The 20 Most Famous and Amazing Rock Formations in the World

Updated on August 30, 2019
srsddn profile image

While I have a great appreciation for manmade wonders, nothing comes close to the beauty of the natural world.

Nanya Rock Formation, Taiwan
Nanya Rock Formation, Taiwan | Source

We all yearn to spend time in nature, and thankfully there's no shortage of incredible sights to enjoy; from mighty mountains and roaring waterfalls to thick forests and beautiful beaches, we're spoiled for choice. In this article, we will explore one natural phenomenon in particular—rock formations.

Whether for their shape, components, location or beautiful surroundings, tourists have long been drawn to these spectacular-looking rocks. Many of them are huge, and viewing them is breathtaking. Here, I endeavour to showcase 20 of the most incredible rock formations in the world.

On earth there is no heaven, but there are pieces of it.

— Jules Renard

20 Breathtakingly Unique Rock Formations

  1. Aphrodite's Rock (Cyprus)
  2. Old Harry Rocks (England)
  3. Uluru, a.k.a. Ayers Rock (Australia)
  4. The Arbol de Piedra (Bolivia)
  5. Mt. Tai's Immortal Bridge (China)
  6. Khao Ta-Pu, a.k.a. James Bond Island (Thailand)
  7. Kannesteinen Vågsøy (Norway)
  8. Balancing Rock (Canada)
  9. Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area (Mexico)
  10. Ashima, Shilin Yunnan (China)
  11. Giant's Causeway (Northern Ireland)
  12. Horseshoe Bend ( Arizona, USA)
  13. Painted Cliffs (Tasmania)
  14. Kjeragbolten (Norway)
  15. Faraglioni dei Ciclopi (Italy)
  16. Wave Rock (Arizona, USA)
  17. Loch Ard Gorge (Australia)
  18. Split Apple Rock (New Zealand)
  19. Devil's Tower (Wyoming, USA)
  20. Nanya "Peculiar" Rocks (Taiwan)

Warning: The following content may induce wanderlust!

Aphrodite's Rock, Cyprus
Aphrodite's Rock, Cyprus | Source

1. Aphrodite's Rock (Cyprus)

This is one of the most famous spots in Pafos, a coastal city in Cyprus. It is also known as Petra tou Romiou, which means 'Rock of the Greek.' Its popularity is linked with Greek mythology and the belief that Aphrodite—the goddess of love, beauty, procreation and pleasure—was born here. There is a belief that swimming around Aphrodite's rock brings one eternal beauty.

Old Harry Rocks, England
Old Harry Rocks, England | Source

2. Old Harry Rocks (England)

Located about 10 kilometres south of Poole and Bournemouth, these rocks are over 60 million years old (dating from the Cretaceous Period). The erosion caused by the constant lapping of the sea means these chalk formations are ever-changing. In fact, this erosion has taken away Old Harry's 'wife', which has been reduced to a stump visible only during low tide. This UNESCO World Heritage site at the end of the Jurassic Coast is simply spectacular.

Ayers Rock (Uluru) at Midday
Ayers Rock (Uluru) at Midday | Source

3. Uluru, a.k.a. Ayers Rock (Australia)

If one has to name a natural landmark in Australia, there is none more famous than Ayers Rock, also known as Uluru. Located in the Northern Territory (Central Australia), this sacred sandstone rock formation is one of the world's largest monoliths, having a height of more than 318 metres (or nearly 1,000 feet). A trip around the rock's base would be around 9 km.

The image above shows Uluru at midday, but the changes in its colour are most impressive at sunset and sunrise.

Enjoy the Changing Colours of Uluru

El Arbol de Piedra, Bolivia
El Arbol de Piedra, Bolivia | Source

4. The Arbol de Piedra (Bolivia)

The Arbol de Piedra is another stunning example of geological erosion; over millennia, strong winds have rendered this volcanic rock formation thin at its base. Situated in the Desierto Siloli in Bolivia about 4,600 metres above sea level, the uniqueness of this isolated rock lies in its resemblance with a stunted tree.

Immortal Bridge, Mt. Tai, China
Immortal Bridge, Mt. Tai, China | Source

5. Mt. Tai's Immortal Bridge (China)

Believed to be from the Ice Age, the rock formation on Mount Tai in the Shandong province of China is composed of three huge boulders and several smaller ones. Mount Tai is a sacred mountain in China; perhaps the sacred connection led to this amazing formation being named the "immortal bridge".

