All About the Hindustan-Tibet Road (History and Route)

Updated on May 13, 2020
SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

Travelling on the Hindustan-Tibet Road was a marvelous experience. I was astonished by the sheer effort it took to build this road.

The Hindustan-Tibet road is commonly referred to as one of the most dangerous roads in the world.
The Hindustan-Tibet road is commonly referred to as one of the most dangerous roads in the world. | Source

The Hindustan-Tibet Road Connects Communities to Trade

While traveling along the Hindustan-Tibet Road, I was astonished by the sheer amount of effort that was put into its construction. It is incredible that they built the road with hand tools, without the help of modern machines.

Construction of the Hindustan-Tibet road in Himachal Pradesh began in 1850. It was quite the challenge, as it is located on one of the highest mountain ranges in the world.

The half-tunnels, manually carved through rocky cliffs, speaks volumes of the determination and dedication that the workers who built the highway had. The tunneling through the huge rocks at "Khimring Dhankh", a cliffy region of the the Hindustan-Tibet road, is still considered to be the largest stretch of rock tunneling for a road.

This 500-km road, stretching from Ambala to Kaurik, is often erroneously called National Highway No. 22 (NH 22). It passes through the foothills of the Shivalik Range, Shimla, Kingal and then runs along the Satluj Rive and passes through Rampur, Poari, and Pooh. From Khab to Sumdo, the road runs along the Spiti River. The 335-km stretch from Kalka to Wangtu, is under the control of the Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department, while from Wangtu to Korik, it is under Border Roads Organisation's jurisdiction.

The road once connected the formerly princely state of Rampur Bushair, the main entry point to Tibet. Over the years, however, it fell into disuse and was abandoned due to strained relations with China.

The road is gaining attention as a reliable alternative to NH 22 so that the local economy and trade with Tibet—through the Shipki La border post on the Indo-China border—could be revived.

That is why the road is now being repaired and reconstructed—the strata of the Hindustan-Tibet road is more stable than NH 22.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Baspa River flowing near Chitkul, the last inhabited village near the Indo-Tibet border.  Following the old Hindustan â Tibet route one goes through the villages of Jeoti, Wangtu, Tapri and Karchham.Snow capped peaks of Rohru Valley. Tranda Dhank on the way to Kinnaur alongside satluj riverSteep rugged mountains on both sides of the SatluDangerous road at Spiti Valley & Kinnaur
Source
Baspa River flowing near Chitkul, the last inhabited village near the Indo-Tibet border.
Baspa River flowing near Chitkul, the last inhabited village near the Indo-Tibet border. | Source
Source
 Following the old Hindustan â Tibet route one goes through the villages of Jeoti, Wangtu, Tapri and Karchham.
Following the old Hindustan â Tibet route one goes through the villages of Jeoti, Wangtu, Tapri and Karchham. | Source
Snow capped peaks of Rohru Valley. Tranda Dhank on the way to Kinnaur alongside satluj river
Snow capped peaks of Rohru Valley. Tranda Dhank on the way to Kinnaur alongside satluj river | Source
Source
Steep rugged mountains on both sides of the Satlu
Steep rugged mountains on both sides of the Satlu | Source
Dangerous road at Spiti Valley & Kinnaur
Dangerous road at Spiti Valley & Kinnaur | Source
Source

The Route of the Hindustan-Tibet Road

This road has been featured on the History Channel as one of the “deadliest roads” in the world. Built in the 19th century, the Hindustan-Tibet road, also known as the Silk route, begins from Ambala in Haryana as an offshoot of National Highway 1.

It runs through Punjab for 40 km in a section known as Ambala Chandigarh Expressway. From Chandigarh, it runs north towards Zirakpur and meets NH 64. Thereafter, it goes to Panchkula-Pinjore-Kalka and then enters Himachal Pradesh at Parwanoo.

With the change in the terrain, it becomes a mountainous road full of hairpin bends and continues north-east up to Solan and then goes northwards to Shimla. There, it joins NH 88, where it repeatedly crisscrosses the Kalka-Shimla railway, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. From Shimla, it heads northeast towards the Tibetan frontier.

About 569 km from Delhi and 28 km from Sangla, the Chitkul village in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh is the last inhabited village on the Indian section of this road before the Tibet border.

