My Trip to China in 2016

Updated on January 26, 2018
jackclee lm profile image

Jack is currently a volunteer at the Westchester County Archives. Jack has worked at IBM for over 28 years.


This Spring, I had the opportunity to visit China for a two weeks vacation tour. We were part of a group that was guided by a local Travel Agency out of Guilin. It is no exaggeration that this was a trip of a lifetime. We have visited quite a few locations throughout China and saw some amazing things. I took notes along the trip so I could report on what I saw and experienced. I've learned quite a bit of Chinese history and culture from our guides. Overall, it was a great vacation even though it was very exhausting.

- May 2016

Where Did We Go?

My wife and I joined a group of friends on a tour of China. This was no ordinary tour. Our trip took us over 1000 miles into seven cities starting in Beijing and ending in Hong Kong. We had traveled by bus by bullet train and by air flights and stayed at some of the finest Hotels. This tour was 6 years in the planning by the organizers and we were very fortunate to be included in this venture.

Our journey started in Beijing, flew to Datong, drove by bus to Pingyao, road bullet train to Xian, took flight to Guilin, took a 4 hour ride on a day cruise down the Li River, and finally flew to Shenzhen and Hong Kong. The following map charts most of our path. Some others in the group took an additional 3 days cruise on the Yangtze river.

Our Path...

The Great Wall

Some Background

My wife and I are first generation immigrants from Taiwan. We came to the US many years ago and have been living in NY for over 40 years. We do speak the Mandarin language which is beneficial in China since it is the official dialect. This was my first trip to Mainland China. I had recently retired and this was one of our planned trips to see our homeland. My wife's family is from Sitchuan province and my family is from Shangtung province. However, we consider ourselves to be Americans and New Yorkers. My wife have been to China on 2 previous occasions. This was an unique trip all together.

Over my career at IBM, I had the opportunity to visit quite a few countries around the world and were familiar with the various differences of culture and economics. I have heard from relatives and friends about China and it's growing influence and wealth and wanted to see first hand the changes taking place there. I was not disappointed.

Masses at Forbidden City

Number One Pit

Xian City Gate

My Impressions of China

After spending 2 weeks there, I came away with a new understanding of China and the Chinese people. Despite our differences between China and the US on the government level, the people are pretty much the same. They want the same things, a better future for their children and family.

The main challenge for China is the vast number of people. Even with the one child policy for the last 30 years, their population is still 1.3 Billion, that's three times the US population with approximately the same land area. The new wealth gained from trade and adopting the western capitalistic economic system have helped many large cities but for the most part have left the countrysides behind.

There is no question that China's long history of contributions in culture, philosophy, architecture, science and engineering were in full view during my trip. From the Great Wall to the many temples to the terracotta warriors to the Buddhist shrines and old cities, the human accomplishments were inspiring and to be respected.

Instead of focusing on the many tourist sites which were impressive, I want to devote the rest of my commentary on modern China in 2016. China has many challenges ahead. They have a long way to go, in my opinion, in reaching the comparable state of America. Not that America is perfect but there are fundamental differences that make it harder for them to achieve greatness.

Bullet Train

Traffic on Street

Illegal Taxi

BYD Electric Vehicle

People with Face Masks

Some Constructive Criticism Part I

The following is a summary of comments and suggestions that I came away with during my trip. The opinions are just that, a personal observation along with my personal bias. However, I want to stipulate at the outset that they are made in a genuine effort to help China improve going forward and not meant to be a negative criticism in any way. I have divided my observations into 10 major area. I'm sure I'm not the first to make these observations having spoken to others that have visited China.

1. Population - The population rate and in specific, the ratio between men and women of marrying age in China is an on going problem. By current statistics, the ratio of men to women is currently 1.057 to 1. Since the institution of the one child policy in 1980 and now phased out in 2015, the controversial policy has long term implications for the Chinese people. By that number, there may be 28 million men that may not be able to find a wife. One of the fact that I learned from our guide is that minorities in China are exempt from the one child policy. China is not as monolithic as one might think. The majority are the Han people which accounts for 91% of the population. There are several minority groups that includes Zhuang at 17 million. In addition, I learned from our guide that some young people today are choosing to have one child even though the relaxed regulation. The main reason is economics. It is expensive to raise a child and some parents are choosing to improve their economic status rather than have a second child. This policy will also have affect on the pension system and the care of seniors. I don't want to debate the merits of the one child policy but in my opinion, it is better to let the people have the choice whenever possible. Collectively and individually, they will do what is best for their own situation. This is one of the tenets of Democracy and Conservatism.