Khao Ta-Pu (James Bond Island), Phang Nga Bay, Thailand
Khao Ta-Pu (James Bond Island), Phang Nga Bay, Thailand | Source

6. Khao Ta-Pu, a.k.a. James Bond Island (Thailand)

Those who have seen the James Bond movie The Man with the Golden Gun will recall this famous rock in Thailand's Phang Nga Bay. Part of the Ao Phang Nga Marine National Park since 1981, this 20-metre-high limestone rock (which increases in diameter towards the top) is frequented by tourists. However, in order to avoid damage to this fabulous limestone formation, restrictions prevent boats from going too near.

A Close-Up of James Bond Island

Kannesteinen Vågsøy, Norway
Kannesteinen Vågsøy, Norway | Source

7. Kannesteinen Vågsøy (Norway)

Supported by a narrow trunk, this huge stone is located in high water near the village of Oppedal in the Municipality of Vågsøy. This giant, mushroom-like rock clocks in at 3 metres tall and is thousands of years old. It was formed artistically by the might of the sea, which eroded some parts of it to give it a spectacular shape.

Balancing Rock, Canada
Balancing Rock, Canada | Source

8. Balancing Rock (Canada)

Believed to be standing for thousands of years, Long Island's Balancing Rock at Digby Neck seems to defy gravity. The columnar basalt rock has defied erosion and is standing tall at about 9 meters in height. Its lack of much visible support makes it a unique natural attraction.

The Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area, North Mexico
The Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area, North Mexico | Source

9. Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area (Mexico)

Another rock formation that has long attracted tourists is the Hoodoos, spread over an area of about 26 square kilometres in northwest Mexico. (The site has been declared a protected area, as a large number of fossils have been found here.) The Hoodoos' unique shape is due to the sandstone's differential resistance to erosion. Surprisingly, the topmost part (called cap rock) is normally the hardest, protecting the softer parts of the rock below.

Located mostly in the dry and hot desert areas, the size of the Hoodoos varies from 5 feet to over 100 feet. Similarly, their structures also show wide variations in mineral composition, affecting the colour and density of the rocks and resulting in many different visible layers caused by erosion.

Ashima in Shilin Yunnan, People's Republic of China
Ashima in Shilin Yunnan, People's Republic of China | Source

10. Ashima, Shilin Yunnan (China)

This limestone formation is a part of the Stone Forest, which is spread over about 400 square kilometres in Lunan county (Yunnan province) of the People's Republic of China. The countless stone formations in the Forest have different shapes—from high pillars and camel humps to elephant shapes—caused by the fury of nature millions of years ago. Ashima peak is believed to be the incarnation of Ashima, a Hani girl, and is respected greatly.

Giant's Causeway, Northern Ireland
Giant's Causeway, Northern Ireland | Source
Giant's Causeway almost looks man-made.
Giant's Causeway almost looks man-made. | Source

11. Giant's Causeway (Northern Ireland)

A UNESCO Heritage Site located in the County Antrim in Northern Ireland, Giant's Causeway is a splendid show of the aftermath of a particular kind of volcanic activity. These interlocking basalt columns, numbering nearly 40,000, are formed by the rapid cooling of lava that has been pushed through fissures in the ocean floor. They are mostly hexagonal, and so perfect that they give the impression of being man-made. This site continues to be a major tourist attraction in Northern Ireland.

Horseshoe Bend at Sunrise
Horseshoe Bend at Sunrise | Source
Horseshoe Bend at Sunset
Horseshoe Bend at Sunset | Source

12. Horseshoe Bend (Arizona, USA)

Just outside of Page in Arizona, there is an amazing site called Horseshoe Bend. Over millennia, the Colorado River has cut a deep gorge in the rock, which wraps around in a breathtaking horseshoe shape.

There can be dramatic changes in the brightness of the images one gets at different times of the day with changing positions of the sun. It is sometimes scary for the tourist, as there are no guard railings at the edge of the cliff. For another angle, you might enjoy taking in the rock formation from a raft on the river below.

Painted Cliffs, Tasmania
Painted Cliffs, Tasmania | Source
Painted Cliffs, Tasmania
Painted Cliffs, Tasmania | Source

13. Painted Cliffs (Tasmania)

Those interested in geological periods will undoubtedly enjoy seeing the Painted Cliffs of Maria Island in Tasmania. The percolation of groundwater through the sandstone millions of years ago left traces of iron oxides, thus creating a 100-metre stretch of beautiful patterns that look almost like paintwork. The weathering of the crystals has now formed honeycomb patterns, but it is still magical. The abundant wildlife around makes it an even more incredible spot for tourists.

