Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and attracts millions of tourists each year. This article provides you with some tips from the point of view of a local to help you avoid being a typical 'annoying tourist' and also helps you avoid some of the typical tourist traps.
One of the worst faux pas you can commit in Scotland is to believe you are in England. Scotland is not part of England, but a separate nation that joined with England in a Union in 1707 to form Great Britain.
In 2014 there was a referendum on whether Scotland should become an independent country. The result was close, but Scotland voted to stay in the United Kingdom. Regardless no Scot is happy about their country being mistaken as part of England.
The video below provides a handy guide on the difference between the UK, Great Britain and England.
(Also note we in the UK like to think of ourselves as different from the rest of Europe. We don't tend to talk of vacations to Europe, but holidays to Spain, France or Germany, as to us they are all distinct countries.)
During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries millions of people emigrated from Scotland to Canada, the United States, Australia, and many other countries throughout the world. It is great that their descendants wish to come and visit the country their ancestors came from. Just don't expect the locals to be really impressed that your 'great great grandmother came from the clan Campbell, and was brought up on the Isle of Skye'. There are millions like you.
Feel free to wear a kilt in Scotland whenever you feel like it. However you should be aware that most Scottish people only wear kilts on special occasions, for example to weddings or ceilidhs.
You are quite welcome to proudly wear your kilt whilst walking along Edinburgh's busiest shopping street, just bear in mind that it is most likely to identify you as 'wealthy American tourist who thinks he is Scottish' in the minds of observers.
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Despite what the owners of hundreds of shops in Edinburgh would like you to believe, your clan probably does not have its own tartan pattern going back hundreds of years.
There is evidence that highlanders wore tartan cloth as far back as the seventeenth century. It was worn in the eighteenth century by members of the Highland Regiment Clan, and there is some evidence to suggest that members of different families may have worn different colours so they could be told apart.
However the tradition of tartan as Scotland's national dress dates from the nineteenth century when it was popularized by George IV, and a romantised version of Scotland's past. The rules about which tartan you can wear depending on which family you come from all date from then. Admittedly some people do take tartan seriously, and if you are joining some sort of 'clan gathering' it may be worth researching properly. Otherwise approach your purchase with a degree of cynicism, and if your tartan happens to be a particularly hideous combination of colours, don't feel bad for buying a different one, and be aware that the tartan you buy in many of the tourist shops was most likely made in China anyway.
Also note that most 'clans' come from the North of Scotland. If your ancestors came from the Lowlands your links to tartan are even more tenuous.
One of the main reasons that American tourists have a bad reputation in Europe is that some of them talk VERY VERY LOUDLY.
Please remember that everyone around you does not want to hear your conversation.
Please try not to, especially if you are in a big group.
For example the tourists in the photograph below are blocking the pavement forcing anyone who wants to get past to walk on the busy road.
Tourists crowded around Greyfriar's Bobby in the rain
Greyfriars Bobby was a Victorian dog who, so the story goes, was so upset when his owner died that he spent the next fourteen years sitting at his owner's grave. A statue was erected in his memory in 1872 and can be found at the top of George IV Bridge near the corner of Chambers Street. In recent years somehow a rumour started that it was good luck to rub Bobby's nose. This has resulted in damage to the nose, so please stop rubbing it- there is no tradition of doing so.
Just down the road from Greyfriar's Bobby you can find a cafe called the Elephant House which advertises itself as 'the Birthplace of Harry Potter'. Except well, it isn't really...it was one of several cafes that JK Rowling visited when writing Harry Potter. The one which she spent most time writing in was a cafe around the corner on South Bridge called Nicholson's Cafe, which was owned by her brother in law.
Nicholson's Cafe has since closed down, and having been a Chinese restaurant for a few years, is now a cafe/restaurant called Spoon, with nothing to do with Harry Potter.
If you are looking for a coffee there are many many other places you could try. The Elephant House is packed with tourists taking photographs of its not particularly exciting interior, and outside is another hotspot for people blocking the pavement by taking photographs.
