Exploring Northern Cyprus
Why Visit Northern Cyprus?
North Cyprus is officially called the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and is recognized only by Turkey. But, in spite of being largely disregarded by the international community, tourism in Northern Cyprus has steadily been growing in popularity since the turn of the century. Indeed many are so taken by this part of Cyprus that they return time and again. But why? What lies behind the allure of Northern Cyprus?
Located in the southeastern sector of the Mediterranean Sea, Cyprus benefits from a mild climate and retains warm temperatures for much of the year. This makes it a favored holiday destination for many northern Europeans, looking to escape the colder temperatures of their own countries.
The third-largest island in the Mediterranean, after Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus came about from the collision of two tectonic plates, which caused the uplift of the land from the sea. There is evidence of civilization on the island going back over 10,000 years, with plenty of interesting historical sites and artifacts to keep the most inquiring tourist happy.
Turkish Lira is the main currency in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Recently this has lost value against other currencies, making it a favorable time for foreigners to visit this part of the island. Tourism is less developed in the north and generally, hotel prices and other costs are cheaper than those in the Eurozone of the south.
Be aware that shops in tourist areas often price their goods in Euros. As a rule, it is cheaper to ask to pay in Turkish Lira.
How do you choose a holiday destination?
So why did we choose to visit northern Cyprus? There were two reasons. Firstly, we were searching for a holiday to a warm destination in November. Secondly, with Brexit imminent and the threat of potential disruption to travel within the European Union, we were looking for a place outside the EU. Northern Cyprus ticked both boxes and, as an added bonus, prices were very reasonable. In addition to this, we had taken a day trip from southern Cyprus the previous year, liked what we saw over the border and wanted to return to explore more.
Highlights of Northern Cyprus
Following a day trip and a 13-night stay in Northern Cyprus, here are seven places we would recommend to fellow travelers:
- St. Barnabas Monastery.
- Karpaz Peninsula.
Famagusta, or Gazimagusa, as it is known locally, is a fascinating city. It is one which we have visited several times and one which we could return to, as there is so much of interest to see here and it encapsulates a lot of Cyprus's history. Here are a few suggested sites to visit. If you call in as part of a day trip, aim to cover the first four plus a glimpse of the Ghost Town. This will whet your appetite to return.
St. Nicholas Cathedral, Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque (A)
This eye-catching structure is visible from several viewpoints around Famagusta and dominates the skyline. It owes its gothic architecture to the French Lusignan rulers of Cyprus and was built as St. Nicholas Cathedral 1298-1312. After being crowned as kings of Cyprus in Nicosia, the Lusignan monarchs came here to be crowned as kings of Jerusalem.
The Venetians took over Cyprus from the widow of the last Lusignan king in 1489. The cathedral's towers were damaged by earthquakes and also the bombardment of the Ottomans, who conquered Cyprus in 1571. The cathedral became the St. Sophia Mosque of Magusa. All references to Christianity were removed and a minaret was added to the northern tower.
In 1954 the cathedral was given its current name after Lala Mustafa Pasha, the Ottoman commander in 1570.
Entry is free to visitors, with the proviso that you remove your shoes at the entrance.
The Venetian Governor's Palace (B)
As you come out of Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque and look across to the west of Namik Kemal Square you will be struck by the sight of the three-arched entrance to what remains of the Venetian Governor's Palace (Palazzo del Proveditore). The site was formerly occupied by a 13th Century Gothic Lusignan palace and lived in by the kings of Cyprus until its destruction by earthquakes in 1369.
The Venetian palace was built in 1550 and used by the Venetian military governor. The three-arched entrance was modeled on the Roman triumphal archways and used Roman columns taken from Salamis. Most of the palace was destroyed by the Ottomans.
A car park is now by the back wall of the palace. In the courtyard, there are neat piles of cannonballs near cannons and a cafe serving freshly squeezed juices, coffee, and other drinks.
To the side, in a building dating from the Ottoman times, is the dungeon of Namik Kemal, a poet exiled by the Ottomans to Cyprus in 1873, after they took a dislike to his drama about the Siege of Silistria. He also lends his name to the square in front of the palace.
The Church of St. George of the Greeks (C)
Located southeast of St. Nicholas Cathedral and nearer to the sea, the Church of St. George of the Greeks dates from a similar time, around 1300. It was built by the Greek Orthodox community who lived in this part of the city and it served as their cathedral. Damage sustained by the cannon bombardment during the Ottoman siege of the city can still be seen. In its day it must have been an impressive structure and has left an atmospheric ruin. Look carefully to see the cannonballs.
The City Walls of Famagusta
The old part of Famagusta is surrounded by a well-preserved ring of defensive walls, interspersed with other fortifications. They were built by the Venetians in the 15th-16th Centuries. It was due to these walls that the occupants were able to withstand an 11-month siege in 1571, before being overrun by the Ottoman Empire. The walls are up to 15 meters high in places and 7.6 meters thick to withstand enemy cannonballs. There are great views back over Famagusta from many points on the City Walls.
