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Hawai'i and Native Hawaiians - What You May Not Know

Updated on August 3, 2016
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Stephanie Launiu is a Native Hawaiian lifestyle & cultural writer. She has a degree in Hawaiian Pacific Studies. She lives on O'ahu.

Hawaiian man with his two children, circa 1890.
Hawaiian man with his two children, circa 1890.

What You May Not Know About Hawai'i

Many think of Hawai’i merely as the 50th state of the United States where the weather is sunny all year long, we have hula dancers, beaches, luaus, surfers, and a TV show called Hawaii 5-0. However there's so much more beyond just what modern day popular culture depicts about Hawai'i.

This article will go far beyond what you thought you knew about Hawai'i. Read on and learn about the relationship between the U.S., Hawai’i and its native people—it's a complicated one that a majority of people have not learned about. Each of the following topics will be explained more in the article:

  • Native Hawaiians are a race of people
  • Hawaiians almost became extinct
  • Hawai'i was an independent and sovereign nation
  • Hawaiians quickly became literate after western contact
  • Hawai'i's government was illegally overthrown by the United States of America
  • Native Hawaiians tried to fight back
  • The Hawaiian language was banned after the overthrow
  • Queen Lili'uokalani wrote the famous song titled "Aloha 'Oe" (translation: Farewell)
  • The U.S. officially apologized for the illegal overthrow
  • Native Hawaiians are revitalizing their language and culture
  • Ongoing efforts are being made by Kanaka Maoli for self-government

Native Hawaiians Are a Race of People

Hawaiian hula dancers c. 1885, photographed in J.J. Williams photo studio.
Hawaiian hula dancers c. 1885, photographed in J.J. Williams photo studio. | Source
  • Hawaiians are not named for the state (think Californians, New Yorkers, Texans, etc). Unlike the aforementioned states' residents, the state of Hawai'i is actually named for the native people.
  • Native Hawaiians, known also as kanaka maoli, are the indigenous people (and their descendants) of the Hawaiian islands. Their ancestors were the original Polynesians who sailed to Hawai’i and settled the islands around the 5th Century A.D.
  • “Native Hawaiian” is a racial classification recognized by the United States. In the 2010 Census: 527,077 people reported that they are Native Hawaiian alone or of a mixed race that includes Native Hawaiian. There now may be as few as 8,000 pure-blood Native Hawaiians remaining in the world.

Hawaiians Almost Became Extinct

Native Hawaiian family c. 1878
Native Hawaiian family c. 1878 | Source
  • The first recorded western contact with Hawai'i was in 1778 when Captain James Cook, an English explorer, sailed on the HMS Resolution into Waimea Bay on Kaua'i. The next year he sailed into Kealakekua Bay in Kona on the Big Island of Hawai’i.
  • It is estimated that between 400,000 and as many as one million Native Hawaiians were living on the major Hawaiian islands in the late 1700s when Cook landed in Hawai'i.
  • Because Hawai'i is a group of islands isolated from other land masses and people, diseases known in the rest of the world were not known in Hawai’i. Within a century after Cook first landed, the Native Hawaiian population had dropped to about 40,000. Deaths were attributed to a number of "new" diseases including smallpox, measles, influenza, sexually-transmitted diseases, whooping cough and the common cold.

Hawai'i Was an Independent and Sovereign Nation

The Kingdom of Hawai’i was an internationally-recognized monarchy that entered into bilateral treaties of trade and friendship with other countries including:

  • The United States (1826)
  • Great Britain (1836)
  • France (1839)
  • Denmark (1846)
  • Hamburg (1848)
  • Sweden and Norway (1852)
  • Tahiti (1853)
  • Bremen (1854)
  • Belgium and Netherlands (1862)
  • Italy and Spain (1863)
  • Swiss Confederation (1864)
  • Russia (1869)
  • Japan (1871)
  • New South Wales (1874)
  • Portugal (1882)
  • Hong Kong (1884)
  • Samoa (1887)

Hawaiians Quickly Became Literate After Western Contact

Missionaries preaching under kukui groves, 1841
Missionaries preaching under kukui groves, 1841
  • The first Christian missionaries came to Hawai’i in 1820 and Hawaiian children began attending school and learned to read and write in the Hawaiian language.
  • In 1869, a newspaper article reported that Hawai’i was the only government from the Pacific area to attend a Paris exposition. At the event, Hawai’i displayed newspapers, Bibles, textbooks, books of law, agricultural products and other examples of ‘civilization.’
  • European visitors were reportedly astounded that in Hawai’i, the common man was taught the same sorts of things that only European elite of the time were entitled to learn.

Hawai'i's Government Was Illegally Overthrown by the United States of America

The USS Boston's landing force on duty at the Arlington Hotel, Honolulu, at the time of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, January 1893.
The USS Boston's landing force on duty at the Arlington Hotel, Honolulu, at the time of the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, January 1893.
  • When? On January 17, 1893, an illegal overthrow of Hawai’i’s government took place.
  • Who? U.S. Marines from the USS Boston, two companies of U.S. sailors, and U.S. Government Minister John L. Stevens landed at Honolulu Harbor and, along with U.S. and European businessmen, effectuated an illegal coup against Queen Lili'uokalani.
  • Their motives? Greed, control over cheap land, and control over the sugar industry. The businessmen and sugar planters were led by Sanford Dole who some refer to as a "sugar baron." Sanfordʻs cousin, James Dole, sometimes called the "pineapple king," also began the pineapple industry in Hawaiʻi and the Hawaiian Pineapple Company.

Native Hawaiians Tried to Fight Back

Drawing: "Meeting of Natives at Hilo, Island of Hawaii, Thursday, September 16, 1897 to Protest Against Annexation."
Drawing: "Meeting of Natives at Hilo, Island of Hawaii, Thursday, September 16, 1897 to Protest Against Annexation." | Source

After the overthrow, Native Hawaiians tried to fight back through the U.S. legal system.