The road passes through the border town Khab and then runs for a short distance through Namgyal up to the Shipki La pass, where it ultimately enters Tibet. The Indian section of the road ends at the Line of Actual Control.

In reality, the road does not lead to the actual border. It ends about 90 km before the border—the rest of the road is under the control of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police, the Indian paramilitary force guarding the frontiers.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
It is the oldest, and the only road in the past, between India and Tibet. A great journey and trek  along the Sutlej River.It was the British Governor General of India Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) who ordered work to begin on the Hindustan-Tibet Road in June 1850.Hindustan Tibet Road / NH22, KinnaurTaranda is the place where most accidents occurrNH-22 at the Sutlej gorge before WangtuNext 60kms to Losar in Spiti valley on the Hindustan Tibet Road
It is the oldest, and the only road in the past, between India and Tibet. A great journey and trek  along the Sutlej River.
It is the oldest, and the only road in the past, between India and Tibet. A great journey and trek along the Sutlej River. | Source
It was the British Governor General of India Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) who ordered work to begin on the Hindustan-Tibet Road in June 1850.
It was the British Governor General of India Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) who ordered work to begin on the Hindustan-Tibet Road in June 1850. | Source
Hindustan Tibet Road / NH22, Kinnaur
Hindustan Tibet Road / NH22, Kinnaur | Source
Source
Taranda is the place where most accidents occurr
Taranda is the place where most accidents occurr | Source
Source
NH-22 at the Sutlej gorge before Wangtu
NH-22 at the Sutlej gorge before Wangtu | Source
Source
Next 60kms to Losar in Spiti valley on the Hindustan Tibet Road
Next 60kms to Losar in Spiti valley on the Hindustan Tibet Road | Source

The Kinnaur District

The main part of the Hindustan-Tibet Road passes through Kinnaur valley. It follows the bank of the Satluj River and finally enters Tibet at the Shipki La pass.

Reckong Peo, the capital of the Kinnaur district, is about 235 km from the state capital Shimla. It is bordered by Tibet in the east, and is the northeastern-most district of Himachal Pradesh. The valleys of the Satluj, Spiti and Baspa rivers are neighbored by three high mountains ranges in Kinnaur; namely, the Zanskar, the Himalayas, and the Dhauladhar.

The district was opened to foreigners and the outside world in 1989.

The History of Old Hindustan-Tibet Road

The road was built under British rule in order to create the trade links with Tibet and to help the government access and monitor far-off regions beyond its control.

The British Governor-General of India, Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856), commissioned the construction work of the Hindustan-Tibet Road in June 1850.

It is important to mention that the timing of construction coincided with the historic "Younghusband expedition" to Tibet.

Sir Charles Napier, the then Commander-in-chief of the British Army in India, designed the map of the road. All the resources and immense machinery at the disposal of the East India Company were used in the execution of the project. Hence, work on the Great Hindustan-Tibet Road began, which continued for the rest of the second half of the nineteenth century.

Why the Road Was Constructed

There were various reasons for constructing the road to Tibet. At that time, a system of unpaid forced labor called "begari" was prevalent amongst the hilly states of Himachal Pradesh. These unpaid laborers were forced into all types of work, such as transporting timber, goods, and even government documents to Shimla.

Governor-General Lord Dalhousie was greatly disturbed by this system and wanted to improve the conditions of the road these men traversed. Therefore, during his own trip to Kalpa in Kinnaur, he commissioned the construction of the Hindustan-Tibet road to develop trade ties with Tibet.

Where Does the Road End?

The southwest end of the road is in Ambala in Haryana, while the northeast end is in Khab in Himachal Pradesh. Starting in Kalka, the first section went up to Sanjauli at Shimla and, by 1860, was used for vehicular traffic. After that, a 560-footlong tunnel was constructed.

The 228-mile stretch from Shimla to the Shipki La pass on the Indo-Tibet border goes up to Shipki village in Tibet. It is the same Shipki La pass through which Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and author of Seven Years in Tibet, came to India.

The Significance of the Road

The mule track that was built and maintained by the British caught the attention of Lord Dalhousie, but the area had long been part of the ancient Silk Road to China.

Products such as musk, borax, wool, livestock, dry fruits, and precious and semi-precious stones were traded along the route to reach Tibet, Kashmir, Ladakh, and Yarkand, ever since 1300 B.C.

