30+ London Fun Facts for Kids and Tourists

Updated on October 4, 2019
aa lite profile image

A Londoner through and through, this author never tires of learning about this incredible city.

Think this tower is called Big Ben? Think again!
Think this tower is called Big Ben? Think again! | Source

Facts About the History of London

  • Covering 620 square miles, London is not only the biggest city in Britain, but in all of Europe.
  • It was established as a Roman settlement, called Londinium, in 43 AD, almost 2000 years ago. Of course at that time, it was much smaller than it is now. Londinium occupied the area where the financial centre of London, often simply called "The City" or "The Square Mile," is now found.
  • Eventually, it spread out and now includes 32 boroughs—13 in "Inner London" and 19 in "Outer London." These include the City of Westminster, with its many famous buildings such as the Houses of Parliament, Buckingham Palace and Westminster Abbey.

The location of the British capital on the River Thames is no coincidence. The river played a very important role in allowing trade ships to bring goods to the city, which caused its growth.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The building commonly known as "the Gherkin"The bottom of the gherkin buildingThe inauguration of the Shard in May 2012
The building commonly known as "the Gherkin"
The building commonly known as "the Gherkin" | Source
The bottom of the gherkin building
The bottom of the gherkin building | Source
The inauguration of the Shard in May 2012
The inauguration of the Shard in May 2012 | Source

Modern London Facts

  • London now has the tallest building in the European Union, the Shard, which is 1,016 feet tall. It was opened to the public in February 2013.
  • London's famous clock tower has been telling Londoners the time since 1859, but it is often called by the wrong name. Big Ben refers to the bell inside the tower, not the tower itself, which is merely called "The Clock Tower."
  • The City, at the site of the original Londinium settlement, has many modern skyscrapers, as befits a financial centre. The most famous perhaps is officially called "30 St Mary Axe," which is far better known as "The Gherkin," for pretty obvious reasons, when you consider its architecture.
  • A whopping 204 nations took part in the 2012 Olympic Games. The Paralympics were remarkable in that they were given as much prominence as the Olympic Games and were just as popular with the spectators.

London is the only modern city to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games three times: in 1908, 1948 and 2012.

My favourite part of the Olympics opening ceremony was the Queen parachuting into the stadium with James Bond! Check it out below.

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The river Thames is so murky and dark because its muddy bottom is constantly stirred up by tidal currents.The Millennium Bridge wobbled so badly when it was first opened in 2000, that it had to be closed 2 days later.  The bridge allows people to cross between Tate Modern museum and St. Paul's, which you can see in the picture.
The river Thames is so murky and dark because its muddy bottom is constantly stirred up by tidal currents.
The river Thames is so murky and dark because its muddy bottom is constantly stirred up by tidal currents. | Source
The Millennium Bridge wobbled so badly when it was first opened in 2000, that it had to be closed 2 days later.  The bridge allows people to cross between Tate Modern museum and St. Paul's, which you can see in the picture.
The Millennium Bridge wobbled so badly when it was first opened in 2000, that it had to be closed 2 days later. The bridge allows people to cross between Tate Modern museum and St. Paul's, which you can see in the picture. | Source

Facts About the River Thames

  • The Thames is the longest river running completely in England. It is 215 miles long. Its source is in the Cotswolds, near the village of Kemble, and it spills into the North Sea near Southend.
  • The river appears very brown and dirty. This is because of strong tides constantly stirring up its muddy bottom.
  • The river's name is pronounced "Temz". Of course, this is not the only word in the English language that is not pronounced as it is spelled, but it is curious for such an important landmark. One theory I had heard was that Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband, could not pronounce "Thames," being German. So as not to embarrass His Highness, everybody said the name the way he did. However, a more likely explanation is that the name of the river was always said with a "t" from Celtic times. The change to a "th" was made by some intellectual snobs who wanted to make it sound more Greek. But the change never took hold in spoken English.
  • The oldest bridge crossing the Thames is London Bridge. Until 1209, it was wooden; it was then replaced by a stone bridge, followed by granite and finally concrete.
  • The newest bridge is the Millennium Bridge, opened in June 2000 to commemorate the new millennium. It was quickly closed two days later because it was very wobbly, but it reopened in February 2001. I have been on it and it doesn't seem to wobble now.