  • An investigation by the Cleveland administration. Hawai’i became a U.S. protectorate while an investigation was done by U.S. President Grover Cleveland at the written request of Queen Lili'uokalani. Cleveland and his administration concluded that the overthrow had been illegal (“a grievous wrong has been done.”) He then turned the issue over to Congress where it languished while the “straw government” in Hawai’i, who now had Sanford Dole as its President, continued to gain a stronger hold over the islands.
  • Native Hawaiians also launched a petition. Meanwhile, Native Hawaiians launched a massive petition drive to stop the formal annexation of Hawai’i to the U.S. They thought that if Congress realized that Native Hawaiians did not want to be part of the U.S., they would restore independence to Hawai’i. Public meetings were held on the five major islands. Of the known population of 39,000 Native Hawaiians, 21,269 signed the petition. This is an incredible majority, since many of the remaining were children.
  • Petitioning all the way to Washington D.C. Queen Lili'uokalani traveled to Washington D.C. to present her protest and the petition to Congress. At the time, a trip of this distance took months by sea and land. All to no avail. Congress had not acted on President Cleveland’s request and a new Congress came in with the administration of President William McKinley. By that time, the Spanish American War was brewing and the U.S. didn’t want to give up Hawai’i’s prime location in the Pacific.
  • An illegal annexation. Hawai’i was then illegally annexed as a U.S. territory in 1898, along with 1.2 million acres of Hawaiian crown lands that had belonged to the monarchy and to the nation of Hawai’i. No compensation was paid to anyone.

The Hawaiian Language Was Banned After the Overthrow

Soon after the overthrow, a law was passed to make it illegal to teach in the schools in anything but the English language. English replaced Hawaiian as the official language of government, business and education.

So began the colonization of the Native Hawaiian people—children were punished in school for speaking Hawaiian and those who spoke Hawaiian in the home were looked down on. This systematic oppression of the culture and language took place for decades, and the language was almost lost due to parents and grandparents who were uncomfortable passing the language on to younger generations.

It was not until a constitutional amendment passed in Hawaiʻi in 1978 (almost a hundred years later!) that it was once again legal to teach Hawaiian in the school system.

Queen Lili'uokalani Wrote the Famous Song "Aloha 'Oe." (Translation: Farewell)

The statue of Liliʻuokalani stands at the Hawaiʻi State Capitol, but she faces ʻIolani Palace, her former home.
The statue of Liliʻuokalani stands at the Hawaiʻi State Capitol, but she faces ʻIolani Palace, her former home. | Source

Ironically, the only person who saw any jail time from the overthrow was Queen Lili'uokalani.

  • Arrested for treason. In 1895, a clandestine group of supporters of the monarchy attempted an unsuccessful counter-rebellion against the government led by Sanford Dole. There was no bloodshed, but weapons were discovered on the grounds of the royal palace. Lili'uokalani was found guilty of treason . . . against the government that had illegally overthrown her. Although she was sentenced to five years of hard labor, she served nine months of house arrest.
  • "Aloha 'Oe." It was during this time while she was incarcerated that she wrote several songs, but the song “Aloha ʻOe” is her most famous composition. Lili'uokalani wrote "Aloha ʻOe" in 1878, originally as a love song, though it is now commonly sung as a farewell song.
  • A small pension. The territorial government eventually voted her an annual pension of $4,000. The United States never compensated her for personal lands that were taken. Lili'uokalani died in 1917 at the age of 79. In her will, she ordered that all of her belongings be sold with the proceeds going to the Queen Lili'uokalani Children’s Trust for orphaned and indigent children. Her trust still operates today. A statue of Lili'uokalani was erected on the grounds of the Hawai'i state capitol.

Do you think Native Hawaiians should have the right to govern themselves again?

See results

Tribute to Queen Lili'uokalani by Adam Manalo-Camp

The U.S. Officially Apologized for the Illegal Overthrow

President Bill Clinton signed the official apology to Native Hawaiians.
President Bill Clinton signed the official apology to Native Hawaiians. | Source

In 1993, President Bill Clinton signed an official apology to Native Hawaiians for the illegal overthrow of their nation. Public Law 103-150 was passed by a joint resolution of Congress in 1993 to acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the overthrow. Stipulations in the law stated that:

  1. The overthrow was illegal. Section 1 states: "The Congress...on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the illegal overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893, acknowledges the historical significance of this event which resulted in the suppression of the inherent sovereignty of the Native Hawaiian people; (italics added)
  2. The U.S. apologizes. "...apologizes to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the people of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893."
  3. Native Hawaiians may have legal claims against the U.S. "Nothing in this Joint Resolution is intended to serve as a settlement of any claims against the United States."

Native Hawaiians are Revitalizing Their Language and Culture

Source
  • In the 19th century, Hawaiians were decimated by disease until less than 40,000 survived.
  • In the 20th century they were colonized and had to learn to live with their homeland being lost to the largest super power in the world, along with an unlimited influx of tourists and immigrants from other states and foreign countries.
  • Additionally Pearl Harbor was bombed during World War II because America used Hawai’i (and continues to) for its Pacific fleet.

Although they are now only 12% of Hawai'i’s population, Native Hawaiians continue to work towards finding their rightful place in modern-day Hawai'i.

  • Gov. John Waihe'e was the first elected governor of Hawai'i of Native Hawaiian ancestry. He served from 1986-1994.
  • In 1987, instruction in the Native Hawaiian language began again in public schools. Today there are 21 public Hawaiian immersion schools in the state of Hawai'i. Students are of diverse races who choose to be educated in all subjects in the Hawaiian language.
  • A renaissance of the Hawaiian culture – language, dance, arts, customs - began in the 1970’s and continues today.
  • Native Hawaiians continue their quest to regain self-governance in some form, and rightful compensation for the illegal overthrow and a nation lost.

1993 protest in front of 'Iolani Palace on the 100th anniversary of the overthrow
1993 protest in front of 'Iolani Palace on the 100th anniversary of the overthrow

Ongoing Efforts by Kanaka Maoli for Self-Governance

In today's Hawai'i, the turbulence of a people who love their nation is palpable. Opinion and fact sometimes collide, and the menace of generational colonialism continues to penetrate the hearts and minds of many. This turbulence is a natural reaction to more than a century of frustration with America's apparent disregard for native rights.

There are ongoing efforts to restore Hawai'i to its rightful place in the global community of nations. If you would like to begin your journey of learning more about the sovereignty and de-occupy movements in Hawai'i, here are a few links to start with.

You have been forewarned: Everything you thought you knew about Hawai'i will be challenged. It is far more than sun and surf.

© 2013 Stephanie Launiu

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      Stephanie Launiu 5 weeks ago from Hawai'i

      @ Mark Singleton: No, I haven't read "Kanaka" by Tom Koppel, but I have 2 sons living in Washington and know that there is Hawaiian heritage and history in the Northwest, like the Kalama River. Also, Hawaiians intermarried with Native Americans up there. I'm getting myself a copy of "Kanaka". Good luck in your continued good work. Aloha, Stephanie

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      Mark Singleton 5 weeks ago

      Kanaka by Tom Koppel. Do you have a copy? Apparently the royalty on the Big Island sold 2yr labor contracts to the Hudson's bay Company to work in the northwest. I've lived both places. Once hired a big Hawaiian cook who spoke pigeon but said he had never been to Hawaii. So, now living in Naalehu I'd like to connect the families who still reside in both places but have been out of touch since they chose to remain where they could remain free. Do you have any info?

