The Puglia (pronounced pool-ya) region—or Apulia, as it is known in English—is one of Italy's loveliest undiscovered gems. Among Italy's 20 different regions, Puglia is easily identified on the map, as it runs down the east coast of the country from the Gargano Peninsula all the way into the “heel of the boot”.
Puglia borders the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea, and in the south, it kisses the Gulf of Taranto and the Strait of Otranto. It has a population of just over 4 million within an area of 19,345 square kilometres.
Interestingly, Puglia is one of the largest and most populated of the 20 regions, yet it remains an enigma to many outside of Italy. The region is divided into six different communes, all of which harbor many reasons to visit. This made selecting just 10 reasons to visit quite difficult for this writer, whose love affair with the area began 5 years ago.
The area saw increased interest from foreign buyers worldwide starting in the 1990s, and the percentage of foreign residents now equates to approximately 2% of the population.
The 10 Best Reasons to Visit Puglia
In no particular order of preference, here are 10 of my favorite reasons to visit Puglia.
- The Gargano Peninsula Is Stunning
- It's Less Touristy and Less Commercial
- Bari, the Capital of Puglia, Has It All
- The Trulli of Puglia Are Beautiful and Unique
- Lecce, Pearl of the Baroque, Is an Architectural Wonder
- The Rustic Food Can't Be Beat
- Puglia's Beaches Are Breathtaking
- The People Are Vibrant and Hospitable
- Ostuni, the White City, Is a Historical Treasure
- Otranto Is Perfect for Sun and Sightseeing
1. The Gargano Peninsula Is Stunning
One of the lesser-known places in the region, this peninsula is one of the most important, interesting and varied areas in Puglia; it also boasts the area's most stunning vistas. Within the commune of Foggia, this sub-region is the most northerly part of Puglia.
A Paradise for Nature Lovers
With something for everyone, particularly the nature lovers, the peninsula includes the Gargano National Park (Parco Nazionale del Gargano), the Umbra Forrest (Foresta Umbra) and the Tremiti Islands.
The Gargano peninsula has lakes, hiking tracks, protected wildlife, medieval towns, historic sites, stunning beaches, caves and wonderful traditional food. The aroma of citrus is one you will not be able to avoid, as hundreds of lemon trees grow in abundance alongside the olive tree groves. Spending a week here is easy, and even then, you still may not see everything.
This is heaven for orchid lovers, with the largest amount of species growing in one place in all of Europe. Many varieties are unknown—such is the extraordinary number of these beautiful flowers here.
This area is, without a doubt, a must-see spot in my opinion. A visit to this former island is sure to be a highlight of your trip.
2. It's Less Touristy and Less Commercial
My reasons to visit here have to include it being less commercial. Yes, it has a tourism industry and gets busy in summer, but I still find Puglia to be so much more relaxed, friendlier and less commercialized than a vast many places I have seen in Italy.
Everyone is different and wants different things from travelling, but I find stepping outside my comfort zone refreshing and so much more beneficial. Puglia has unspoilt, beautiful beaches free of commercial businesses such as restaurants, shops, towering hotels and sun loungers.
Be Sure to Learn a Little Italian Before Visiting Puglia
Very few Italians in this region speak English. The bigger cities and towns will have more English speakers, but still not as many as you might expect.
My biggest tip is to be prepared and learn some basics; I know I did, and my pocket phrasebook was permanently in my handbag as I explored the region and certainly looks well used! My choice was the Lonely Planet phrasebook, and I find their books on Italy are excellent—a must for getting to know the place you are visiting.
3. Bari, the Capital of Puglia, Has It All
Bari is the largest city in Puglia, with an international airport, a major port and a wealth of reasons to visit. Situated in the commune of Bari, the city is a seaside gem that boasts an interesting historic centre which is constantly busy with visitors.
Within the historic centre (identified by its ancient city walls) lies a wealth of churches, monuments, piazzas, theaters and narrow cobble-stoned streets.
Architecture, History, Shopping, and More
A highlight includes Basilica di San Nicola, or The Church of Saint Nicolas. Regarded to be the resting home for Santa Claus, this is Bari’s top attraction. Built in 1087 to house the remains of the saint, the church features many different architectural styles, beautiful artwork and mosaics.