Have you been to London?

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The pelicans in St. James Park first arrived in 1664 as a gift from the Tsar of Russia.For a metropolis London has a lot of green spaces.It's very gracious of the Queen to allow her subjects to relax on "her" lands.
The pelicans in St. James Park first arrived in 1664 as a gift from the Tsar of Russia.
The pelicans in St. James Park first arrived in 1664 as a gift from the Tsar of Russia. | Source
For a metropolis London has a lot of green spaces.
For a metropolis London has a lot of green spaces. | Source
It's very gracious of the Queen to allow her subjects to relax on "her" lands.
It's very gracious of the Queen to allow her subjects to relax on "her" lands. | Source

Facts About the Royal Parks

  • In the past, the Royal Parks were owned by the kings and queens of England (hence why they are called Royal). They were mostly used for hunting. Presumably, in those days there was more forest and fewer flower beds.
  • There are eight Royal Parks: Regent's, St. James, Kensington Gardens, Greenwich, Bushy, Richmond, Hyde and Green Park.
  • They became open to the public by the Crown Lands Act in 1851. Before this, unauthorised access and poaching were punishable by death, and worse.

There are many ponds in the Parks, with a variety of waterfowl. All the swans in England, not just in the Royal Parks, are the property of the Queen. Catching and eating swans is technically an act of treason!

  • St. James Park is pretty special because it has pelicans. The first pelicans to live there were a gift from the Tsar of Russia to King Charles II. The latest gift, three great white pelicans, came from Prague in March of this year.

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Inside Westiminster's AbbeyAbbey CloistersWestminster Abbey at Night
Source
Inside Westiminster's Abbey
Inside Westiminster's Abbey | Source
Abbey Cloisters
Abbey Cloisters | Source
Westminster Abbey at Night
Westminster Abbey at Night | Source

Westminster Abbey Facts

  • Westminster Abbey is officially "the Collegiate Church of St. Peter." It is right next to the Houses of Parliament in Westminster and has been a "Royal Peculiar" since the days of Elizabeth the First, which means that only the monarch has jurisdiction over it, rather than Bishops.
  • It started as a Benedictine community in the 10th century. It was later rebuilt in 1042 by Edward the Confessor, who wanted to have the abbey serve as his burial place.
  • The Gothic building that survives today was built by Henry III in 1245.
  • Since William the Conqueror was crowned in Westminster in 1066, the Abbey has been the coronation place of all English and British monarchs (apart from Edward V and VIII, who were never crowned). Since 1308, every monarch has been coronated in King Edward's chair, which long housed the Stone of Scone (the Stone is now in Edinburgh Castle).
  • Westminster Abbey has also been the venue for many royal weddings, including that of William and Kate Middleton in 2011.
  • As well as a burial site for royalty, it is also the resting place of many famous British military figures, scientists and writers. It is one of the greatest honours to be buried in the Abbey. Some of the famous people buried there include Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens and Sir Winston Churchill.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The Tower of London is also on the banks of the ThamesThe tower included royal residence as well as prisons and fortificationsRavens at the tower are a tradition
The Tower of London is also on the banks of the Thames
The Tower of London is also on the banks of the Thames | Source
The tower included royal residence as well as prisons and fortifications
The tower included royal residence as well as prisons and fortifications | Source
Ravens at the tower are a tradition
Ravens at the tower are a tradition | Source

Facts About the Tower of London

  • The Tower of London—an enormous castle and fortress on the north bank of the Thames—was built by William the Conqueror in 1078.
  • Although initially it was used as a royal residence, it soon became better known as a prison, in which various important figures who had fallen into disgrace were held. Some of the famous prisoners include Princess Elizabeth, who later became queen and was imprisoned by her sister Mary.
  • Ravens have traditionally been kept at the Tower. Legend has it that if the birds ever abandon it, London will fall.

Fun Facts About the London Tube

  • The London Underground was the first underground system in the world. The first tube train journey took place on 9th January 1863.
  • Only 45% of the network is actually in underground tunnels. Most of the journeys in Outer London are overground.
  • The total length of the Underground tracks is 249 miles.
  • The shortest journey you can make on the tube is between Leicester Square and Covent Gardens. It is only 0.16 miles, but you would still have to buy a Zone 1 ticket for it, which if you paid cash would work out at £4.50. This would make the cost £28 (about $42) per mile, making it one of the most expensive journeys out there.
  • On February 13th, 1944, US talk show host Jerry Springer was born at Highgate Station, where his mother had taken shelter during a Luftwaffe bombing raid.