For national trade, the local traders also used other passes, such as Lukma La or Gongma La, Yamrang La, Gumarang La, Shimdang La, Raniso La, and Keobarang. Traders from Himachal who lived in the Baspa valley and its adjoining areas went through the Yamrang La pass and the Cho Gad valley to reach Tibet.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The new NH22 has replaced the bridle path or the Hindustan Tibet RoadAfter Rampur there is a dramatic climb, clinging to the cliff, to KinnaurThe section of NH 22 connecting the Sairag with Jangram region in the Sutlej ValleyEnchanting RideTo Baspa on the other sideThe Dangerous Gushing Water of Satluj RiverAlong SatlujThe Steep cliffs
The new NH22 has replaced the bridle path or the Hindustan Tibet Road
The new NH22 has replaced the bridle path or the Hindustan Tibet Road | Source
After Rampur there is a dramatic climb, clinging to the cliff, to Kinnaur
After Rampur there is a dramatic climb, clinging to the cliff, to Kinnaur | Source
The section of NH 22 connecting the Sairag with Jangram region in the Sutlej Valley
The section of NH 22 connecting the Sairag with Jangram region in the Sutlej Valley | Source
Enchanting Ride
Enchanting Ride | Source
To Baspa on the other side
To Baspa on the other side | Source
The Dangerous Gushing Water of Satluj River
The Dangerous Gushing Water of Satluj River | Source
Along Satluj
Along Satluj | Source
The Steep cliffs
The Steep cliffs

Seven Years in Tibet by Heinrich Harrer

I found the book Seven Years in Tibet to be quite an interesting travelogue. Translated into 53 languages, Seven Years in Tibet is an autobiographical book about the real-life experiences of Austrian mountaineer Henrich Harrer during his stay in Tibet between 1944 and 1951. This was during the Second World War and coincided with the invasion of Tibet by the Chinese People's Liberation Army in 1950.

The book recounts the story of the author and his friend's escapade from a British internment camp in India. They traveled across Tibet and reached the capital Lhasa, where they lived for the next seven years. The book provides a detailed description of the contemporary life and culture of Tibet.

In 1954, the book became a bestseller, and about three million copies were sold in the US. Two films based on the book were made in 1956 and 1997. Additionally, the David Bowie album Earthling contains a song titled “Seven Years in Tibet”.

In 1948, Harrer became a salaried official and a court photographer for the Tibetan government. His job was to translate the foreign news. He introduced ice-skating to Tibet and, following a request from the 14th Dalai Lama, made a film on it. He eventually became a tutor and friend of the Dalai Lama.

The Dalai Lama praised the work and said that the book was the most important contribution to the Tibetan cause. It introduced millions of people to the life and culture of the Tibet.

In Seven Years in Tibet, Harrer wrote:

“Wherever I live, I shall feel homesick for Tibet. I often think I can still hear the cries of wild geese and cranes and the beating of their wings as they fly over Lhasa in the clear, cold moonlight. My heartfelt wish is that my story may create some understanding for the people whose will to live in peace and freedom has won so little sympathy from an indifferent world."

Click thumbnail to view full-size
As seen here, the road is full of perilous twists and turns.this is how it looks from inside : The Hindustan Tibet RoadFrom Tapri onwards NH22 near Pooh Rocky, but beautiful. NH-22 after KarchamKhab, the confluence of Sutlej and Spiti rivers
As seen here, the road is full of perilous twists and turns.
As seen here, the road is full of perilous twists and turns. | Source
this is how it looks from inside : The Hindustan Tibet Road
this is how it looks from inside : The Hindustan Tibet Road | Source
From Tapri onwards
From Tapri onwards | Source
NH22 near Pooh
NH22 near Pooh | Source
Source
Rocky, but beautiful. NH-22 after Karcham
Rocky, but beautiful. NH-22 after Karcham | Source
Khab, the confluence of Sutlej and Spiti rivers
Khab, the confluence of Sutlej and Spiti rivers | Source
Source
Source
Source

The Making of the Hindustan-Tibet Road

In 1886, the road extended as far as "Karin Khud", about 6 km beyond Chini, the territory of the formerly princely state of Rampur Bushahr. In 1927, it was extended a little beyond Namega, which is the last village on the Indo-Tibet border.