      Best Aloha,

      Mark

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      Annemarie Mathews Boyle 6 weeks ago

      I loved this. My 3rd great Uncle was Lt. Samuel Nowlein. He was the one who led the Wilcox Revolution for Queen Lili. My 4th great grandfather was Michael James Nowlein, Sam's brother and my 3rd grandmother was Sam's niece Gini Jane Nowlein born abt 19830 in Molokai. My great grandmother Nancy K. Morse b. in Honolulu in 1894 and her daughter, my grandmother Nellie Sanders-Higgs (who was born in 1912 in Honolulu,) left the Islands w/my great grandfather in about 1916/17 as he was in the US Army and went to WW1. They went stateside after 2 years between the Philippines and Russia with the Army. She never returned. My grandmother taught my dad the ways of Hawaii and he returned as a young USMC in the 1950's to Kanehoe Bay. My siblings and I however grew up in California not knowing MUCH about our Hawaiian heritage. It is only now, in my 40's that I spend a lot of time researching our Native Hawaiian heritage. Of course, my genetics has been very diluted through the generations, but I am proud to be a member of the Daughters of Hawaii. Much of my research I find frustrating to learn about and a lot of it difficult to dig up since many records in Hawaii were not written down, but rather family stories passed through the early generations down. Also not many records are available online yet, (more and more each day.) So great details like these do help put the puzzles together. Thank you.

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      Stephanie Launiu 7 weeks ago from Hawai'i

      @ Tyson Raxter: Mahalo nui! I'm glad it moved your heart. I hope someday you will be able to return to Hawai'i. Aloha, Stephanie

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      Tyson Raxter 7 weeks ago

      I'm from Honolulu, but moved away. Reading this was a fantastic experience for me. I would love to move back and this article really reignited my love for the place. I'm heavily into history and the history if Hawai'i is not one I'm too familiar with. I thoroughly enjoyed this.

      Mahalo!

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 months ago from Hawai'i

      Mahalo nui Susan! I went to public schools in Hawaii in the 60's, and we weren't taught the truth about the overthrow of Hawaii's monarchy either. And it's hard to imagine that it was only in the 1980's that it became legal to teach the Hawaiian language in public schools!! We do have to watch where our tax dollars are spent after all LOL. I hope you will continue your interest in Hawaii. Aloha, Stephanie

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      Susan Echelman 2 months ago

      I have now gained a much better understanding of the history of Hawaii as well as current sentiments that natives feel about perhaps restoring Hawaii's soverignty. Once again--anothet shameful part of ourcountry's history. I definately never learned any of this in public school or college, and am so grateful to have this information now.

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      Stephanie Launiu 3 months ago from Hawai'i

      Mike,

      Kamehameha I did not "illegally" take control of the Hawaiian archipelago, as the islands were not united under centralized law. He and his armies defeated each island's chief, as was the norm in those days. Any other chief could have done it, but Kamehameha was the first to do it. It is still debated whether he did it fairly, since he used western weapons (guns) in some battles, but I will leave that to others to debate. Kaumualii, the chief of Kaua'i, surrendered to Kamehameha peacefully in 1810 at which time all of the islands came under centralized control. Kamehameha I died in 1819 in Kailua, Kona at the age of 61 from a prolonged illness.

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      Mike 3 months ago

      King Kamehameha also "illegally" took control of the island chain. Kaumualii was the ruler of Kauai before Kamehameha.

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      Brian Haina 4 months ago

      Mahalo nui loa for all that youve done and said about our culture. It still hurts me to know what the U S and other cultures have done to our culture and also the Native and Eskimo Indian culture and also other cultures around the world. It just tells me that they're used to being the way they are and I don't see any changes of them and they will only help those that will help them in what they always do. I just hope that one day "all" cultures will get together and stand up to what they do no matter what it does to our kind! Aloha wau ia'oe

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      heather 5 months ago

      amazing. really helped me with my senior research project!

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      Willa Sartin 5 months ago

      What a sad story. This should at least be talked about in mainland schools.ive visited Hawaii many times and learned a lot in bits and pieces. What to do, what to do.? Native Hawaiians must have at the very least,the same rights as Native Americans.

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      Uncle Richard 5 months ago

      A decade ago I met an aunty. She slowly and meticulously introduced me to Hawaii. Not only from the cultural events

      happening throughout the year locally, but through books. She is a higfh school graduate of Kamemeha in Honolulu. I learned a lot

      from her and the Ke Kukui Foundation. The last book she gave

      me to read was the Queens book. As a pale skinned "shawk bait", I fell in love with this woman, aand pissed at my country.

      All this education before ever going to the country of Hawaii.

      I grew up with a few American Indians, also got to know their grandmother. She told us something in 1959 that didn't make sense to this 17 year old, who knew everything there was to know about absolutly nothing. It came back to me after reading the Queens book. She told me and her grands sons not to believe what is being put into the history books about what or why it happened this year, the statehood of two robbed nations and peoples. I have met and have as friends several Hawaiians.

      They have taught me what Aloha really is. This May I will be attending my eighth May day celebration. Music, dancing, food and friends.

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      Renee Timas 6 months ago

      Very informative. Mahalo for sharing. Will read up on resources provided..

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      Kenalo Ha'aHeo Bogac 6 months ago

      I am one of her descends and Ibelieve there is so much more that was stolen from us.

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      Sharon Saddleback 6 months ago

      Thank you for your historical information on Hawaii. The way your people were treated is sad to see. I do not understand homesteads. Please explain. Please keep sharing about your people's plight.

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      Kaimana 7 months ago

      Aloha,

      Iʻm an 18 year old Hawaiian, who attends UH Mānoa and is fueled by this movement to get an education and make Hawaiʻi better. However, the amount of us getting this type of education is little and we need more people to help us. So I ask, how do you think we can get young Kānaka Maoli involved and educated?

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      Katrina Hansen 8 months ago

      Is there still a kingdom within the islands? Hawaii. 5-O episode on Jan 20?

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      Aldara Noriega 8 months ago

      Love this, I would like to read more about your history is there a book that details everything as well as you did ?

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      Samantha 10 months ago

      Hello, I'm a writer and while I was developing a character who decided he wanted to be a Native Hawaiian. I've been doing research but I wanted to ask some experts what they would want to see in a character that represents their home and their culture.

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      Paul- Kapolei 11 months ago

      What a fantastic article along with wonderful dialogue! I'm a transplanted mainlander of European descent, but I think I have a Hawaiian soul. I'm proud to live here, feel a bit guilty about "owning" a piece of this sacred land, and hope that there's a place for my family when sovereignty comes!