2. Environment - Air and water quality is a major problem in China. Most of the areas we visited, have a smog atmosphere not unlike the US back in the 1970's in LA and NYC. Also, clean drinking water is not readily available. Bottled water is common and a necessity and tap water must be boiled before they can be consumed. One area we visited in Datong is a major coal producer and coal is still a necessary source of energy for the vast number of Chinese. The recent world view on Climate Change and the reduction of fossil fuel emissions have caused some problems for the common people whose livelihood depends on coal. In my opinion, the air quality issue should be separated from the climate change agreements. China must focus on reducing smog emissions so that the people can live in a clean air environment. It is a benefit for their health along the same line as reducing smoking in public places. China has a long way to go in educating the local populace on the cancer causing effect of smoking. On a positive note, I was surprised to find many electric Taxi and Buses being used along with electric scooters on the streets of the main cities. This helps reduce the emissions but much more needs to be done with gasoline and diesel automobiles and trucks. This problem is solvable as we have done here in the US. Having clean air and clean water is a basic necessity of any civilization.

3. Traffic and Transportation - The traffic in China is horrendous. I have to give kudos to all our bus drivers on this trip. They have shown skill and patience and stamina on the streets and roads traveled. The problem is not just congestion which we have in many major cities and highways. The problems I see have to do with several factors. Besides of the volume of cars and scooters and tricycles and bicycles and pedestrians sharing the same roads, it is the lack of respect for traffic signals and laws. The lane markings seems to have no effect. Cars and vehicles will move to any spots that are vacant. It is not unusual to see a motor scooter going the wrong way and the drivers seems to take it in stride. I am reminded of Thoreau's Walden Pond and "the masses of men leading a live of quiet desperation."

Some roadways are so narrow, it seems only one car or bus can pass and yet it is a two way road. For some unexplained reason, it seems to work. I saw very few accidents on this trip even though there were many close calls. I was surprised by the high number of electric scooters and buses and Taxis. Still, it makes little dent in the pollution problems of large cities. The one bright spot was the bullet train that we were on from Pinyao to Xian. It is fast, very quiet and well organized. There were individual assigned seats similar to airplanes and it ran on schedule. It is a much better experience than trying to get through airports. By the way, I see many drivers use cell phones and drive at the same time. It seems to be accepted practice. The one violation that was issued to our driver was during a check point stop before entering a highway and it was for a malfunctioning seat belt for the driver.

My only observation here is that Google should perform there road test of their self driving cars on Chinese roads. If they can make it there, they can make it anywhere.

4. Hygiene - There are several parts to this and they includes the availability and quality of public restrooms. Many places that we visited lacks proper toilets and toilet paper. Another issue is the odor that seems to be everywhere. I was told by some that part of the problem is the construction of sewers and drainage pipes. It seems that many lack the simple U trap in drains which prevents odor from seeping back into the air. Finally, almost everywhere we went, no matter cities or countrysides, the common practice of most homes of hanging laundry off the balcony. For some reason, they don't seem to have electric dryers. All these detract from the quality of life for citizens and visitors.

5. Personal Behavior - Common etiquette is somewhat lacking from some of the local population. They include public spitting, talking loudly on cell phones in public, shouting across the room in restaurants and just walking down the side walk and not observing simple right of way. I see people walking on streets where cars or scooters would beep their horns to no avail. The people just kept walking as if not a care in the world among the congested chaos. I realize some of this may be small notions but they should be taught in schools as part of civility and for the public good.

A Temple

Some Constructive Criticism Part II

6. Censorship - In our hotels and wifi hot spots throughout China, I had trouble connecting to many of the news sites and to Google search engine. I was told by one of our guide that some web sites are blocked by the government. It is hard to determine which sites are under scrutiny because I am not sure whether it is due to poor connection, low bandwidth or intentional censorship. As a true believer in freedom of choice, I find this unacceptable. A government should not be in the business of censoring information. The people should be respected enough that they be given the access and let them decide what is best.