The road remained of great economic and strategic importance and was an international trade route between the state of Rampur and the rest of the northern and central Asia.

Before India's Independence in 1947, the road was divided into two parts—the old road extended from Narkanda to Sarahan, via Baghi, Khadrala, Sungri, Bahili, Taklesh, Dararaghati, and Sarahan.

The development of this national highway from a bridle path to a black top all-weather road was a long process. Many laborers lost their lives while cutting the rocky mountain with overhanging canopies of rocks. The significant work done by Gurkha laborers on this road will be remembered for a long time.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Many workers lost their lives carving tunnels through the massive rocks.Bridge at Khab, The Spiti river at  the centre of the picture meets Sutlej river coming from leftHindustan Tibet Road near Reckong PeoAlong the Hindustan Tibet Road from Kinnaur to the Spiti Ascent to Puh from NH 22Ascent to Puh from NH 22NH 22 before Karchham along the Satluj riverPanoramic view of Hindustan Tibet Road along the Sutlej RiverFrozen Waterfall on NH-22 Ribba (Dakho)
Many workers lost their lives carving tunnels through the massive rocks.
Many workers lost their lives carving tunnels through the massive rocks. | Source
Bridge at Khab, The Spiti river at  the centre of the picture meets Sutlej river coming from left
Bridge at Khab, The Spiti river at the centre of the picture meets Sutlej river coming from left | Source
Hindustan Tibet Road near Reckong Peo
Hindustan Tibet Road near Reckong Peo | Source
Along the Hindustan Tibet Road from Kinnaur to the Spiti
Along the Hindustan Tibet Road from Kinnaur to the Spiti | Source
Ascent to Puh from NH 22
Ascent to Puh from NH 22 | Source
Ascent to Puh from NH 22
Ascent to Puh from NH 22 | Source
NH 22 before Karchham along the Satluj river
NH 22 before Karchham along the Satluj river | Source
Panoramic view of Hindustan Tibet Road along the Sutlej River
Panoramic view of Hindustan Tibet Road along the Sutlej River | Source
Source
Frozen Waterfall on NH-22 Ribba (Dakho)
Frozen Waterfall on NH-22 Ribba (Dakho) | Source

The Importance of the Road

Today, the road is the lifeline of the Solan, Shimla, and Kinnaur districts. It also connects the Spiti valley and the outer Seraj areas of Kullu district with various state highways.

It is due to this road that new townships have been created in Reckong Peo, Bhavnagar, Jhakri and Jari, and you it'd be impossible to recognize the old towns of Theog, Narkanda, Ani, Nirmand, Rampur, Pooh, and Tapri.

The road has brought about a transformation of social services, which were previously unheard of in the area and enjoyed only by the people of plains. This includes services such as education centers, shopping complexes, residential houses with modern amenities, and health institutions.

Today, all interior and fertile areas of upper Shimla are connected to the Hindustan-Tibet road through feeder roads.

The widening and tarring of NH 22 has brought about a great change in the nearby population's standard of living. Trucks laden with fruits and goods can be seen moving along this road day and night, when previously, only mules were used.

Trade on the Hindustan-Tibet road began in 2004, when India and China revived bilateral relations. As a result, the traders from Kinnaur have made several trips to China. Surprisingly, not even a single trader from Tibet has visited the Indian border villages since then.

The Indian traders carry spices, oil, jigger, tea leaves ,and utensils to the Shipki village through the Shipki La pass at the height of 4444 meters above sea level. These items are in great demand in Tibet. They return with the items like shoes, jackets, crockery, goats, and Chumurthi horses, which are sold in Rampur during the Lavi fair.

Landslides and Avalanches on the Road

Nature likes to express its discomfort loudly, and the road often gets blocked by landslides and rockslides during heavy snowfalls and rain. The road from Solding Nullah to Sumdo is prone to avalanches—the stretch falls in the Great Himalayan Zone and receives about 150 cm of heavy snowfall every year. The "Malling" area is constantly sliding area, which affects the connection of Lahaul and Spiti districts. It has thus become essential to identify the landslide prone stretches by conducting the study of all hill slopes along the NH 22.