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      Stephanie Launiu 12 months ago from Hawai'i

      Mahalo for your kind comments Sheri Wahinekapu. When people read a concise presentation of the facts, the great majority will see a clear picture of a nation wronged. I have also planted "the seed" in my mo'opuna. You and I may not be here to see the full-grown tree, but the tree will grow and fruit. About that I am sure...aloha no, Stephanie

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      Sheri Wahinekapu 12 months ago

      Mahalo nui loa for a precise presentation of our culture, our people and our history. This information allows everyone, kanaka maoli and haole to read and understand FACTS. I ask that this be shared around the world in order to gain more support for our home. My na mo'opuna will read this and the seed will be planted if it hasn't yet and they will have a foundation of where they came from, who they are and figure out how they can contribute to the perpetuation of our culture. Mahalo, mahalo, mahalo ame Mahalo ke Akua

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      Stephanie Launiu 13 months ago from Hawai'i

      Thank you Maryann. I'm glad you finally had a chance to visit Hawaii, and that you learned about Eddie Aikau, the Hokule'a, the Hawaiian people and on and on. Aloha...

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      Maryann 13 months ago

      Thank you for this information. I took my first trip to Hawaii this summer and learned about Eddie Aukai. I became fascinated with his legacy. Which led to the learning about Hokulea, which led to the history of the Hawaiian people. I am looking forward to learning more. Thanks for the links and sources.

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      HaoleTom 13 months ago

      This is an interesting and detailed article, but sadly, it's one-sided and ignores some mistakes on the part of the Hawaiian royalty themselves. David Kalakaua was quite ambitious and wasn't opposed to stacking the deck in his government to get his way. He was also angling for a niece of his to marry Japanese roaylty with the apparent hope that Japan would annex the islands, which may have been a horrible mistake. Likewise, Liliokalani was given an offer by the US to return Hawaii to a kingdom status, I believe by President Grover Cleveland, but she delayed in an over-emotional reaction. By the time she agreed, the US assumed she was not going to reply to their offer and went ahead with annexation. Yes, much of what the US did was wrong, but the leaders that the Hawaiian peoploe trusted were not blameless.

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      Judith Strauch Diess 13 months ago

      Correction on Hawaii State History taught in Hawaii Public Schools. There were several types of public schools in the Islands. Local, Rural, and English Speaking or as we called them Haole. Roosevelt was considered Haole as well as Kalani. There were also ones near military bases Like Redford High, Called a Haole School. Kaimuki, McKinley, Farrington, for example were local. Lots of pigin spoken there by teachers as well as students. We did have Hawaiian classes available compliments of Mr. Baker. We also had watered down Hawaii State History that was mandatory to pass if you wanted to graduate High School. It was taught senior year. Most of my childhood education was in the islands including pre-school located in 1947 at Lanikai Beach house on the beach. I was at Kaimuki High from 1960-1964. I was then sent to the mainland to college to hopefully, quit speaking pigin. I flunked English comp. in college many times before passing. In 5th grade Hawaiian culture was also taught including ukulele. Hula was taught in PE class as a part of dance. Something else in High School you had to pass to graduate High School. I still have a deep love for my Hawaii roots.

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      Kika Wai'Alae 13 months ago

      Hawaii still is a sovereign nation in continuity today. We are currently working on forcing the US to comply to the law of occupation. We have been in international courts system proving our status of a nation. A joint resolution is all the US has to claim Hawaii. A treaty is needed and does not exist due to the Ku'e patition that was written about earlier. To find current events go to www.hawaiiankingdom.org mahalo for writing this article but it goes much deeper at least this is a start. The Lance Larcen v the Hawaiian Kindom faced arbitration in the Netherland. That case was used as an example in the South China Sea v the Philippines recently. All can be found on www.hawaiiankingdom.org.

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      susan Cane 14 months ago

      Hi, just came back from Kauai and was wondering where did all the Hawaiian people go? I see a lot of Filipino people dancing as Hawaiians but no Hawaiians!

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      Oscar Pedro Larghi 14 months ago

      Kamehamenha I also signed a Peace ance Commerce treaty with Argentina in 1817, Being the first king to recongnize the young new nation, My respect to him!

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      Twizz 16 months ago

      Thank you for enlightening, and for the Ukulele.

      Happy Days, Twizz.

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      Kalauokalani 16 months ago

      There is NO TREATY OF ANNEXATION! HAWAII IS OCCUPIED BY THE UNITED STATES! HAWAII IS NOT PART OF THE US! This is international law... no different from how the Baltic States were not part of the Soviet Union. Just like how Crimea is not part of Russia. Hawaii never became or conceded to become part of the US. That can only happen by treaty. There is no treaty. There is only a Joint Resolution. A Newlands resolution drafted by the racist Francis Newlands. A Joint Resolution lacks the power to take another country. The U.S. uses paradise propaganda to mask their involvement in stealing an entire nation. It's Genocide. What happened in Iraq happened in Hawai'i in 1893, puppet governments, illegal intervention,

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      ʻŌnikiniki 17 months ago

      MAHALO NUI LOA e Stephanie Launiu no kēia! He mea NUI no ka a'o 'ana o nā po'e a'ole maopopo i ka 'oiai'o. Aloha au ia 'oe no ka wehewehe 'ana o nā pilikia no na kanaka hawai'i ♡♡♡♡

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      Vladimir Karas 20 months ago from Canada

      Born and raised in a European country and now living in Canada, I spent my childhood admiring Hawaiian music and what Hawai'i stood for, with their culture and the pristine beauty of its islands. I am 71 now, and only 3 years ago I finally had my first opportunity to visit that land of my dreams. I asked a Hawaiian young woman in her hula clothing to take a picture with me, and that photo is now enlarged and framed in my living room.

      Sorry this is not a direct comment to your hub, but I hope it serves as an indication of how I sympathize with your people, while hoping to see Hawaii again as soon as possible. Mahalo for the great and informative hub.

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      Min Soo 23 months ago

      I am commenting to ask that you please remove my last comment. I have spoken up and I need to do more research because I am unable to find the documentary which I referred to. Without that as reference, I do not wish to create any issue which I cannot provide a reference source which my comment is based on. Mahalo..

