How to Prepare for Your Visit to Kruger National Park

Updated on May 12, 2016

Have the best Kruger experience

Having traveled through Kruger so many times over the last 12 years has given me some good insight into the do's and don'ts and how to get the best out of a game viewing experience. I would like to share my hint and tips but I'm hoping to get some interaction from others who have traveled through Kruger as well because I am pretty sure I will not have covered everything at the end of this article. But, here goes........

Which is the best time of year to go?

The short answer is ....what are you hoping to see?.

Allow me to explain:

In that part of the world we have a Tropical Climate. The main thing to remember is that Game movement and concentration is governed by the availability of water .

The dry season is from May to October. After good Summer rains the dams may hold good amounts of water to sustain the animals through most of the dry season.

So, around September is generally a good time to be in the park as the grass is low and animals are easier to spot.

During the rainy season the grass is longer and game is less easier to spot, however the animals would choose the path of least resistance to move around and you have a good chance of seeing animals in or along the roadside. They will however also be more wide spread.

November and December is an excellent time of the year for the bird lovers.

BUT......Be aware that the above scenarios are not cut in stone. There are years when water is scarce due to low rainfall. You have to consult with the park, directly, or with people who go there regularly or with you Tour Operator.

Self-drive or 4x4Game-drive

....The million dollar question.

Some people prefer the self-drive option because they enjoy being in an air-conditioned vehicle or they do not enjoy traveling with a group.

My choice is to do the Game-drive option and by that I mean to book yourself onto a 4x4 open vehicle and do your viewing that way.

....and the third option is a Game Walk. This is possible but only on the concessions like Lukimbi in the Southern part of the park. However, there is an age limit of 60 years.

4x4 Game-drive

The advantages are plenty:

  • you have elevation and can see further to spot animals
  • you have a professional Field Guide on board
  • There is very little danger of being trampled or attacked by big game
  • On the private concessions you are allowed to go off-road to view the Big Five and you are allowed to do night drives.
  • you are allowed to use the gravel road which big coaches are not
  • the Guides are in touch with each other by 2way radio to inform of sightings
  • in some parts of the park, only these 4x4's may go off-road for the Big5 sightings
  • you experience the sounds and smells of the bush
  • when viewing Elephants, they often come right up close to the vehicle and if you were allowed to you could actually touch them
  • you have advantage of more eyes on the bush looking for animals

If you're in a group on an open vehicle then please consider the following:

  • Always obey your Guide
  • drink lots of water to stop yourself from dehydrating
  • When viewing animals, do not speak loudly
  • Consider your fellow passengers to afford them an opportunity to take pictures as well
  • you may have situations where some people in the vehicle are not able to take a picture. Offer to take the pictures for them
  • If you have been lucky to get a seat on the side of the vehicle, then consider rotating seating with someone who has been sitting in the middle seats

Finding the best seat:

The vehicles can handle 10 passengers. The seat configuration on the 4x4 vehicles are as follows:

1 seat next to the driver

3 rows of 3 seats each on the back of the vehicle

The very last row on the back gives the best elevation and panorama

  • However, if you're driving on bad roads it's the worst for your back. It's very bouncy back there

The middle row is the most constricted

  • Very few complain about sitting here. However if your sitting between 2 people, it's a problem

The front row offers great views and you're close to the Guide

  • It's the easiest of the seats to get in and out of

The front seat is lower than all the others but you're right next to the driver

  • Elderly people who have difficulty climbing onto the back of the vehicle prefer this seat

But you....

  • You do not want to be sitting between 2 people. People who are afraid of the wild animals prefer this position.
  • You do want to be sitting on the side...any one of them


Here are some tips and ideas for a great self-drive experience.

  • make sure that you purchase a map of the park and an animal checklist
  • plan your route
  • consult the spotting chart at the rest camps. Each camp has a chart indicating where various animals have been spotted in the park on that day
  • Start your drive the moment the park opens in the morning. The best times are when the weather is cool.
  • water holes are good places during mid-morning and generally during the dry periods
  • speak to other travelers at the rest camps to hear what they have seen etc.
  • YOU CAN HIRE A SUITABLE VEHICLE IN KRUGER. If you are a local or a Tourist you may want to hire a vehicle more suitable for Kruger Park conditions once you're there. Just follow the link and you can exercise that option.

The down-side of self-drive:

  • You miss out on a lot of game viewing since you do not have the networking advantage of the game drive vehicles
  • Your chances of spotting game vs an experience game ranger.....???????
  • you do not have the height advantage of a 4x4 vehicle
  • Have you ever tried jostling for space with 4x4's, huge coaches and other vehicles at a viewing. It can turn ugly....and it has.
  • You often have little clue of what you're looking at.
  • You end up, more than often, disturbing other people to find out what they're looking at.


When you arrive at a viewing you have to consider others as well.

  • Do not hog the best spot and block the view of others. Take pictures and move along
  • do not force animals out of the road because you're in a hurry
  • never blow your horn
  • When you come across animals like Lion and Leopard on the roadside and you've positioned your vehicle favorably, turn off your engine. Often the noise from the engines and air-conditioners can disturb the animals
  • Share information of sightings with others along the way


  • Binoculars...there are great advantages in using high quality equipment. Get professional advice
  • need one which will be able to capture animals from a distance. The little digital pocket camera is not great for this
  • A cellphone with local connection and emergency numbers
  • Batteries...always carry an extra set
  • Memory Cars...always carry spare ones
  • Insect repellent..especially on the open vehicles
  • Sun Lotion...very important. wear it
  • Wear a sun hat. Choose one blocks the sun but has ventilation
  • Bring your hiking pole/stick
  • a water bottle which you can take along on hikes
  • insect repellent
  • Map...get one to plan your route. Do not purchase the ones at the front gate. Buy one, from a shop inside the park, which has the animal pictures in the back section and an animal check list inside

General Information

  • Time-keeping is very difficult on a game drive. If you're on your way to lunch and suddenly there are Lion in the road, you're definitely going to be delayed

  • If you need to take medication, consider the point above
  • The park has operation times and if you do not leave on time you're liable for a penalty
  • You are not allowed to step out of your vehicle unless in a designated spot
  • Should you experience a breakdown, stay in your vehicle and try to draw the attention of passing traffic by flashing your lights
  • Toilets are available at the rest camps only
  • There is a Bank, ATM and a Post Office at the main rest camp, Skukuza

It is very important to familiarize yourself with the rules and regulations of the park. Please note that there are speed limits in the park that must be adhered to. There are many traffic officers monitoring the roads. Beware also of speed checking devices....AND NEVER GET OUT OF YOUR VEHICLE INSIDE THE PARK unless in designated spots.

Happy Game Viewing.....

Lone Elephant Bull
Lone Elephant Bull

4x4 Vehicle

Typical 4x4 open vehicle for game viewing
Typical 4x4 open vehicle for game viewing
Sunset from our snack stop spot in Kruger
Sunset from our snack stop spot in Kruger


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    • Johnathan Muller profile imageAUTHOR


      9 days ago from Cape Town, South Africa

      Hi Di, excellent stuff. Just keep going and you'll figure it out. It's great that you're trying something new because I think first timers write with such clarity, simplicity and honesty. It makes for a fun read

    • Di Robinson profile image

      Di Robinson 

      5 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      Hi Jonathan, great hub. I've just completed a hub on the Big 5 and my next one will be practical facts about Greater Kruger. I'll make sure I don't repeat what you have said and will also link to your hub, if I can. I'm new here and still learning.

      Thanks for your informative hub


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