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Hot Springs National Park in Arkansas: Lasting Warmth and Charm

I live in Houston and have worked as a nurse. I have a lifelong passion for traveling, nature, and photography (preferably all together!).

Mission Revival style Bath building — Bathhouse Row at Hot Springs, Arkansas.

Mission Revival style Bath building — Bathhouse Row at Hot Springs, Arkansas.

Hot Springs

As a child, I had heard about trips that my grandparents had made to Hot Springs National Park in Arkansas, and it always sounded intriguing to me. Springs bubbling up out of the ground or water running down hillsides emitting steam seemed unique and certainly out of the ordinary. I wished to see this in person someday.

Bathhouses, where people could bathe in the naturally occurring hot water, and after bathing, get massages, seemed exotic to me as a youngster. When my mother and I planned a trip to Arkansas and Missouri in September of 1995, I ensured our route would go through Hot Springs, Arkansas.

There were two reasons. One was hearing about it from trips that my grandparents had taken. And the number two reason is that I have always loved seeing our national parks and had hoped to one day see them all.

Urban National Park FAQs

Hot Springs, Arkansas, is the only urban national park in existence in the United States of America. Most people think of vast expanses of natural beauty when thinking of national parks. The setting of this national park is unique. Established in 1832 as Hot Springs Reservation, this set-aside area began to protect the many hot springs that flowed from the base of Hot Springs Mountain.

People had discovered this site thousands of years ago. Artifacts from Native Americans, perhaps 10,000 years old, have been found in this area. They undoubtedly came to bathe and drink the clear waters, as well as hunt and live in this beautiful area.

Scientists have determined that the waters coming from these springs are approximately 4,000 years old or more. 850,000-gallons of mineral-rich water pours forth daily.

NASA ( National Aeronautics and Space Administration) folks discovered that the most important thing about this particular water is that it is naturally sterile! Because of this, the storage of rocks found on the moon is in this pure water.

The capping off of most of the springs is to protect the water from contamination, but a few are allowed to run free so that people can see what this area would have been like when the native people first discovered it.

People can bathe and drink these pristine waters without having the water treated with artificial chemicals to purify it. There are public fountains with the hot springs bubbling up where people are welcome to drink or even fill containers to take with them. Of course, my mother and I drank some of the mineral-rich hot springs water while there, and it is pleasant in taste.

The water averages 143 degrees Fahrenheit or 61 degrees Celsius and therefore emits steam wherever it flows and hits the cooler air temperatures.

Bathhouse Row

For many years, people thought that the chemical composition of the water would heal many ailments. Because of this, an industry sprung up around these hot spring waters. A group of nine buildings built and devoted to this water-based industry became known as Bathhouse Row.

The warm waters would have been soothing for people with arthritis and similar conditions, and the massages were relaxing. Whether or not healing took place for diseases, people kept coming to Hot Springs as the word spread about these warm and mineral-laden waters, especially as our population became more mobile with the automobile industry's growth.

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The Grand Promenade

There are also hiking trails and scenic drives in this Hot Springs National Park. The Grand Promenade right in the middle of town is a 1/2 mile hike and leads one to a point where one can look down upon the central business district. People with disabilities can easily access this area.

This was part of the rehabilitation regimen for visitors to Hot Springs.     Folks would soak and bathe in the hot springs at a bathhouse and then spend the rest of their day walking in nature along the Grand Promenade Hot Springs National Park

This was part of the rehabilitation regimen for visitors to Hot Springs. Folks would soak and bathe in the hot springs at a bathhouse and then spend the rest of their day walking in nature along the Grand Promenade Hot Springs National Park

The Fordyce

The Fordyce is one of the bathhouses in Bathhouse Row. It is centrally located in the string of eight other bathhouses and had its steady clientele plus tourists passing through its doors in the height of activity in days past.

Originally the bathhouses were simply tents over the hot springs or similar elementary structures. As time passed, wooden buildings took their place, but they often burned to the ground. Eventually, what is now known as Central Avenue in Hot Springs, Arkansas, is the protected creek put into a channel, roofed over, and housed under a road.

The government took an early interest in protecting this unique area, and portions of Hot Springs, Arkansas, became our nation's eighteenth national park. Health seekers all across the U.S. sought the healing waters that naturally occurred there.

The bathhouses became beautiful buildings embellished with marble and tiled floors and walls, statues, stained glass, fountains, and other artful surroundings. Each bathhouse competed with the other ones to lure customers into preferring their establishments for return treatments and entertainment. The playing of music and gambling took place. Dining rooms offered the best in food and drink. Meticulously addressed was every detail to make clientele want to return to that particular bathhouse.

The Fordyce was no exception. It exemplified the luxury offered to people seeking the healing waters and medical therapies. The Fordyce bathhouse opened in 1915. The Fordyce name originated from Colonel Samuel W. Fordyce. He claimed that the healing waters emanating from the hot springs saved his life.

Visitor Center

Suspending operations in 1962, the Fordyce became a Visitor Center for the National Park Service and today is open to the public to view the rooms and exhibits from the past. My mother and I explored the building and marveled at the luxurious use of building materials, including marble, tile, stained glass, etc. The men's areas are separate from the women's.

We now had a clearer understanding of why my grandparents enjoyed this place. Many of the original bathhouses today serve different purposes. However, one can still take in the luxurious spa experience and hot waters in the ones that are still operating, as in days past.

Vintage Postcards

Both of the postcards shown above were picked up by my grandparents when visiting Hot Springs National Park. The publisher for both of them was Connelly Press, Hot Springs, Arkansas. Both of them show the following:

"Genuine Natural Color Made By DEXTER PRESS, Inc., West Nyack, N.Y."

The writing on the back of the first postcard portrays this:


Hot Springs National Park - Arkansas - The Finest in the World - Byron L. Neimeyer, Manager"

On the second postcard, it reads:


Mr. and Mrs. H. Y. Westbrook, Owners-Managers

All new construction, furnishings. Tile baths. Kitchenettes if desired. Thermostatically controlled heat and Air-conditioning. Maid service and free television in rooms. Sleep in comfort and cleanliness. Plenty of parking space. Restaurants nearby. On Arkansas Hwy. 7 and U.S. Hwy. 70 at 815 Park Avenue, Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas. Phone NAtional 3-0297."

It is fun to see vintage postcards of what my grandparents experienced. Just knowing that we were retracing some of their steps made it enjoyable for us as well.

Hot Springs Mountain Tower

My mother and I walked on the Grand Promenade in town and had wandered through Arlington Park. We had viewed and drunk from hot springs. Before leaving, we made one additional stop in the park.

High above the city of Hot Springs on a hillside sits a 216 foot Mountain Tower. One can see a beautiful panoramic scene from the top of the structure. Looking down on Hot Springs, one views the Ouachita Mountains and surrounding Diamond Lakes amidst much greenery.

Initially built in 1877 by Enoch Woolman, it was a 75-foot structure. After being struck by lightning and being burned, a second tower was built and made of steel. Standing 165 feet tall and named the Rix Tower, it stood for over 60 years until being replaced by the Mountain Tower standing in this spot today.

An elevator takes one to the observation windows at the top of the tower for an excellent overview of the national park and surrounding area. It is worth a stop and look.

Hot Springs National Park is an area not only filled with 47 hot springs but its warmth and charm will stay with you if you are lucky enough to visit this Arkansas site. Who knows, you may even find your own "fountain of youth" there!


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2009 Peggy Woods

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