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      Min Soo 23 months ago

      This is very well done. All the time and effort which you put in has produced an amazing piece of work. There is one comment I wish to make about the overthrow, I am not a history expert and I have not done as much research as you have so I may not be factually correct. The overthrow was led by citizens of the Kingdom also because at the time, anyone born in the Kingdom was a citizen and considered to be Hawaiian. Lorrin A. Thurston was actually the leader of the overthrow and with help from family/friends/business relationships on the East Coast of the U.S., he was able to have the U.S. gun boat in Honolulu Harbor but the military personnel did not actually come ashore. Sanford Dole was brought in after the overthrow and asked to be the first leader of the Territory/Republic because of his relationship with the Hawaiian people. He did not actually participate in the overthrow as a major factor until the Territory/Republic was established. He was asked to do so because, at the time, he had many Hawaiians working for him on his plantation and he had good relationships with many families on both sides during these turbulent times. Thurston's letters reveal much of this unknown history and there was once a documentary based on these letters from PBS Hawaii. It was narrated by Leslie Wilcox but I cannot remember what the name of the piece was called. Thank you for sharing your work and creating a place for others to come to learn about the wonderful history of the Islands and the Native/native Hawaiian people.

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      AustinKalani 23 months ago

      Cook didn't land at Kealakakua in 1778. He landed near Waimea, Kaua'i. Left to find a non-existent Northwest Passage for a year, then returned to Hawai'i. He landed at Kealakakua in 1779.

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      Aukai 2 years ago

      Thank you for Sharing, Great article

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      Rami Sabeer 2 years ago from Egypt

      Great article , i love this nice and value information thank you for sharing this post

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @aku: Thanks for your comment and for reading this article. Please note that my article does not advocate for a separate kingdom, but does give links to other groups in favor of solutions that may not popular with a majority of people. After all, this is American democracy, no? Free speech? I would like to note that the 93% favorable vote in 1959 for statehood included a small minority of Hawaiian/part Hawaiians. By then, the cultural genocide, native population decrease, and immigrant in-migration had already left its mark on the islands. At the time of the annexation in 1898, the remaining 40,000 Native Hawaiians voted overwhelmingly NOT to be annexed by the U.S., but Congress and the U.S. President disregarded them. Sixty years later at the statehood vote, colonialism had taken its toll.

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      Komang Setiabudi 2 years ago from Jakarta Selatan

      This article is very touching and important, because many of the events that made the original inhabitants of a country or the area around us, even in developed countries like the United States or other countries such as China that have made the natives or indigenous people as second class citizens, even changing their original cultural identity. Whether the United Nations or non-governmental organizations can save a case like this anywhere else?

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      aku 2 years ago

      Hawaii voted to become a state in 1959. The vote was 93 percent in favor, thus ending the issue of weather Hawaiians wanted to be part of the United States or not. This talk of a separate Kingdom is a red herring. No different than me wanting to not pay taxes to a Federal Government that I didn't vote for.

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @Hstephens: Thank you for your comment. I could find no historical evidence that President Grover Cleveland "offered the thrown (sic) back to the queen and she refused." Cleveland was definitely of the opinion that America had wrongly overthrown the Hawaiian government, but he left it up to Congress to decide the matter. And the rest is history...

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      Hstephens 2 years ago

      I love Hawaii and I have been there over 30 times. Great story, but you do not mention that president Cleveland offered the thrown back to the queen and she refused. There were stipulations , but the fact still remains. God bless Hawaii and I hope there is a solution where it remains a state

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      Canita Prough 2 years ago from Pompano Beach, Florida

      Really enjoyed the tribute to the queen video.

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      Lori Downey 2 years ago from Utah

      Thank You so much, Stephanie!! I really hope we can come visit soon. As I said, it has been a life long dream.

      My friend from Hawaii has sort of adopted me into her family since we were in the same High School. Her children think of me as "Aunty Lori", even though I haven't seen them for 25 years, or, even met some of them. It is a wonderful feeling for me. I have always admired her sense of community and love.

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      Thank you ʻLori downʻ for your kind comments. I do hope that you and your daughter will visit Hawaiʻi someday. Keep in touch and let me know if you get to the islands; I will make myself available to show you around. Aloha, Stephanie

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @T: Thank you for your comment. I have found that most people who say "I donʻt want to live in the past" are usually of the same nationality as those being accused of some wrongdoing. In your case, Iʻm assuming that you are white. But it makes no difference, because the Native Hawaiian argument has nothing to do with "skin color", as you put it. Itʻs not a race issue. It is an issue of Americaʻs illegal overthrow of a foreign government and the effect that has had on the native people of Hawaiʻi. You might want to read "Overthrow - Americaʻs Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq" by Stephen Kinzer. Since the U.S. has now reopened diplomatic relations with a communist country (Cuba), and negotiated a nuclear treaty with the worldʻs biggest supporter of terrorism (Iran), perhaps there is hope for the U.S. to reopen diplomatic relations with a peaceful nation that it had no business overthrowing and occupying (Hawaiʻi).

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      jcrunch 2 years ago

      One very small correction to your article: Lili'uokalani's statue does indeed face the Hawai'i state capitol building. I just visited Iolani Palace earlier this month, and took pictures of the statue. I was struck by the fact that the statue is on (it appears) capitol grounds, land owned and operated by the state that is a part of the country that illegally annexed her sovereign country. Ironic. I've taken to believing that her statue's proud countenance is merely a statement of determination, an artful rendering of her belief in her people and the righteousness of her cause--as Hawaiians today might say of her look, she appears to be showing some "stink eye" in the general direction of the government which helped end her reign, and to the whole concept of anyone taking Hawaiians' sovereignty away. (I know, probably not her style....)

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      2 years ago

      I teach my children to respect all people based on the content of thier character and to let go of identity based on skin or ethnicity and not to live in the past. I challenge all people to do the same.

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      Kamaka 2 years ago

      To the author of the last comment.... "T".... May I quote you? What have you done to start this movement?

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      2 years ago

      Americans settlers were not simply European, they came from many lands before Europe, they were and are as all people, native earth. We are all of the same origin and all the dialogue about race ethnicity etc... Is racist and self serving protectionism. We are all native earth. Native Hawaiians, have some great wonderful people in their history, but there have been abuses and people of poor character originating from the culture just as there have been from Europeans, Africans, American Indians, etc... We need to shed race and ethnicity centric dialogue and become one homoginous people and quit living in the past waiting for reimbursement for historic wrongs. The American Indians were not one unified peaceful people- they had many disputed with each other, war with each other, stole, raped each others women, and disagreed over territory. The law of the land was who could defend the territory could own it. A significant number found a way to have peace, but a significant number chose a violent path to take what they wanted. All people of all cultures have demonstrated historic similarities to what the "white" Europeans brought. All of are good and bad. What destroys us all most today is the deplorable focus on how special, unique and entitled we are due to a particular ethnicity or skim color. We are creating silos, special clubs of exclusivity based on all the wrong things. I cant change what an evil king and a tax enforcing family clan perpetuated on some of my ancestors hundreds of years ago, but the good news is that I don't live in that past world anymore..i live today, free to define my future and the current and treat people right and be responsible for what I do today and not look to distinguish myself by my ethnic or cultural roots as an identity of who I am and what I deserve. Our kids are all paying attention to all these infantile discussions of what race or ethnicity we are and why those things should bring us special benefits...this is the wrong message to send them and as a result, they will continue to perpetuate those damaging attitudes and lean on ideals focused on getting things due to skin color and heritage vs being an all loving healthy, productive person. Start this movement ...we are all native earth!