© 2013 aa lite

Comments

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    • profile image

      Veer 

      7 weeks ago

      Perfect

    • profile image

      kevin 

      8 weeks ago

      nice awesome imformations

    • profile image

      boii 

      2 months ago

      good

    • profile image

      Naria 

      3 months ago

      Thank you sooo much

    • profile image

      Jeff 

      4 months ago

      The best

    • profile image

      Yng.R 

      5 months ago

      Ofc I live in London☺️

    • profile image

      Epic games 

      9 months ago

      In our game fortnite there are big ben i tilted Towers, this side is bad

    • profile image

      jeff 

      10 months ago

      i love it! sooooo good

    • profile image

      Shining Night 

      13 months ago

      Can you add more facts please???!!!

    • profile image

      lol 

      5 years ago

      Hi aa lite

      Congratulations on HOTD and so well deserved on this hub. I've been in London many times both for work and hols. Love the bit about the ticket trips. You'd think they would make that one journey free just for good will.

      Great job. Voted up and shared.

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 

      6 years ago from Wales

      A brilliant read and so well infomred.

      Will share with my family for sure.

      Eddy.

    • profile image

      Lesleysherwood 

      6 years ago

      As a Londoner myself I loved this article. I have re-shared it to my facebook page. Thank you.

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 

      6 years ago from malang-indonesia

      Very informative hub. I love travel topic. London is one of beautiful city in the world where we can find several historical places here. "The Gherkin" is my favorite. Nice review and very well written. Thanks for sharing with us. Voted up!

      Prasetio

    • Mark Ewbie profile image

      Mark Ewbie 

      6 years ago from UK

      Great hub, lovely pics and London is a great place to visit. A lot to do. I think the Tube is brilliant as part of getting around easily and finding the next spot on the tour. City seems pretty clean too these days.

    • whonunuwho profile image

      whonunuwho 

      6 years ago from United States

      Very interesting work and well received my friend. whonu

    • aa lite profile imageAUTHOR

      aa lite 

      6 years ago from London

      Thanks SB! Yep those boat tours are very popular. I have to say I just really like walking by the river in Central London. No chance of getting lost, even for a completely disoriented person like myself.

    • aa lite profile imageAUTHOR

      aa lite 

      6 years ago from London

      Thanks Hashem!

    • aa lite profile imageAUTHOR

      aa lite 

      6 years ago from London

      Thanks BeBrown, glad you enjoyed it!

    • aa lite profile imageAUTHOR

      aa lite 

      6 years ago from London

      Thank you very much Sneha!

    • aa lite profile imageAUTHOR

      aa lite 

      6 years ago from London

      Thanks Toytasting, the parks are very pretty, when the weather allows one to enjoy them. I've recently heard that there are big bat colonies in one of the parks, that one can see hunting by the water at dusk. So this is my next project, I really want to go and see that!

    • profile image

      summerberrie 

      6 years ago

      Took a tour boat down the Thames during a layover on my way to Uganda. Great little tour. Oldest buildings I've ever seen in person. Great hub. Congrats on HOTD.

    • profile image

      mjkearn 

      6 years ago

      Hi aa lite

      Congratulations on HOTD and so well deserved on this hub. I've been in London many times both for work and hols. Love the bit about the ticket trips. You'd think they would make that one journey free just for good will.

      Great job. Voted up and shared.

      MJ

    • profile image

      hashem860 

      6 years ago

      That's a very useful hub aa lite . Thanks for it

    • BeBrown profile image

      BeBrown 

      6 years ago

      Great hub, congrats for making it to Hub of they day!

    • Sneha Sunny profile image

      Sneha Sunny 

      6 years ago from India

      Wow. Very interesting read! Congratulations for being selected for HOTD. Rated and voted up!

    • Toytasting profile image

      Toy Tasting 

      6 years ago from Mumbai

      Hey aa lite, this is a wonderful hub. Couldn't take my eyes of the Royal Parks - they look beautiful. Congratulations on HOTD, truly well deserved. Cheers!

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