The Geological Survey of India has research the road alignments and the stability of the slopes along the highway. It has carried out various investigations on the stability of the Hindustan-Tibet road, and the safety of various hydroelectric projects situated in the Great Himalayan Zone.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The map of Himachal PradeshThe Hindustan Tibet Road follows the alignment of the Sutlej river from Shimla to Kaza on the HP/Tibet borderPanoramicc view from the Hindustan Tibet RoadThe deep gorge on the roadState Highway 30.
The map of Himachal Pradesh
The map of Himachal Pradesh | Source
Source
Source
Source
The Hindustan Tibet Road follows the alignment of the Sutlej river from Shimla to Kaza on the HP/Tibet border
The Hindustan Tibet Road follows the alignment of the Sutlej river from Shimla to Kaza on the HP/Tibet border | Source
Source
Panoramicc view from the Hindustan Tibet Road
Panoramicc view from the Hindustan Tibet Road | Source
The deep gorge on the road
The deep gorge on the road
State Highway 30.
State Highway 30. | Source

What's the Difference Between the Hindustan-Tibet Road and NH 22?

There is often confusion about the difference between the Hindustan-Tibet Road and the National Highway No.22. For the majority of their paths, these roads are not aligned. While traveling to the Spiti valley from Shimla, you must travel some parts on the Hindustan-Tibet Road and others on NH 22.

The Hindustan-Tibet Road includes: Shimla – Narkanda – Rampur – Gaura – Sarahan – Nichar – Wangtu – Tapri – Urni – Roghi – Kalpa – Pangi – Jangi – Labrang – Puh – Khab – Namgya – Shipki La – Shipki Village and may continue to Tibet.

The treacherous highway connects the trans-Himalayan Buddhist area of Kinnaur and the neighboring Spiti valley to the rest of Himachal Pradesh. It largely runs parallel to the mighty flood-prone Satluj river in Kinnaur. The highway ends at Sumdo, close to the Indo-China border.

Foreigners Will Need an Inner Line Permit

Foreign nationals visiting the protected areas of Lahaul, Spiti Valley, and Kinnaur district are required to get an inner line permit, or ILP. Foreigners have to register and submit copies of their permits at Sumdo police post because the region is near the “Line of Actual Control” and is within the inner line permit zone.

Indian domestic tourists are not required to have any permits. A valid photo ID as proof of nationality is enough.

Differences between HT and NH 22

The Hindustan-Tibet Road
The National Highway No.22
Common Sections
Starts in Shimla
Starts in Ambala
Shimla to Rampur
Ends at Shipki La from Indian side
Ends at Kaurik on sign boards, a village that might not exist anymore
Wangtu to Tapri
May extend further to Shipki village into Tibet
Ends officially near Shipki La
Puh to Khab
There is only one HT Road—no "old" or "new" versions.
The confusion of old or new HT Road was caused by the construction of NH 22.
From Sumdo, the starting point of Spiti Valley, State Highway 30 leads to Tabo and Kaza
Cuts off at Khab towards the Namgia–Shipki La route
It goes to Kaurik before the Sumdo police post to Spiti valley
After Kaurik the bifurcation, State Highway 30 leads to Tabo and Kaza in Spiti valley
It ends in Kinnaur valley
It goes uphill from bifurcation after Samdo police post and leads to Kaurik
The bifurcation after Samdo police post follows State Highway 30 up to towards Tabo and Kaza.

Heights of Places on Hindustan Tibet Road above Sea Level (in Meters)

Karcham
1899 m
Tapri
1683m
Shimla
2205m
Narkanda
2774m
Jeori
1381m
Moorang
2276m
Speelo
2245m
Pooh
2837m
Khabo
2837m
Khab
3598m
Maling
3008m
Chango
3058m
Shailkhar
3119m
Sumdo
3232m
Kaurik
3811m

© 2014 Sanjay Sharma

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      7 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, DavidJohn9865 for the visit.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      9 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Nitin Jaiswal for the visit and the comment. It is a lifetime experience to travel on this road of historical importance.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      9 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Nitin Jaiswal for the visit and the comment. the journey to this route is marvelous.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      10 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, MG Singh for the visit and the comment. It is indeed a lifetime experience to travel on this road.

    • emge profile image

      MG Singh 

      10 months ago from Singapore

      I just read this article. The photographs are breathtaking. It's a pity that I havent traveled on this road though I have traveled on the old Burma Road to China in the East. Very interesting post.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      10 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Nripane for the visit and the comment.