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      Lori Downey 2 years ago from Utah

      Stephanie

      Thank you for this well written Hub. I knew next to nothing about the islands. I have never been fortunate enough to visit. It has always been a dream to go there some day.

      I have a very good friend who was born in Hawaii. Perhaps some day, my daughter and I will be lucky enough to visit.

      You have taught me a lot about the history of your beautiful home. I hope you will get justice some day.

      Thank you, once again for educating me. I will continue to read, and, educate myself. You are a beautiful writer.

      Thank you

      Lori

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      Miz Priya 2 years ago

      Thank you for writing this. The only thing I would say differently is that you don't have to be Kanaka Maoli to support and advocate for the native Hawaiian people. I identify as Kama'aina American. I belong to the land of my birth, it does not belong to me. ❤ Mahalo.

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      Kim 2 years ago

      hi there,

      I'm writing a vampire novella set on a small unnamed Hawaiian island. prior to this I knew virtually nothing about Hawaii. part of the fun of writing what you don't know is learning about it! and I've learned quite a bit during my searches. of course there will always be more to learn, which is why I'm here. if you don't ask, you'll never find out.

      next let me say, if I could make a blanket apology on behalf of the U.S., I would. unfortunately it's so much larger than me. my novella is not an apology per se, in fact it's mostly from the perspective of continental Americans (one of whom was born on the island), but I'm hoping it will at least wake some people up to the issue who might never have thought about it.

      what I would know and understand is this: what exactly would you have happen here? the past can't be erased. decimation can't be undone (as much as I wish it could). colonization has taken place. economics and structures are in place. bloodlines are crossed dozens of times over.

      so what exactly would you have happen? I've heard people talk about sovereignty, but what exactly do you mean by that? who exactly would you have in charge, and how would that be decided? do you go back to a monarchy, where family DNA decides who is a ruler and who is untouchable, or would you formally adopt democracy? what happens to people born on the islands who have European or Asian DNA and have never known any other home? are they Hawaiians, or not? do they have Hawaiian rights, or not? do you completely banish the U.S. from your shores, or would you consider a bona fide treaty done the legal way? are there groups dedicated to actually bringing these things about? grassroots or official? what exactly are they doing to bring it about? aside from education, as you are doing here.

      I don't expect you to speak on behalf of all Hawaiians, of course, any more than I can speak on behalf of the entire U.S. but as much as I've learned while writing this novella, there are some things that a book or website just won't tell you. I've read a lot of flowery rhetoric over the course of my writing. I would like to go beyond that.

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      kamanalo 2 years ago

      The natives of America are not 'Indians'. They are Americans. Indians come from India, not America. And the white people in America are not Americans; they are Europeans.

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      jj 2 years ago

      Please please never ever ever agree to be reconginzed as like the american indians..even they do not relate to the term anerican indians.. have you ever seen an indian reservation.. its soo poor and sad.. the worst neglected conditions..you are better off the way you are now.. don't ever agree to it..

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @kustom: Aloha aina kāua. Mahalo nui for your obvious love for Hawai’i. We need more people on our islands like you, not fewer. My problem is with the U.S. government and state of Hawai’i who continue to perpetuate the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian nation, and refuse to recognize the inherent rights of the kanaka maoli. Mahalo for reading this hub (twice). Malama pono. Stephanie

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      kustom 2 years ago

      I just read this article for the 2nd. time. My Grandfather purchased property in the late 60's early 70's on Maui. We lived on the mainland and would go to visit Maui. When we went to visit their house in CA. I remember flipping through the Hawaii language books that they had on the coffee table and trying to pronounce words. We listened to Hawaii music and attended "wanna be" Luahs. Through the years it seems that every family member (including me) has moved to Hawaii or has at least spent a significant amount of time there. We have embraced this sacred culture and it has become part of my identity. The problem is that, no matter how much I love and respect Hawaii, I have no Hawaiian blood. My presence and our ownership of land violate the Hawaiian Sovereign Nation and it's indigenous people. It seems the greatest respect I could show is to not ever return. But it's my "home", my loved ones are buried in it's ocean.

      Thanks for the great article.

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      Mahalo nui @Unlimited11-11!

      Thank you for reading this hub and commenting on it.

      Aloha mau loa,

      Stephanie

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      Lee Cloak 2 years ago

      Fantastic hub, very interesting, very strong stuff, thank you!

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      Tom McHugh 2 years ago from Lake Champlain, Vermont, USA

      Mahalo nui loa for this informative and well-written hub.

      Hawai'i is one of the most beautiful and spiritual places on earth. When there, I always feel privileged that I have been able to share in her majesty.

      The tragic events of the past cannot be forgotten.

      Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono.

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @ Sofia: This article was first published on 1-18-13 and was last updated on 11-10-14 with the section "Ongoing Efforts by Kanaka Maoli" added. Mahalo nui for your comment and for citing this in your project. Aloha, Stephanie

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      Sofia 2 years ago

      I would like to cite this as a source for a project. What was the date this was published?

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @Pakelekia808 Mahalo nui for your comments and for your kind support of Native Hawaiian self-determination. The U.S. government is not known for reversals of their land grabs in the past. Hawaii is in a most strategic location for militarization. They won't give it up anytime soon. Meanwhile, we educate the next generation... Aloha, Stephanie

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      Pakelekia808 2 years ago

      Mahalo for a succinct and truthful article! I've reread it several times, and have forwarded it to interested friends. As a Kama'aina, my Portuguese ancestors had been living in Hawaii for about 15 years when the highly illegal overthrow came about - and I've never understood why the wrongs haven't been made right by the US government. I'll be following your hub with great interest. Mahalo...Pakelekia808

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @Keahi Felix: Mahalo nui for your request. Send me an email at hawaiianscribe@gmail.com and let's communicate. Always interested in wahine authors who move us forward. Aloha mau loa, Stephanie

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      Keahi Felix 2 years ago

      Aloha. May I have permission from the author to quote her article in its entirety in the book I am planning to write? It will be my second book. Title not yet cemented. First published book was called: "Wahine Noa: for the life of my county."

