Padre Island National Seashore: RVing and Birding on the Texas Gulf Coast
RV Camping at Padre National Seashore
Padre Island National Seashore
Padre Island, located along the Gulf Coast of Texas, is one of the longest stretches of undeveloped barrier islands in the world. It attracts migrating snowbirds like ourselves as well as thousands of migrating birds in the winter months. In our quest for beaches suitable for RV camping, we discovered that Padre Island National Seashore has one of the few places where RVs can actually drive on the beach to park near the water. Our very first experience RV camping on the beach was on South Beach of Padre Island National Seashore right on the Gulf of Mexico.
Winter Texans Migrate to Padre Island
As snowbirds, or ‘Winter Texans’ as the locals say, we joined the many Northerners who converge on Texas to escape the cold winter of northern climates. There is much to attract nature lovers to North Padre Island.
The Kemps Ridley sea turtles migrate to the Texas coast and nest from April to August between Galveston, Texas and Tamaulipas, Mexico. It is the smallest sea turtle and also the most endangered. This protected species is the only sea turtle known to nest in the day time. Its primary nesting territory is the Gulf Coast of Texas.
Camping on the Gulf of Mexico on Padre Island National SeashoreClick thumbnail to view full-size
Bird Watching on Padre Island National Seashore
Many winter visitors come to bird watch as more than half of the bird species in the U.S. are seen on Padre Island during the winter months. The National Park Service offers free birding walks led by knowledgeable volunteers or Park Rangers for those who would like help in spotting and identifying some of the species found here. We particularly enjoyed seeing the tall sand hill cranes that migrate here as well as pelicans, bitterns, skimmers, terns, long billed curlews, sanderlings, herons and other coastal birds at Bird Basin.
Camping on Padre Island
Padre Island National Seashore has several options for RV and tent camping. As we were traveling in an RV, we were concerned about availability of fresh water and a dump station. The important thing to know before you drive your motor home to the Padre Island National Seashore is that all campgrounds are dry camping only; there are no utility or water hookups at any campsites. There is one dump station and a place to get fresh water. Most self-contained motorhomes and trailers are perfectly equipped to handle a week or two of dry camping, but it is important to know ahead of time what to expect.
Royal Terns Visit the Beach on Padre Island.
RV Camping on North and South Beach of Padre Island
The first place we wanted to try camping was on South Beach where RVs and other vehicles can drive on the sand and park on the waterfront. The idea of camping right on the beach appeals to many people, and we were certainly anxious to try it.
Beaches on in Texas are considered highways, and the same driving rules apply to beach driving as to any Texas roadway. All vehicles driving on the beach must be legal street vehicles, and drivers must be licensed drivers.
Camping is free on the beach, but you will need to carry out your trash, and drive off the beach to the dump station when you need fresh water or need to dump. There is a chemical toilet and dumpsters at the entrance to South Beach. There are cold water showers at the Malaquite Visitor Center and a dump station and water filling station near the Malaquite Campground.
It is safe to drive 2-wheel drive vehicles on the beach from the access road and many people drive motor homes and campers out onto the sand where they can park at the edge of the Gulf of Mexico. However, anyone who drives on the beach does so at their own risk, and there are some important tips for driving on the beach.
Tips for Driving on the Beach
First: While the sand is usually compact enough for easy driving, you can get into trouble if you drive too close to the water's edge or if you drive into the softer sand closer to the dunes. Stay in the driving lanes! Although we've had a lot of experience driving our jeep in beach sand, driving a motor home was different. We ended up getting stuck because we drove too close to the dunes when turning around. Luckily, a Ranger came along to help get us out, but it was embarrassing.
Second: There may be times when the wind isn't blowing, but we've never experienced them. When the wind blows, it means that the sand is blowing and will sift into your rig. Leaving windows open on the windward side of the rig can mean lots of sand in everything.