    • profile image

      Nripane 

      10 months ago

      Haven't come across any article as informative as yours on the subject.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      13 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Saptadeepa for the visit and the comment. I am glad, you found this article helpful.

    • profile image

      Saptadeepa 

      13 months ago

      Very well researched and put up article on the Hindustan - Tibet Road. It was a lot of insight into this route after I took the Spiti Valley trip via this route. All appreciate the local people's effort taking this route on a daily basis.

    • profile image

      DavidJohn9865 

      16 months ago

      Thanks for sharing this info with us. Keep sharing more info just like this. I also want to share some more information about an amazing holiday destination named "Manali" which has various stunning tourist spots and adventure places to enjoy with lots of best hotels which provides the best amenities to make your trip more enjoyable and remarkable & there are some of the hotels which have special packages are available as well for students, corporate and families. If you are looking for the best Manali Tour Package then visit: http://www.ecohimalayanresorts.com/

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      17 months ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Madan for the visit and the comment. It is a lifetime experience to travel on this road.

    • emge profile image

      MG Singh 

      24 months ago from Singapore

      Its a great article. I must travel once on this road. God willing

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Nitin Jaiswal for the visit and the comment. I am glad you liked the article.

    • profile image

      Nitin Jaiswal 

      2 years ago

      This article is so well written. I was totally unaware about the historic value of this route. The way author has presented the accurate facts is great. Thanks very much!! I loved reading it.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Rakesh Chauhan for the visit and the comment. Travelling on the Hindustan Tibet Road is really a marvellous and adventurous experience.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      3 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks Ravigoyal for the visit and the comment.

    • profile image

      Ravigoyal 

      3 years ago

      very goodjob

    • profile image

      Rakesh chauhan 

      4 years ago

      Today I have read about something which I was totally unaware. I met some people from Sikkim few days back. They were mentioning about the difficulties in travel they face at their place.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      4 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks shprd for the visit and the comment. This road in indeed an engineering marvel.

    • shprd74 profile image

      Hari Prasad S 

      4 years ago from Bangalore

      Your hub is as excellent as the roads that were built to connect the remote locations of our nation. Nice dedication to the people who lost their lifes building the nation.

      - Hari

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      5 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks Bhashit for the visit. You are right, the achievement is unbelievable.

    • profile image

      Bhashit 

      5 years ago

      Holy crap. This looks incredible.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      5 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks cat on a soapbox for the visit and the comment. I am glad, you liked the article.

    • cat on a soapbox profile image

      Catherine Tally 

      5 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hello Sanjay.

      This is a very-well researched and fascinating hub! I can only imagine the bravery and sacrifice that went into the construction of this road. Wow! I really enjoyed the narrative approach to your presentation also.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      5 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks Akriti Mattu for the visit and the comment. I am glad you liked the post.

    • Akriti Mattu profile image

      Akriti Mattu 

      5 years ago from Shimla, India

      Being from Himachal myself, it was a pleasure reading your post. Very nicely put :)

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      6 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks tikuli for the visit and the comment. You are free to up-link this hub in your blog. Good luck.

    • profile image

      tikuli 

      6 years ago

      Thank you for this wonderful Hub. I am writing about my travel to Kinnaur and would like to link your Hub on my post with due credits. Hope you don't mind. My blog is http://tikulicious.wordpress.com/

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      6 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks ravi1991 for the visit and the comment.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      6 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks tanveerbadyari for the visit and the comment.

    • tanveerbadyari profile image

      tanveerbadyari 

      6 years ago

      thanks for the informative hub, i really didn't know about this treacherous road. It is very risky to drive through.

    • ravi1991 profile image

      Ashutosh Tiwari 

      6 years ago from Lucknow, India

      @sanjaylakhanpal A Great Hub !

      Hats off.

      Can you write more on the engineering marvels of British era ?

      I would love to read and appreciate them.

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Today I have read about something which I was totally unaware. I met some people from Sikkim few days back. They were mentioning about the difficulties in travel they face at their place.

      Your article has enlightened me

    • DreamerMeg profile image

      DreamerMeg 

      6 years ago from Northern Ireland

      Fantastic photographs and a really interesting narrative. Looks like a place I would love to go to!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, wanderwisdom.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)