In a way, I view government as taking the role of our parents.They want to watch over us when we are young to protect us and keep us safe. At some point, they need to let go and let us make our own path. Government should not be the gate keeper of information. A free society works better when knowledge and information is freely available and exchanged.

An odd thing I should note as far as Gmail is concerned. Even though it is part of Google and supposedly blocked, I was able to at times download some emails on my Gmail account via my iPad. The problem is not all email came through. The one thing worse than not getting access to your email is getting only some and not others. The total breakdown of communications ensues.

7. Education - One of the items related to us by our guide is the education system in China. Apparently, in China, every person is restricted to the region of their birth. They must attend schools within their own district region. This seems rather arbitrary and limiting. I can understand this for grade schools but not for advance degrees. A student should be able to pursue their education choices based on their own merit and scholarship.

8. Economics - In this area, I am actually optimistic. From hearing our guides, they seem to get it. They are talking about copying our success economically. How they embrace the virtue of private ownership, hard work and pursuit of excellence and better education. It is ironic that in 2016, a communist country like China is adopting free enterprise and limited capitalism while in America, our young people are supporting Bernie Sanders for President, a self professed socialist.

9. Borders and Airport Security - One of the area that needs reform badly is the border situation and the airports. It is so difficult and time consuming to cross border between Shenzhen and Hong Kong. It could take easily an hour or more to cross the two check points. I am told some people and students do it everyday.

The airport security check is the strictest I've experienced. Every individual is checked by a wand for minutes after going through the metal detector. China is the only place I know of that a spot check of your luggage is conducted upon leaving the secure area. I'm not kidding.

If China is going to be a world leader, they need to fix this inefficiency at the airports. You cannot expect people to spend two and a half hours to make a one hour flight from point A to Point B.

10. Religion - I was also surprised to learn the lack of religious influence in the daily lives of average citizens. Apparently, even in wedding ceremonies, religion has no role in modern China. They have many traditions and rituals when it comes to marriage and may rely on superstition and Feng Shui to pick the specific date. Even though we visited many Buddhist and Tao temples during our trip, it seems they serve more for tourist attractions than for official ceremonies. It is a sad commentary on leaving the rich historical past of many great religions. It reminded me of my visit to St. Petersburg, Russia years ago. I was able to visit many of the local Cathedrals that were preserved but serves no real purpose.

A quote from John Adams, one of our Founding Fathers -

"We have no government armed in power capable of contending in human passions unbridled by morality and religion. Our constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate for the government of any other."

Sun Moon Pagodas in Guilin

A Slideshow of Our Tour on Youtube

Thanks to my son Jason for putting together this slideshow of our trip. It is approximately 8 minutes long. It included 3 music pieces that accompany the show. They are some of my favorite tunes.

1. Green Island - a classical Chinese song that is a favorite of all Chinese. The melody is very relaxing.

2. Rachmaninoff's Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini - It was the theme song in the 1980 Movie "Somewhere in Time" with Jane Seymour and Christopher Reeves.

3. It's a Wonderful World - sung by my favorite artist Louis Armstrong.

I hope you enjoy the show...

A Video Tour of China 2016


I want to thank our tour guides and the bus drivers during our long journey through China. They have provided many details on Chinese culture and personal life stories that enriched my understanding of China and the Chinese people. The skill of the drivers in maneuvering around city traffic and winding mountain roads and dealing with unruly drivers are to be commended.

I also want to thank Odyssey Tours and our tour planners for taking the time to organize such an exotic tour itinerary. The trip went as planned and without miss steps or surprises which is a testament to their knowledge and expertise. They are professionals in every sense of the word and I thank them for a well executed trip.

Count My Blessings

As I am sitting here by my computer, I couldn't help but be grateful for my many blessings. I always believe that many Americans take things for granted. They have no idea of what goes on in another country less fortunate. We are the luckiest people on the face of the earth. I am grateful for the clean air in our town, the peace and quiet of our neighborhood. I am grateful for the clean water that runs into our houses and the sewer system that takes away our waste. I am grateful for the vast variety of fresh produce and meats in our supermarkets. The convenience of jumping into our cars and driving anywhere we wish. The nice roads with law abiding drivers and the convenience of EZpass. I am grateful for my freedom to access the WEB without censorship and the freedom to voice my opinions however unpopular without retributions. I am grateful for our Bill of Rights that guarantees freedom of Religion and of Speech and of the Press...and our Constitution. I thank God everyday that I live in the freest country in the world.