For shopping enthusiasts, head to Corso Cavour, Via Sparano and Via Manzoni.
A Great Home Base From Which to Explore the Rest of Italy
Bari makes a great base from which to explore the Gargano or venture further south down the coast to Lecce or Taranto.
It also has a busy train network which makes connecting with all parts of Italy very easy. A mere four-hour train journey west will have you in Rome if you fancy a day trip or want to divide your holiday time between the east and west.
Being a port, travel to nearby Greece, Turkey and the Balkans is an ideal opportunity to avail of visiting a new country, so keep it in mind.
4. The Trulli of Puglia Are Totally Unique
These conical-roofed stone dwellings are unique to Puglia. Originating in the town of Alberobello in the 16 century BC, the trulli spread throughout the nearby towns of Martina Franca, Conversano, Locorotondo and Cisternino.
Alberobello is known as the capital of these unusual and interesting limestone dwellings, with over 1,000 in existence, making it a must-see destination.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site
In 1996, it was designated a world heritage site by UNESCO. I have been inside a variety of trulli, and it is amazing to think entire families would have lived inside these tiny stone houses. Today many are restored and added to in order to make them more functional for modern living.
Properties may have a single cone or be multi-coned, with up to 10 "turrets". We looked at different properties to purchase in a trullo style, as we love their quirkiness, uniqueness and structure.
You Can Stay in a Trullo!
If you are visiting Puglia, you should avail of the opportunity of staying in one or renting one out. The experience will be unlike anything you'll find anywhere else in the world.
5. Lecce, Pearl of the Baroque, Is an Architectural Wonder
Another favorite place is the town of Lecce in the south, part of the Salento peninsula. Lecce is often referred to as the Pearl of the Baroque or the Florence of the South due to its staggering amounts of spectacular baroque-style architecture.
The beauty with Lecce is that it has everything—unparalleled history, architecture, great food and shopping. It is also near an international airport and port in Brindisi, making it a great base to explore the southern parts of Puglia.
Some of the best beaches in Puglia are located around Lecce, and where else can you enjoy a leisurely cappuccino within arm’s reach of an ancient Amphitheater, still partially buried?
Lecce is a popular holiday destination for many celebrities; Dame Helen Mirren even owns a property here.
6. The Rustic Food Can't Be Beat
The Puglia region is predominantly agricultural, and many of the locals continue to produce their own food and live off the land. They take a lot of pride in their traditional recipes.
40% of Italy’s olive oil production comes from Puglia, and the region is one of the main wine-producing areas of Italy. We have 15 mature olive trees that produce the olives suited for olive oil production which I cannot wait to use. My very own beautiful product homegrown and an essential cooking ingredient! We even have some grape vines growing on trellises. I would be more than happy with having some grapes to eat, never mind a bottle of vino.
An Abundance of Fresh Produce, Meat, and Seafood
With the amount of produce available, most of the cooking is good, rustic country food, with many recipes handed down through the generations. Ingredients such as tomatoes, onions, fava beans, durum wheat, courgettes, artichokes, chilies, peppers, beans, fennel, herbs, lamb and beef are commonly used.
Being a coastal region, the fishing industry is big in Puglia, and seafood comprises an important part of the diet here. Cuttlefish, mussels, anchovies, sea bream, red mullet and sea bass are regularly featured in recipes.
Orecchiette—A Point of Pride
Pasta is naturally a big favorite, but in Puglia, they take particular pride in their orecchiette pasta. These small, ear-shaped shells are made daily by hand by the Italian ladies and can often be found on a table outside their home in the towns.
If you wander up a side street in the morning, you are bound to see this. Why not stop and have a go? Many of these signoras will be only too delighted to show the art of making them. Traditional Puglia pasta is made with water, salt and durum wheat flour. No eggs are used.
Homemade Bread Worthy of a DoP Classification
Homemade bread is another favourite in Puglia. In remote villages, communal wood-burning ovens are still used by the locals for making bread; it comes in many shapes, sizes and varieties and accompanies every meal here.