in Lititz, followed by the purchasing of several other companies. Today, Wilbur Chocolate is a global business.
Ephrata Community - Ephrata means "Fruitful"
Approximately 8 miles northeast of Lititz along State Routes 772 and 272 is Ephrata, also a railroading town settled by Germans. In 1732, Seventh-Day German Baptists arrived and established a community for religious studies, prayer, music writing; printing and publishing; and fine arts.
The residents consisted of families and declared Celibates, both male and female. The original groups of members disbanded between 1929 and 1934 and Pennsylvania soon acquired ownership during WWII and began preservation activities in the historic community.
Interestingly, a place called Ephrata exists in Washington State as well, home only to Native Americans until the 1880s and that decade's advent of settlers. It quickly became known as Indian Graves before taking its final name, which means fruitful in Hebrew.
The Ephrata Cloister is located at 632 West Main Street in Ephrata PA and holds choral performances. Many other events are held for the public throughout the year, including guided tours by actors dressed in era garments, history classes, school programs, Pennsylvania holiday celebrations, Mother's and Father's Days, scavenger hunts, concerts, and special events each year.
Nearby the cloister museum is a marketplace that has included a fashion store, a restaurant, a fine arts store, a large farmer's market, and other vendors. Anita's Restaurant at Donecker's has taken over the spot used by the original restaurant of 50 years and other spaces are renting to being new businesses in for Spring and Summer 2012 tourists.
Several inns are still operating next to the Donecker marketplace, but other restaurants, a flea market, and the Green Dragon Farmer's Market on State Street are operational and thriving. In fact, this farmer's market covers 30 acres at 955 North State Street in Ephrata. It includes three buildings and a separate Tower Village of shops, Amish and chain vendors, fresh foods, concessions, a flea market, hand crafted furniture, and several auctions. Hours are 9-9 Fridays only and visitors include those on bus tours for shopping. Parking is free to all. It's a lot of fun.
Eagles Mere On a Mountain Top
Eagles Mere Ice Sports and Awesome History
Eagles Mere a community located on top of a mountain.
In addition to its unique location, this place has America's only ice toboggan slide. Proceeds of the reasonable admission fees in December, January and February go to support the local Volunteer Fire Department.
All of this is located near other North Central Pennsylvania attractions close to the town of Williamsport at US Route 220 in PA.
The whole town of Eagles Mere is a National Historic Site that was developed into a resort area in the 1800s for the upper class of rich Pennsylvania cities like Philadelphia. The community is also part of the Endless Mountains Heritage Region and like the rest of the state, this area is beautiful.
Eagles Mere Air Museum contains the last of the line of several aircraft from the Golden Age of Flight, the years 1908 - 1935. These craft include those owned by well known male and female pilots of the era. This museum is worth the cost of your whole trip to Pennsylvania. Air flight took off faster than expected after the Wright Brothers' flight in 1903. Flight was unstoppable and this museum tells part of the story, from pre-WWI right up to the edge of WWII and the amazing aircraft America developed.
The popular Eagles Mere Inn is a restored venue that has operated continually since the 1800s and been listed in the Top 10 Inns of Pennsylvania. Nearby, a French village established by fleeing French settlers, the French Azilum, is located in Eagles Mere, a preservation site from the American Revolution. Additional museum sites include the Little League Museum and Hall of Fame, a farm museum, a glass museum, and several others.
A 50-mile Endless Mountain Dog Sled Race occurs in February, with a Whitewater Slalom Race in March. A Bowhunters' Festival is held in May and a Pow Wow in June. Little League? - The World Series is played here every August. The entire calendar year is filled with sports and activities, festivals and special events.
Worlds End State Park at Eagles Mere
Hermit Monks' Cave North of Philadelphia
Wissahickon - Cave Of the Monks
In 1694, a brotherhood of German mystics established on Wissahickon Creek. The leader was a hermit monk called Johannes Kelpius (born in Transylvania), who oversaw the other hermits in medical practices and healing, music writing and performance, and some say, in magick; but certainly in alchemy and horoscope casting as well as exorcism. The site of their community is within four miles northwest of Germantown and Philadelphia off I-76 in Wissahickon Valley Park, a National Natural Landmark.
Legend has it that the Philosopher’s Stone was in Kelpius's strong box that he insisted by thrown into the Schuylkill River near Wissahickon Creek, where it is believed by some to remain to this day. You can see streets named Hermit Lane and related names to honor the hermit monks of yesterday, along with a small stone building engraved with the legend of the Cave of Kelpius.
Horror and mystery writer/poet Edgar Allen Poe was also drawn to this area for its beauty.
The Big Mac Museum
I was surprised when I discovered this museum near Greensburg PA and the Greater Pittsburgh Area, I-76 and Harrisburg PA travel sites. I'd thought the Big Mac® was invented near Chicago at the McDonald's HQ by one of the top chefs they have hired from around the world.