Kjeragbolten, Norway
Kjeragbolten, Norway | Source

14. Kjeragbolten (Norway)

One of the most popular tourist destinations in Norway, Kjeragbolten is located in a crevasse of Kjerag mountain. It is a giant, rounded bolder which has been stuck solidly in the crack in this mountain for years. Adventurous tourists take pleasure in standing at the top of Kjeragbolten. Though access to this unique formation is not as frightening as it looks, actually stepping out onto the rock is still a very daring endeavor that is surely not for the faint of heart. Surprisingly, many tourists are not afraid of dropping from the cliff, which is about 1,000 metres high . . . or at least not too afraid to miss a golden photo opportunity!

Faraglioni dei Ciclopi, Sicily, Italy
Faraglioni dei Ciclopi, Sicily, Italy | Source
Faraglioni dei Ciclopi at Moonrise
Faraglioni dei Ciclopi at Moonrise | Source

15. Faraglioni dei Ciclopi, Sicily (Italy)

On the east coast of Sicily, you will find Aci Trezza, a beautiful town situated near Catania and home to the famous Faraglioni dei Ciclopi. Known as the Island of Cyclops, the bizarrely shaped rocks are called Faraglioni di Trezza by locals. Its rocks are of volcanic origin linked to the first activity of the famous Mount Etna in 1669. The site is of great archaeological importance and attracts many tourists.

The Wave Rock, Arizona, USA
The Wave Rock, Arizona, USA | Source
Wave Rock, Arizona
Wave Rock, Arizona | Source

16. Wave Rock (Arizona, USA)

Snapping photographs is a delightful activity, nowhere more so than at Wave Rock in Arizona. Deciding on the best angle is a challenge, as every degree of change only makes the formation more fascinating. A visit to this magical sandstone rock formation is an incredible hiking experience, though it can prove to be a harsh desert-like one, depending upon the prevailing weather conditions.

Note: Due to its fragility, access is restricted to only to 20 people per day, so plan ahead!

Loch Ard Gorge, Australia
Loch Ard Gorge, Australia | Source
Loch Ard Gorge (Now Tom and Eva, after collapse), Australia
Loch Ard Gorge (Now Tom and Eva, after collapse), Australia | Source

17. Loch Ard Gorge (Australia)

Loch Ard was a clipper ship that was wrecked while heading to Melbourne from England in 1878. The ill-fated ship had 54 passengers and crew, out of which only 2 survived. Both survivors washed into a cave now known as Loch Ard Gorge. It is a part of the Port Campbell National Park in Victoria, which is popular among tourists for relaxing and swimming. However, erosion is taking place even now at this southwestern coastal landmark.

As a result of erosion, one of the massive limestone arches at Loch Ard Gorge collapsed in June of 2009. The resulting pillars are now known as Tom and Eva (after Tom Pearce and Eva Carmichael, the two passengers who survived). These two rock formations now look like the 12 Apostles formation nearby.

Split Apple Rock, New Zealand
Split Apple Rock, New Zealand | Source

18. Split Apple Rock (New Zealand)

Abel Tasman National Park on the South Island of New Zealand has a beautiful rock called Split Apple Rock. As you an imagine, an apple-shaped rock formation split in two due to the force generated by the freezing and expanding of water in a crack in the rock during one of the Ice Ages. A high-tide view of this granite rock is most fascinating.

According to Māori legend, two gods split this rock in two while fighting over it.

Devil's Tower, USA
Devil's Tower, USA | Source

19. Devil's Tower (Wyoming, USA)

Northeastern Wyoming has the honour of being home to the first United States National Monument—Devil's Tower. This geologically unique feature is quite sacred and is a place of worship for the Lakota and other tribes. The formation of this giant structure is still debatable, but most geologists consider it to be an igneous intrusion—a formation created by the underground cooling and condensing of magma. Interestingly, this tower remained underground (and invisible) for millennia, but erosion has since exposed it. This erosion is happening even now, due to rains and snow.

Nanya Rock Formations, Taiwan
Nanya Rock Formations, Taiwan | Source

20. Nanya "Peculiar" Rocks (Taiwan)

Enjoy Nanya, a fantastic rock formation located nearly at the 89-kilometre mark on the coastal Highway No. 2. A typical example of weathering and erosion due to wave action has culminated in the many unique formations found at Nanya, including the ice-cream-cone-shaped rock pictured above (and visible in the video below).

Your views on these rocks

Which one of these unique rock formations appealed you the most?

See results

© 2013 srsddn


Submit a Comment
  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    2 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    Thanks, snowman123.

  • snowman123 profile image


    2 years ago

    i liked them so much

  • Angel Jackson profile image

    Angel Jackson 

    2 years ago

    All so beautiful. The photos seem to capture nature's best masterpieces'. These photos seem to portray that the lord is an artist of many wonderful things.

  • profile image


    3 years ago

    your article needs more good rock formations, you don't even have the grand canyon

  • Kristen Howe profile image

    Kristen Howe 

    4 years ago from Northeast Ohio

    You're very welcome. You too!