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      Besarien 2 years ago

      Mahalo for a great hub debunking much of the "official history" taught about Hawaii. I look forward to reading more from you.

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      KanakaMaoliOhanaHāne 2 years ago

      Mahalo for all this info. links, facts & current updates/ actions. Profound. Truth shall prevail... as a strong peaceful Hawaiian Kingdom Nation continues to operate in Pono, Lawful ways of our existence, cultural & spiritual practices, and positive actions to manage and maintain our own "Country/Islands" as we did before being illegally occupied & displaced by false operations called a "State" by imposters/ illegal Businessmen-turned-Government from a foreign/ known country called the UNitedStatesOfAmerica. Mahalo.

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      Puaalawailani 2 years ago

      Hawaiianscribe: Bless you for telling the past history of Native Hawaiians and Hawaiians wherever they may be. My mom was pure Hawaiian from the Big Island; my grandparents were Hawaiians; my great grandparents were Hawaiians. Unfortunately, they all passed on too early in life. I have always been proud to be Hawaiian and as I have grown older and somewhat wiser, I have come to the realization that whatever I learned about our past history as Hawaiian isn't fully known. Your writings and those of other historians of Hawaiian history continue to nourish our desire and knowledge to want to know and learn more...topics and issues we weren't fully aware of. It is truly amazing to finally be able to see documents and videos that educate (us) me. I also admire your tactfulness in explaining and restating your conviction in what you write; but also allowing differences in opinions from others. However, the main purpose of this hub page (for me) is to learn more and discover the unknown (untruths as well) and seek more information through resources and links. And I think I have found it here! Thank you for your tireless efforts and passion for the history of Hawaii and its people.Aloha!

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      Carolyn 2 years ago

      I enjoyed this hub and reading other people's comments. We the "Hawaiian people" and "Hawaiian people at heart" need to stick together, stand together and rise together. The article had some false statements, many criticized however for the most part it; this is what happened to our Hawai'i and Hawaiian people. This was very informative. The way you have come across, as if you want to chop her head off!! We should be great fully appreciative on what the main point was from this article. I've only read very few nice comments, we should have this same mana to come together where our voice becomes louder and stronger. One thing I want to say to all, if you are born or raised somewhere, it doesn't mean your that nationality. It's what's in your blood from your mother and father that makes your nationality. Seems that many people can't get it right on born, raised or lived for one, five, twenty years somewhere. Example: If your father is Hawaiian and mother is Japaneese but your born in Korea that does not mean your Korean!! Mahalo Stephanie

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      Ane 2 years ago

      Mahalo nui for this informational writing. Too many do not know the facts behind this illegal overthrow. I am haole who married a man of pure kanaka maoli ancestry whose first language was Hawaiian.

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      4myohana 2 years ago

      aloha

      hawaii's history was always messed up... there's a reason why they don't want you to know...

      you must learn your pass to know your future...

      hawaiiankingdom.org and hawaiiankingdom.org/blog are my fav to learn hawaiian history... dr sai will take you from kamehameha l to today... he has the paper work that backs up what he says and he adds humor to his talks

      but... the most exciting piece of hawaiian history i ever came across was uncle buzzy agard... http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=HN.6080355741064...

      hope this helps your readers

      mahalo4sharing

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      Tinae 2 years ago

      I was born in Quenes Hospital on Oahu before Hawaii became a state. I am of Hawaiian blood and have lived the life of a kanaka Maoli on the Island before joining the Military and am proud of all those who did and still serving . I have read this post for the first time and solute you for this informative tribute concerning the History of our Island and its people. I believe your post brings outs opinions and facts from those that are knowledgeable on this subject. I would like those with these Knowledge and are responding to keep in mind that this is an educational growth to make us all understand our cultural roots and the journey our OHANA's have been through, Please keep it respectful for we are KANAKA MAOLI and we all Love this Island. Mahalo

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      olepau58 2 years ago

      aloha

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      Noe 2 years ago

      I have koko(blood) and therefore am Kanaka Maoli. I was born in HonoluluTH(the time when it was declared to be Territory of Hawaii) and therefore am more than Kama'aina. I as many like me am, Maka'ainana - of the populace. It is a term that is not mentioned in the brief and could serve to clarify many like Jennifer.

      I found your writing to be well done and presented with what I believe was the intent of sharing knowledge. I also believe that part of your intent was to give us pause to think, question and research on our own.

      I saw some, but not glaring mistakes. I read many constructive criticisms and many comments that lashed out. I thank you for reeling it back to the intent - no apologies needed from you as far as I am concerned.

      In an ideal world, we would ALL take on the kuleana(responsibility and accountability) of saying and doing what is best for the Maka'aina. But that is not the case. However we can, as you have, express our opinions.

      E holo mua kākou I ka pō me ke ao.

      Let us move forward together from not knowing(night) into knowing(day)

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      Kupono 2 years ago

      Good read except for Aloha Oe was not written by Anapau during her internment , but at Maunawili years before. Please refer to He Buke Mele The Queens song book compiled by Mary Kawena Pukui and Aunty Dorothy Kahananui at the request of Her Majesty to verify this.

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      kahiwahiwa makanui 2 years ago

      Every body in the world needs to see this!

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      momi 2 years ago

      When I first read your article, I thought awesome! Then as I read the comment's I'm confused on opinions vs facts. I come away with frustration and no longer interested in the past.

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      myra -ann kiaaina 2 years ago

      Aloha,

      My name is Myra-ann Kiaaina I am probably the last generation of pure hawaiian people. This story has really touched my heart, made me angry because of what happened and gave some insite of what my ohana should know. I knew a little of what had happened. I also watched the movie that was made princess kai'ulani in which it had sadden me for our people Iand for her it was emotional. I'm glad that president Clinton recognized us. But as so many years later Hawaii was already americanized. But we still have hope for some things. I wish that I was alive to witness what had happened because I would have wanted to make a difference for my people or do something. But thank you very much for writing this for people to know and learn. Aloha

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      Jessie Kapahua 2 years ago

      I thank you for sharing such a small piece of Hawaiian History with the rest of the world and to all who want to learn. This isn't widely discussed in school but not much of the Hawaiian people know some truth of what took place before the arrival of Cook.