I am glad to make this trip of a lifetime to China. I felt I can contribute to it's progress in some small way by making some suggestions for improvement. I want China to succeed and in the process help the world succeed. We have many challenges as a world facing stagnant economic growth, environment destruction and increased tension on borders and threats of terrorism. Any progress in reducing tension and increasing prosperity will go a long way to help. Thanks for reading. I look forward to comments and feedback.

Questions & Answers

    © 2016 Jack Lee


      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      • Ben noon profile image

        Ben noon 9 months ago

        Hi Jack, Id like to complement you on a very well written detailed guide, its great to read about your adventures in such detail and despite living in China myself for a couple of years and visiting these places first hand I learned a lot from reading your post. Many thanks for sharing and I look forward to reading many more of your posts in the future. Cheers, Ben

      • profile image

        Sabrina 12 months ago

        Thanks you very much for your comment

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 23 months ago from Yorktown NY

        Thanks Patty for the kind comments. I do think my writings have benefitted from our writing workshop. The feedbacks and critique helps me in all my writings.

      • profile image

        doc snow 23 months ago

        Yes, in China. But China is, after all, a highly protected market. And you'll note that Tesla is far and away the strongest foreign entry.

      • profile image

        Patty Young 23 months ago

        Wow Jack! First and foremost I am so very glad that you and your wife had the opportunity of a lifetime to enjoy and immerse yourselves in such an amazing country. I'm also very grateful you shared your travels the way you did. It was wonderful to read and see and understand a lot of what is going on in a country where the parent is the gov't. Your insight and gift for details that many would overlook are refreshing and real - making it much easier for a person like myself to grasp. Thank you again for sharing! I think it is wonderful!

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 23 months ago from Yorktown NY

        Doc, thanks for the info. It does seem BYD is doing better than Tesla in the mass electric car market.

      • Doc Snow profile image

        Doc Snow 23 months ago from Camden, South Carolina

        Jack, an update on Chinese EV sales:

        Interesting to observe.

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 24 months ago from Yorktown NY

        Marcia/Vicki, thanks for your comments. We enjoyed the trip of a lifetime with the whole group.

      • profile image

        Vbchin 24 months ago

        Thank you for such a magnificent blog. Your perspective, analysis and photos of our trip was enlightening. Being a 4th generation Chinese American, I've taken things for granted but each time I return to China I've learned to appreciate what we have in America. China has made a lot of progress in the past 15 years but it is still undergoing changes. They have definitely surpassed American technology in their train system! My greatest enjoyment in returning to China is visiting the historical sites of my ancestors. This trip as well as our group have seen and experienced more in a short period of time. Thank you for being part of the group.

      • profile image

        Marcia B 24 months ago

        Awesome blog, even better slideshow. Thank you. China was such an unbelievable experience for us and we really enjoyed everyone in our group and hope to meet again some day.

      • profile image

        carlo evangelisti 2 years ago

        jack I enjoyed your article.. welcome back

      • Doc Snow profile image

        Doc Snow 2 years ago from Camden, South Carolina

        An under-appreciated aspect of China today is the massive deployment of renewable energy. This new story about that reports that the nation added 30 gigawatts of wind capacity last year--by comparison, the next largest addition was in the US, at just 8.6 GW. (Other large adopters in 2015 were, in order, Germany, Brazil and India.)

        China's pollution problems are enormous, as Jack reported, but efforts to address them are also very impressive. The predictions made by some that China would 'do nothing' to address carbon emissions despite the commitment made in the bilateral emissions pact with the US are certainly not being borne out so far.

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 2 years ago from Yorktown NY

        Connie, with regard to the cloth hanging, it is a bit more complicated. I am told it is a cultural thing with the Chinese. Many expensive high-rises have similar clothes hanging on balcony. They don't trust the electric dryers and prefer the natural sun to dry their clothes. I'm sure some are also wanting to save electricity costs.