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    4 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    Kristen, thanks for all the support. Enjoy your weekend.

    Chris, I plan to update my Hub soon and will take care of your suggestion. Have a nice time.

  • ChrisCampbell05 profile image


    4 years ago from Tampa, FL

    Beautiful. Don't forget the cliffs in Portugal.

  • Kristen Howe profile image

    Kristen Howe 

    4 years ago from Northeast Ohio

    Great hub! I love the photos and the descriptions you wrote about them. Two thumbs up!

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    6 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    gabriela, thanks for stopping by. I am glad you liked the rock formations. Have a nice week end!

  • gabriela 26 profile image


    6 years ago from romania

    beautiful.. amazing..

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    6 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    rdsparrowriter, Your enjoyment is my privilege. I am glad you believe in the creations of the Lord. Thanks for visiting and all the support.

  • rdsparrowriter profile image

    Rochelle Ann De Zoysa 

    6 years ago from Moratuwa, Sri Lanka

    Wow! Amazing work of the Lord you have captured here :) I enjoyed the pictures and it's so amazing :) Loved this :) Voted up , useful, awesome, beautiful and interesting :) God bless you!

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    6 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    colorfulone, thanks for visiting. I am glad you love nature.

  • colorfulone profile image

    Susie Lehto 

    6 years ago from Minnesota

    My,my, my. What an adventure in nature!

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    6 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    Thanks, Reeverose. I am glad you liked the creations of God.

  • profile image


    6 years ago

    Beautiful!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! I like it very much such a wonderful creation of God

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    Vishakha Bajaj, Thanks for visiting. I am glad you liked the pictures.

    creativeaqua, I agree with you. It can be a big list and accommodating all of them in one Hub would be uphill task. I am glad you liked it. Thanks for visiting.

  • creativeaqua profile image

    Yorja Rahmani 

    7 years ago from India

    Nice list! There are many other rock formations throughout the world. But I guess writing all of them in one article is impossible.

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    Mel Carriere, thanks for stopping by. I am glad you took interest in the rocks presented in my Hub. A stage came when it was difficult for me to select some and I wanted to represent maximum number of countries. I would try to add more in my next updating. Your continued interest is a great support. Have a nice time!

  • Mel Carriere profile image

    Mel Carriere 

    7 years ago from San Diego California

    Nice work as usual. I might have added or deleted a few, but then again I am biased toward the American Southwest, having lived here all of my life.

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    vibesites, Nature is great and it manifests itself in many ways. These rocks are really a proof of it. I am glad you like many of the rocks. Thanks for the support for this Hub.

  • vibesites profile image


    7 years ago from United States

    If I could only vote many more than just one rock! These rocks are awesome in their own way. I'm particularly charmed and intrigued by the Giant's Causeway, the "bridge rocks" in China and Norway, another rock in Norway that looks like an hourglass, Devil's Tower, the Wave Rock and the rocks at the Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area (the place looks like a setting for a sci-fi film). Nature is really amazing! Thanks for posting. Up and awesome, beautiful, interesting.

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    Elias Zanetti, I am glad you liked the pictures. This world is full of such beautiful creations and it is really difficult to list all. Thanks for stopping by and Voting/Pinning.

  • Elias Zanetti profile image

    Elias Zanetti 

    7 years ago from Athens, Greece

    Beautiful hub and pictures! The list with all these amazing and unique formations is great. Voted up and pinned.

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    ladydeonne, all of us love nature and its creations. My photos are an effort to depict a bit of it. I am glad you liked it. Thanks for stopping by and voting up/sharing. Have a wonderful day!

  • ladydeonne profile image

    Deonne Anderson 

    7 years ago from Florence, SC

    These photos of nature at it's best are terrific! I can always count on you to present the educational and the unique. Voted up and sharing.

  • srsddn profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

    brownella, I agree with you, time is really short for enjoying such incredible formations of nature and there are so many. I am glad you would be visiting some now and I hope you will share your experiences. Thanks for visiting.

    ComfortB, I am glad you love nature and nature manifest in many ways. Thanks for visiting my Hub and for voting it up as well. Have a nice time!

  • ComfortB profile image

    Comfort Babatola 

    7 years ago from Bonaire, GA, USA

    Beautiful work of mother nature. God is the greatest artist that I know. Thanks for sharing.

    Voted up and beautiful.

  • brownella profile image


    7 years ago from New England

    Beautiful pictures. I haven't been to any of the places you listed though I have been to Halong Bay and am planning on getting to the Bay of Fundy this fall which has some cool rock many things to see, so little time. Thanks for sharing :)


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