The particular double sandwich was invented near North Huntingdon PA and the Big Mac Museum Restaurant sports a 14-foot tall, full color statue of the sandwich.
Actually, franchise owner Jim Delligatti (a famous name of a man that owns nearly 20 of the Golden Arches®) invented the delicacy in Uniontown PA in the late summer of 1967. The museum is in one of his busiest restaurants in order for more people to enjoy it. Museum exhibit cases fill the corners and walls of this interesting McDonald's restaurant.
Visit at 9061 Route 30 in North Huntingdon PA -- Half a mile west of I-76 and I-70.
TRIVIA - Big Mac® used to weigh in at 810 calories in the Midwest when I was a manager! Its slimmer version today yields "only" 540 calories.
Big Mac Museum Restaurant
© 2012 Patty Inglish MS
Kathy Stoltzfus on December 29, 2016:
On your next visit to PA, check out an old POW camp - Camp Michaux - near the Pine Grove Furnace State Park. As a Pennsylvanian, this historical site is nearly unknown to many people and a fascinating place to check out the ruins. See the article http://www.schaeffersite.com/michaux/history-dave-... for more info.
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 05, 2016:
@William F. Torpey - Thanks for those memories - too bad the Smorgasbord is gone! Things change, but we still love Pennsylvania.
William F. Torpey on July 04, 2016:
I loved the old Willow Valley Resort. Went there several times when it was run by Mennonites before Hilton's Double Tree took it over. It still has the nice 9-hole golf course and the big pool, they tell me, but the great Smorgasbord is gone. Nice memories.
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on February 21, 2015:
Good for your Aunty! I really enjoy PA. Glad you posted a comment!
Thomas James from London on February 20, 2015:
My Aunty lives in Pennsylvania, Love the place, and great hub mate, following you!
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 04, 2014:
Happy 4th of July!
mts1098 on July 04, 2014:
absolutely amazing that I have lived here 14 years and did not know about oil city, pretzel factories and the BIG Mac...I did recently stumble into silent hill, pa (like the video game) - interesting facts in this hub...thanks and cheers
Paul Richard Kuehn from Udorn City, Thailand on April 11, 2012:
This is a fantastic hub Patty! I visited Pennsylvania many times while I was living in Maryland. I especially liked to visit Lancaster and the Amish country. After reading this, I'll know where to get some great pretzels the next time I go back. I'm sharing this wonderful hub with my followers.
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 09, 2012:
breakfastpop - Bucks County sounds fun to visit; I see it mentioned in travel brochures quite often. Pennsylvania is great!
MickeySr - Your photos are quite interesting, along with donut history. Parts of my family went all the way west in the early and middle 1800s, but I think there were no donuts.
Rock-nj - Yes! In fact, I did a Hub on the Altoona/Horseshoe Curve.
Ardie - Bad news about the Hershey tours, isn't it? Sounds like they're getting too commercial and really, just like the Willie Wonka films.
William F. Torpey - There is so much to the golfing world, including local attractions, that we do not realize. Thanks for your experiences!
Maren-Morgan E-T -- From what I've been told, there are three figures on the fountain and each represents a river in PA. Fascinating.
WannaBWriter - The Quaker State Restaurant chain is pretty funny for me to see from the highway when I'm driving. I've never been in one, but will make a point to do so. Business trips too often leave little time for sightseeing and that is sad. Go back to PA as soon as you can. Thanks for writing.
Barbara Radisavljevic from Templeton, CA on April 09, 2012:
What a fantastic hub! Pennsylvania is one of my favorite states to visit. Unfortunately, the last two visits were on business and didn't leave as much time for touring as I would have liked. I've only been to one of the places on your list, and that was back in 1995. We also visited the Hershey Factory that year and it was still a tour of the factory. It was very impressive, since I'd read a biography of Hershey before we left home.
I hope I'll get a chance to get back to Pennsylvania. Funny I was so unaware of the oil connection -- especially since we have used Pennzoil and Quaker State and I never made the connection.
Maren Elizabeth Morgan from Pennsylvania on April 09, 2012:
Wow - I am a Pennsylvanian and I've passed the fountain in Logan Square many times without knowing the identity or story behind Wissahickon Girl. Also, Ive always found it bizarre that we 9the state) have a town named Jersey Shore in the middle of the state. Nice hub!
William F Torpey from South Valley Stream, N.Y. on April 09, 2012:
Pennsylvania is truly a great place to visit. I used to go there often, at least to the eastern part and around the Amish areas. The Lititz golf course is short, but enticing (but the course at Mount Airy Lodge is truly fantastic -- and 7,200 yards from the blue tees. The Willow Valley Inn and its great smorgasbord is my favorite.