You'll See Many Sanderlings and White Pelicans on Padre Island.Click thumbnail to view full-size
Camping at the Malaquite Campground
The Malaquite Campground is near the Malaquite Visitor's Center and is designed or RVs and motor homes. There are also 6 tent sites here, although tent campers are also allowed to set up their tents on the beach. Sites are quite close together, but each one has a shade shelter or picnic table of its own. The row of campsites on the beach side face the Gulf of Mexico, though you need to walk to the beach entryway to get out on the beach. Like most National Park campgrounds, this one does not have either electric or water hookups. There are restrooms with flush toilets and cold water showers. There is a dump station and a fresh water filling station just outside of the campground where you can empty your waste tanks and get fresh water. Be sure to read rules about use of generators carefully as the Park Service has strict rules about generator hours. You won't want to plan to use your microwave or electric appliances to make meals only to find out that you aren't allowed to run your generator.
The beach in front of the campground is a great place to walk or to watch birds. Pelicans make frequent flights along the edge of the water and are fun to watch as they dive for fish.
Driving is not allowed on the beach in front of the campground, so it's a pleasant place to walk or watch birds. The camping fee at Malaquite Campground is $8 a night. Holders of the Golden Age or American the Beautiful Senior pass will get a 50% discount.
Bird Island Basin in Padre Island National Seashore
Bird Island Basin in Padre Island National Seashore is a great windsurfing and camping spot.
Bird Island Basin Camping, Windsurfing and Birdwatching
We discovered the Bird Island Basin Campground after we had already tried camping on South Beach (too windy) and camping at the Malaquite Campground (too close together). Bird Island Basin campground is on the Laguna Madre, a shallow saltwater lagoon with a sandy bottom. Camping here is primitive, with no dump stations or showers, but it is by far the nicest place to camp if you want privacy and a beautiful view. This is also an ideal location for kayaking, windsurfing, birdwatching and fishing.
Camping at Bird Island Basin is $5 a day or $10 for an annual pass. There is a 50% discount for holders of the Golden Age, Golden Access or America the Beautiful Senior Pass. There are chemical toilets near the camping area, but, when you need to dump or get fresh water you will need to drive back to the dump and water filling station near the Visitor Center.
Graceful Windsurfers Come to Surf on Bird Island Basin
Bird Island Basin is used as a training location for beginning windsurfers as well as more experienced sportsmen. Those who are interested in trying the sport can rent equipment and sign up for lesson at the store not too far from the camping area. Camping right on the water's edge, we had a perfect view of beginner and expert windsurfers skimming the water and executing their complicated maneuvers in Bird Island Basin.
Front Row Seat
Campsites at Bird Island Basin are parallel to the water, so we were able to park the RV with the door facing the water and set chairs and a table out in front of it. This gave us a front row seat for watching the many different kinds of birds that feed and swim in the shallow water. We often saw white pelicans, bitterns, great blue herons and other birds almost within arm's reach. In the evenings, the day visitors and windsurfers went home, and we enjoyed the beautiful sunsets on Bird Island Basin in quiet solitude.
A Long Billed Curlew Hunts on the Water's Edge.
Reddish Egret Walks in the Shallow Water on Bird Island Basin.
Bird Watching on the Central Flyway
Padre Island is on the Central Flyway, a major migration route for birds traveling between North, Central and South America. Over 380 species of birds, over half the bird species of the U. S., may be on Padre Island each year. Because of this, many bird lovers come to Padre Island during migration season to watch birds.
The Island provides a range of habitats including beach, coastal prairie, dunes, grasslands, wetlands and ponds which supply the bird population with an abundance of food and protection. The location makes it an important and necessary stopping point for migrating birds who need to stop to rest and for resident birds who use the diverse habitat for nesting and breeding. There are 13 threatened and endangered species on Padre Island. Concerned volunteers and staff of the National Seashore are working to conserve habitat that will increase numbers of these threatened and endangered species.
We were pleased to be able to view several of these rare birds during our stay on Padre Island including the Wood Stork and the Reddish Egret.
If you visit or camp on Padre Island, be sure to bring your camera, bird field guide and your binoculars or spotting scope. There are so many birds that you'll become a bird watching enthusiast even if you weren't one before your visit.
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© 2011 Stephanie Henkel