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      You have been blessed to have been raised in the culture. We are Hawaiian no matter how far from home. Aloha pumehana, Stephanie

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      I, too, would like to see national and cultural freedom for kanaka maoli in my lifetime. I have always felt that if more people outside of Hawai'i understand the true history of Hawai'i, it can only help us. I'm not great at sign-waving or making political speeches, but I can write in a non-threatening way. Doing my part. Aloha mau loa, Stephanie

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      Godfrey Aukai Aiona 2 years ago

      My birth was in Honolulu and raised in South Bay Area, Palo Alto and Cupertino. We lacked nothing from our Hawaiian roots. Santa Clara, Hui ilima Club, my Parents, Ohana, and my Aunty Alesna Halau kept the Aloha spirit fresh and alive. I am proud of my Hawaiian culture because Ohana and my Christian ethics are very similar. Our Ohana shed blood for this country and now we have a President that is hell bent to destroy us, God before us who can be against us. We will see.

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      Kaulana 2 years ago

      Hawaii has always been an independent nation. No real annexation took place because there is no treaty.

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      Jerry Ferro 2 years ago from Hilo, Hawaii

      Mahalo Stephanie for this work. It is very supportive mana`o which I hope and pray causes others who become enlightened from it to stand with us to demand our sovereign, free nation without foreign and u.s. involvement. I am 3rd generation Aupuni who can remember my kupuna shaking their heads at the military presence of the u.s. in the 40ies. They taught me of the Hewa and instilled in my pu`uwai the desire for national and cultural freedom. Ho`omaika`i.

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      @Robert Levine: Thank you for correcting me and pointing out other instances of American imperialism in foreign countries. I have removed the errant sentence. Aloha, Stephanie

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      Robert Levine 2 years ago from Brookline, Massachusetts

      Hawaiian Scribe, I don't think it's accurate that Sanford Dole is the only American to serve as president of a foreign nation. Sam Houston was president of the Republic of Texas from 1836 until the U.S. annexed it in 1845, I believe, and the adventurer William Walker managed to seize control of Nicaragua for about a year in 1859 or 1860.

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      wray 2 years ago

      A'ole pilikia is not "you're welcome" a'ole isles "no" pilikia is trouble.

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      Butch 2 years ago

      I simply feel that this has merit and I hope and pray everyone involved has a like mind and are operating totally above board. I would love to see nothing better than the """awesome""" Hawaiians whom I have gotten to know here after 25 years here have their day in court so to speak. No matter which way it goes, we know such as the Native American Indians in the plains states were totally killed and removed from their lands in a huge """"strong arm takeover!'' My heart goes out to all the kanaka maoli and the most beautiful people -keiki as well as us kupuna-I have gotten to know on this planet that they can finally find true peace in their hearts and stay just as beautiful as I have gotten to know all of you. My sincerest best wishes to everyone in the Hawaiian Kingdom of Hawaii and I have gotten to know and be pals with so many including Mr. Kanahele who I truly and totally ADMIRE so very much. He is one fine and very awesome representative of Hawaii and he is such a true and total gentleman. My life has been so enriched by uniting with my beautiful Hawaiian Family and now I will admit we are truly and totally a HAWAIIAN OHANA (((FAMILY))). No one can separate us and we have all become blood brothers here in the most awesome way and I will never short change or want to see these fine and awesome and so upstanding people left hanging but only receive justice for their plight. God bless and Madam Pele I salute you for your total and awesome love for us and we have tried even as this wild and crazy HAOLE ((white man with no breath hahalol the literal translation) I have become closest to my brothers and sisters here of true Hawaiian Ancestry and like true family we can all fight like cats and dogs but hey we are BRUDDAHS who will never allow anyone from the outside take over. My sincerest and fondest peace and light and truest deep down LOVE to all my Hawaiian OHANA from all 8 islands in this magnificent chain of PARADISE. To ALL of my Hawaiian Family you have my undying support for justice and true PEACE. - Let's make sure we show LOVE first up front the same kind of totally """"UNCONDITIONAL LOVE""""'I received from my most awesome parents and that is in my new book AMERICAS FIRST FAMILY OF ADOPTIONS Piva's Portant People. This book will show you how and why I consider my Hawaiian FAMILY OHANA so super close to me since I have had the best with my beautiful parents and brother who adopted me as I have been adopted here in HAWAII. Love to all with deepest affection and my sincerest love and best aloha to all- with so much total UNCONDITIONAL LOVE for all of you RICKY PIVA -the new book is available on Kindle or in hard copy from AMAZON or direct from me yours truly the author - deep down affection and love Rick

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      NiaLee 2 years ago from BIG APPLE

      j carvalho thank you for your testimony, we learn a little more about the Queen and populations that were and are in Hawaii. I am very sad Hawaii and the Queen were treated this way. The revival of the Hawaiian culture is a priority.

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      j carvalho 2 years ago

      as a 4th generation Portuguese. hawaii born and raised. my great grand mother was a maid for the Queen when she was imprisoned. my grandmother would not tell us much but always would say the queen was very nice to them and was in such pain.

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      Palmer Walker 2 years ago

      Hawaiian Scribe...

      You have a new fan....Thank you.

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      Madeleine Desrochers 2 years ago

      I'm a great grandmother from Canada...I'm learning now to day of this side of your history... thanks to my niece and her family who are now living in Hawaii...never to old to learn...Madeleine Desrochers

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      Stephanie Launiu 2 years ago from Hawai'i

      The best archaeological evidence available today points to the first "Hawaiians" sailing to these islands from the Marquesas Islands. Samoans, Tongans and other South Pacific islanders didn't build canoes big enough or sturdy enough to sail very far from their islands. The Marquesas Islands are situated in a location far enough east that there is a major current from there to Hawai'i that could have been their highway here. This probably happened within a few centuries after 300 A.D. or so. @Vavega Sepetaio: Every culture and language is man-made. My husband (and children) are Samoan, and I love the culture. But Samoans are NOT the original Hawaiians.

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      Vavega Sepetaio 2 years ago

      They came from Samoa. Samoan's are the original Hawaiians. Sorry bruh it's true. Love Hawaii regardless. Unfortunately Hawaii is a man made culture and language.

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      anonymous 2 years ago

      @Don Boitano ; They originally came from the island of SAMOA, but unfortunately if asking Hawaiians MOST will tell you otherwise.

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      Don Boitano 2 years ago

      Brent can you tell me where did the Hawaiian. people originally. Came from?

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      Gaylene Elaban 2 years ago

      I am from Maui but living on the mainland.Came here to Georgia thru the military but stayed because the cost of living is a lot more affordable. I miss the beautiful islands and our 'ohana.It is a tragedy about what happened to the people of Hawaii however my personal opinion is if God allowed it who are we to challenge it? His ways are not our ways His thoughts are not our thoughts. He will make things right in His time and His way. It is a complicated issue I believe is best left to Him. Aloha Ke Akua