Sondra from Neverland on April 09, 2012:
Hi Patty! I live in NE Ohio and PA is one of my favorite states to visit when Im looking for a travel/vacation destination that wont take more than two tanks of gas :) I saw Hershey mentioned in the comments and it was one of the places I wanted to take my children - but sadly I cannot. However I did take them to Idlewild - woo that was fun!! I have always been a fan of Mister Rogers. Great Hub - voted up
Lizam1 from Scotland on April 09, 2012:
Thanks you have given me a different perspective - perhaps somewhere to visit after all one day. The photos are great by the way.
John Coviello from New Jersey on April 09, 2012:
There's also the town of Centralia, Pennsylvania that has had an undeground mine fire since 1962 that continues to burn (for real). Also, Horseshoe Curve, west of Johnstown, PA, which is a railroading marvel and a State Park.
MickeySr from Hershey, Pa. on April 09, 2012:
(Patty ~ I think it was in one of my 'Those Photos That Tell A Story . . .' hubs that I wrote about my family's trek west and their bay area donut shops)
breakfastpop on April 09, 2012:
I love PA. I am especially drawn to the Bucks County area. It is filled with wonderful places to visit and terrific restaurants! Up and awesome, Patty!
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 09, 2012:
MickeySr - That is a real shame about Hershey; the ride sounds like the Willy Wonka movies. I am going to read about your donut history in your Hubs today and if I come back to PA soon, will make sure to get to the The Filling Station very early.
Janis Goad - Pennsylvania is packed full of interesting places, but then so are other eastern states. Thanks for reading!
jeyaramd - I would have sworn the Big Mac was invented in Chicago, since I used to be a mgr or the chain, but the inventor's name is so famous, it's got to be correct. Surely, the invention was announced form the Chicago-area offices and there's the mixup. While I like to have the sandwich once in a while, I think it's too expensive at $2.99 in Ohio. But, I'm told that back in the late 1970s, the Big Mac cost $7.00 in Hawaii. WOW!
Janis Goad on April 08, 2012:
Interesting hub!! I love to read about history and the ethnic communities that establish these places originally in the New World. Thanks for the vicarious tour.
MickeySr from Hershey, Pa. on April 08, 2012:
. . . actually, the chocolate factory used to be a great site not to miss - now (a few decades ago) they've replaced tours of the actual factory with Hershey's Chocolate World, a gift shop/chocolate making ride. When I was in school, maybe 5th or 6th grade (about 1965), one of the standard field-trips around here was a tour of the actual factory . . . at the end of the tour you got a little Hershey billfold-style wallet with pamphlets on harvesting cocoa beans, the manufacture of chocolate, Hershey Park, etc, and a Hershey bar.
My youngest son works in the factory's mail room and just came home the other day saying the last of the chocolate making employees were let go - all chocolate is now made completed off site . . . very sad.
The Filling Station is fully sold-out, empty of donuts by about 8am every morning . . . as I shared in one of my hubs, my family (Pansy Maude Essie Burton Wade Edwards) traveled across the country generations ago to settle in the San Francisco area and open donut shops. I come from a long line of donut aficionados, and these are great donuts. They take really good cinnamon buns, slice them in half like a hamburger bun, and fry them in a well-buttered skillet . . . ludicrously good.
jeyaramd from Mississauga, Ontario on April 08, 2012:
Surprised to know that the Big Mac was founded in Pensylvannia. Definitely, there are many wonderful incentives to visiting Pensylvannia. Thanks for sharing.
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 08, 2012:
Well, MickeySr, I'll put your great places in the Top 10 to visit instead of Hershey Chocolate. Nice neighbors you have; not boring. The Filling Station sounds interesting!
Turtlewoman - PA is my favorite state after Michigan. So much to do there!
Kim Lam from California on April 08, 2012:
Wow this is amazing Patty! You never cease to amaze me with your thorough hubs. I never knew the first oil well was dug in Pensyvannia. Very interesting. You make a good tour guide!
Voted up and awesome!
MickeySr from Hershey, Pa. on April 08, 2012:
. . . so what am I, chopped liver?! Visitors are (almost) always welcomed to my small but charming home located just next to the east coast's best donuts at The Filling Station restaurant, a few blocks east of the best Chinese food in central Pa at 99 Chinese and a few blocks west of the best pizza/sub joint in central Pa at A&M Pizza. Just 2 miles from the world famous Hershey's Chocolate Factory, on the right day, under the right atmospheric conditions (a bit humid & a good easterly wind) you can step outside my door and smell the chocolate.
(I am surrounded by lunatic neighbors who scream "I'm going to set fire to your car!" to passing motorists, but, the countryside and small towns are delightful)
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 08, 2012:
This Hub is a little longer than some I have done, but includes a few good facts about each location. It was fun to write as well. Thanks for reading jdavis88!
Joseph Davis from Florida on April 08, 2012:
Excellent Hub. Obvious explanation for the author score and the number of followers! Thanks for the example.