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 2 years ago from Yorktown NY

        Connie, I think you are right about Hong Kong. As with many metropolitan cities, there always will be rich and poor areas. My comments relating to Hong Kong is based on a very short stay. However, I did notice the disparity between Hong Kong and Shenzhen which is only across the border.

        I do think the local Chinese people gets it. They see the disparity between a free market economy in Hong Kong and the Communist system and they are convinced which is the better path forward. It will take them a while but the young people will make the difference.

      • profile image

        Connie Sadek 2 years ago

        Enjoyed you're article. too bad you couldn't see the hidden parts. Hong King maybe for the rich but it is made possible by the poor workers

        I haven't been there in a long time but somethings have not changed The Hong Kong I remember had

        crowed housing . In Hong Hong they hung out ther wash because there was no choice

        living in crowed apts shared day and night the window wash was an attempt to be clean. I was surprised that the Sanitary conditions were still

        so bad and the traffic so poorly regulated. I think when bicycles became cars everyone still drives

        as they did on a bicycle.

      • bradmasterOCcal profile image

        bradmasterOCcal 2 years ago from Orange County California


        Thanks for the clarification. Anyway, it sounds like you had a great trip.

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 2 years ago from Yorktown NY

        bradmaster, You are correct in your observation on Hong Kong. It is for the rich for the most part. I only spent a day there and it was impressive. In fact, one of the world travelers I met commented on this. She said besides the USA being the best place in the world, she thinks Hong Kong is number 2. I'm not sure I agree but that is her opinion having traveled all over the world.

      • Doc Snow profile image

        Doc Snow 2 years ago from Camden, South Carolina

        Thanks for a thoughtful response, jack. I mostly dropped by again so soon because I came across this (randomly), and thought it cast an interesting sidelight on the topic:

        A 1 gigawatt concentrated solar plant is a huge step up in scale--but China is not afraid of scale, is it?

        In a way, it's relevant to what you said in your comment. It's not the case (though it's often thought of this way) that the UNFCCC treaty on climate constitutes 'some agency at the UN or Paris' telling local authorities what to do. The whole structure of the treaty, the whole essence of it, is that signatory member states decide *for themselves* what they do to reduce emissions, and how they will do it. That's why the term "INDC"--for "Intended Nationally Determined Contribution"--is used.

        And while many folks have decried the lack of some kind of 'enforcement mechanism' in the treaty, IMO it's 'not a bug, it's a feature.' The reason that so many nations have signed the treaty and created INDCs is that they realize that there is not, in fact, time to waste.

        The time to quit smoking is not when you already have cancer; similarly, the time to transition away from fossil energy is not when the hundreds of billions of dollars of losses--which we experience now, and which are not too hard for a $77 trillion global economy to absorb--escalate to trillions.

        By taking on projects like the Shenhua one, China is making the transition I'm talking about AND cleaning the air--which as you say is vitally important. No contradiction, and no apparent 'distraction.'

        Now if only they started making some progress on freedom and the rule of law, too! Both of us would, I'm sure, be very glad to see that!

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 2 years ago from Yorktown NY

        Doc, Thanks for reading and commenting. I didn't intend to bring up the controversial topic of climate change as relate to coal but I will say from my observation that many of the locals in the countrysides are scratching a basic minimal living and living in very poor conditions by our standards. It is not for us to dictate to them what is good energy source. The low cost and availability of coal is the primary driver. My point is, separating clean air policies from renewable energy is just pragmatic. Clean air and water is a more immediate need while climate change by contrast is a much longer time scale. We know we can fix the smog by cleaner car emissions and cleaner power plants. That should be the main focus for China and many parts of the globe. Injecting climate change is a distraction and may actually inhibit progress on the other fronts by diverting resources and focusing on something that may not be prime time as yet. I still believe in the free market as the best way to resolve energy issues going forward. Along with my other belief in the conservative view that locals have the best idea of dealing with many issues that affect them directly given their particular circumstance, not some agency at the UN or Paris.

      • bradmasterOCcal profile image

        bradmasterOCcal 2 years ago from Orange County California


        I only mentioned it because you had it on your list. It seems like mainland China has changed over the years. Now they are leaning to capitalism for business, but still retaining their desire to be a super military power.