Most buses in Edinburgh don't give change, so have the correct fare ready or accept you are going to lose a few pence. Details of bus fares are displayed at most bus stops.
The bus drivers in Edinburgh are not well known for being friendly, but most of them will agree to let you know if the bus has reached a particular stop. Your fellow passengers might be able to help too.
There are many shops in Edinburgh that sell souvenirs that can be best described as junk, especially on the Royal Mile. Try not to encourage these shops by spending large amounts of money on overpriced shortbread, bags with 'I love Scotland' written on them, or Loch Ness Monster themed toys (Loch Ness is over 160 miles away from Edinburgh). Also note a lot of the merchandise in these shops is in fact made in China.
There are some shops that do sell good quality items made in Scotland. It is usually easy to tell them apart. If you aren't sure a good way to tell whether you should visit a tourist shop is the volume of bagpipe music blaring out from the shop. If you can hear the music from outside don't go in.
The British, especially the English are famous for queuing. A well known saying about the English is that:
An Englishman, even if he is alone, forms an orderly queue of one
The Scottish are possibly not quite so keen on queuing as the English are. Nevertheless in Edinburgh people do like to queue, i.e. stand in line and wait for their turn. Please don't barge to the front of queues.
Every August Edinburgh hosts a number of arts and cultural festivals including the Edinburgh International Festival and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. During this month Edinburgh hosts thousands of theatre, comedy and musical productions. If you are interested in this, then August is a good time to visit. If your main interest is in exploring Edinburgh Castle and other tourist sites, come during a different month, it will be a lot less busy.
Haggis is the national dish of Scotland. Some people will tell you it is made from the inside bits of the sheep. In actual fact the real haggis is an animal. Its legs are shorter on one side than the other in order to aid it in running round hills. If you are really lucky you may spot haggi running round Arthur's Seat. They are very fast though and notoriously tricky to photograph. Or at least that's what you might get told down the pub.
It is not pronounced Edin-borrow. It is Edin -bur-a or maybe Edin-bra if you are speaking quickly.
The main shopping street is called 'Princes Street' not 'Princess Street'.
Tipping is not mandatory in Scotland in the same way as it is in the USA. It is usual to tip in restaurants with an extra 10%, but not compulsory. Scots won't always tip at other places, and wouldn't dream of tipping at a pub when buying drinks. You can tip your tour guide or at your hotel if you like though, if you are an American tourist it may be expected.
It is no exaggeration to say that the British are obsessed with the weather. Scotland has a relatively mild climate compared to many other places, the problem with the weather is that is always changes. It can be brilliant sunshine one minute, and the next bucketing down with rain. You may want to be prepared for this eventuality. Bear in mind that if it is windy umbrellas are mostly useless.
Most people in Edinburgh are friendly, certainly more so than the majority of Londoners for instance. However some people in Edinburgh can be quite reserved (on average people through in Glasgow, and in other smaller towns in Scotland are more friendly).
If you want to strike up a conversation with a local a good way to start is to make some casual observation about the weather. e.g. "sunny today isn't it?", "shame about the rain".
Another thing the British are famous for is moaning. This article is partly just a moan about tourists. Part of it is not even true. It is also possible other locals will strongly disagree with me.
Please do come and visit Edinburgh! Just remember that the city does not solely exist for the convenience of tourists, people also live and work here. The same principles apply wherever you visit...
Edinburgh is one of the most beautiful cities in the world (but I am biased)
Questions & Answers
Question: Do you say " Edinburgh, Scotland or Edinburgh, United Kingdom?"
Answer: Either is correct and it might depend on the context, but I would usually say I’m from Edinburgh, Scotland if someone asked where I was from.
Question: Why do American tourists feel that it's fine to take a fish that I've literally caught five minutes ago and to throw it into the water?
Answer: I've no idea - that sounds like a very strange thing for someone to do! I've never heard of anyone doing this.