        The last 15 years or so now that Hong Kong is under the control of China should have had some difference to the place. Yes, Hong Kong is like the Dubai of China. It seems to be a fascinating place, and it is where much of the wealthy people in China live. Plus there is Vegas like gambling close by.

        I think the city is an engineering marvel.

        Taiwan is also a place to view how they have changed since China has enveloped them.

        I didn't mean to sidetrack your focus on this hub.

      • Doc Snow profile image

        Doc Snow 2 years ago from Camden, South Carolina

        Thanks for your observations, jack. Of course, as you already know (or could predict), I don't see any reason to separate air pollution and climate change issues--particularly when many of the causes are common to both problems. Reduce coal use, and you reduce both problems. Coal is still necessary, but only because it is a legacy infrastructure, and takes time and investment to replace. With the rapid advance of renewable energy in China, accompanied by growth in nuclear power as well, I expect Chinese coal use to continue to decline over time.

        From what I've read, the 'hukou' system--by which one's place of birth affects not only access to education, as you mention, but also access to all kinds of services, is a big issue. Since there is large migration from countryside to cities, where the opportunities exist, large numbers of citizens are really stuck in a 'second-class' status. And of course, such a thing is anathema to a free society.

        There's a helpful summary of the policy here:

        Thanks again, I appreciate your first-hand account!

      • profile image

        maggie 2 years ago

        It is the best travel log I have read. And it is quite helpful to Chinese people as well as the foreign travelers who are planning to come to China!

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 2 years ago from Yorktown NY

        Broadmaster, I didn't say much about Hong Kong because it is not really a part of China despite the return of Hong Kong from British control back in 1999. Hong Kong by all measure is a western style entity. We had dinner one night in the Intercontinental Hotel by the harbor and it was the most expensive meal I've had even in America. It is a modern city with high rises and thriving trade. The strict border control going back and forth between Hong Kong and Shenzhen should tell you something.

      • bradmasterOCcal profile image

        bradmasterOCcal 2 years ago from Orange County California


        Well done travel log on China. I didn't see anything on Hong Kong, which is like the Dubai of China. Plus they aren't based in Mandarin, at least not historically, and I wondered if that was a problem for you. Of course you could read the Chinese characters but the language is different.

        As far as the American Bill of Rights, today that is more of the dream than the reality. China also has the most extensive and modern of the high speed rails in the world. While we, the most powerful country in the world cannot get it going here.

        Thanks for sharing.

      • jackclee lm profile image

        Jack Lee 2 years ago from Yorktown NY

        Savvydating, thanks for the compliments. China is a force to be reckened with. They have a ways to go but we can learn from them as well. Worth the trip.

      • breakfastpop profile image

        breakfastpop 2 years ago

        I have to second Old Poolman in his comments. Your observations are priceless and you have provided me with a view of China and its people that I could not have obtained any other way.

      • profile image

        Jean Speer 2 years ago

        This is a wonderful summary of our trip. And I wholeheartedly agree with your suggestions for improvement and growth in China. It truly is a fascinating country with a long history of civilization but it has some great challenges ahead.

        I also enjoyed meeting and traveling with you and Christina. Wishing you happy and safe travels wherever your next adventure takes you.

      • profile image

        Old Poolman 2 years ago

        Jack - This is one of the very best travel hubs I have ever read. Your personal observations and comments made for a very interesting read.

        You are correct in regards to our taking things for granted that can be badly missed when we travel to other countries.

        Thanks for sharing this experience with us.

      • savvydating profile image

        Yves 2 years ago

        I've been researching Chinese culture; consequently, I found this piece particularly enjoyable. I remember the smog in California in the 1970's, and I agree that China must try to do something about this problem, separate from the issue of climate change. Maybe this is easier said than done as they are considered the "factory" of the world.

        I have a cousin who is the financial guy in charge of the new DisneyWorld being built in China. He stated that the Chinese have indeed embraced capitalism. He further stated that when he asks for a set amount of money to complete this or that project, there is no quibbling, nor endless meetings. Their answer is "Yes, just do it." In that sense, my cousin feels that the Chinese, in business, are quite efficient.

        Well, I could go on, but I've taken up plenty of space here. Just want to say that I really enjoyed this hub. Also, the photos are wonderful.


      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

      Show Details
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)