Tips For Accessing the Walls
- If you are short of time, the Sea Gate (D) is the nearest point of access to the walls. Climb the steps here for a view back over Famagusta, along the walls, and over the port area.
- If you have time, pick up a map from Tourist Information by the Land Gate (E), in the southwest corner of the walls.
- We were recommended to walk along the ramparts to the north for the best views of Famagusta.
- Best views of the walls themselves are from the moat, which runs along the landward sides.
- Choose a time when it is cooler and the sun is lower for a lengthy wall walk, as temperatures can be high and the sun strong even in the Fall.
Othello Castle (F)
A 2-minute walk north, following the sea wall from the Sea Gate, takes you to Othello's Castle. The Lusignans built this citadel in the 14th Century to guard the harbor entrance. It was remodeled by the Venetians towards the end of the 15th Century. The upper floor was removed to match the height of the new city wall they were building, walls were widened and the corner towers were replaced with curved ones.
The Castle was renamed during the British Administration of Cyprus. Shakespeare's play, "Othello" refers to "a port in Cyprus" and it was thought that Othello was based on the Venetian Governor of Cyprus between 1505 and 1508, Lieutenant Cristoforo Moro. Whatever the truth, the name has stuck and the citadel is a tourist attraction.
For a small entrance fee, you can cross the moat area, enter the citadel and wander around the rectangular structure. Notice the winged lion of St. Mark over the main entrance. Walking through a tower, you will find yourself in a central courtyard area. You can access some rooms around here, which are in varying states of repair. There is an interesting exhibition in a vaulted room, describing the restoration of the castle, Take the steps up to the roof level, where you have views over the castle complex, port area, and back towards Famagusta.
Take care when walking around the upper level of the castle. Walls are very low in places and there are few safety barriers.
Obey the signs not to take photographs towards the port area, as this is a military area.
The Church of St. George of the Latins (G)
It is thought that this church was built towards the end of the 13th Century - early 14th Century, using material taken from the Salamis ruins. Parts of the northern and eastern wall remain, hinting at what the original must have looked like. Like many other tall buildings in Famagusta, the church was damaged during the Ottoman siege in 1570. Wealthy Genoese merchants are thought to have been the owners of this church. Often offset against a deep blue Cyprus sky, these ruins are interesting to view and very photogenic.
The Church of St. Francis of Assisi (H)
Visible from the courtyard of the Venetian Governor's Palace, this church was built by the Franciscan Order around the end of the 13th Century - the beginning of the 14th Century. The monastery which was built with it no longer exists. In 1601 building materials were taken from the church to build an adjoining hammam (Turkish bath) on the site of the monastery.
Many ruins in Famagusta are easily accessible. This does not mean that they are safe. Be aware of potential dangers and take care at all times.
Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Sinan Pasha Mosque (I)
Located south of the Venetian Palace and built in 1359, it is thought that this church was originally connected to the palace. It was similar in design to St. George of the Greeks from the same era. Flying buttresses support the walls because of their height. It appears that a further set of buttresses were later added in the 16th-century on the south side to support the walls further due to earthquakes.
Over the years the structure has had many uses, but it remains one of the best-preserved buildings in Famagusta. After the Ottoman conquest in 1571, it was made into Sinan Pasha Mosque, but the minaret that was added broke off centuries ago. It now goes to the roof level. The building has been used as a potato and grain store, a store for redundant council equipment, a petrol store, Famagusta's Town Hall and library and a cafe, bar and dance hall. It is now used as a meeting place and education center, rather than a working mosque.
Varosha, the Ghost Town
Cyprus has had a troubled history. As a trade-off for supporting Turkey against Russia, Britain took over control from the Ottomans in 1878 and formally annexed Cyprus in 1914. After a violent struggle, Cyprus gained its independence in 1960. For a while, Greek and Turkish Cypriots ruled the island in a joint administration, but in 1974 tensions between the two communities overspilled into violence. Versions of events that followed vary, depending on which side you listen to. The outcome was that the island became divided, with Turkish Cypriots living in the north and Greek Cypriots in the south. A Green Line, patrolled by United Nations troops, runs across Cyprus.
In 1974 Varosha, an area to the southeast of Famagusta, was a thriving resort, with many hotels along its sandy coastline and boasting A-list celebrities amongst its clientele. But, when the troubles came, the Greek Cypriots fled. Many expected to return, but the area has been left derelict and off-limits to the public. Varosha lies behind barriers topped with barbed wire and guarded by Turkish soldiers. Large signs clearly forbid photography.
It has now become a tourist attraction in its own right, as day trips from the south try to take coaches as near to the Ghost Town as they can for a brief glimpse of a place frozen in time. Such was our first brief glimpse.
More recently, staying a few miles north of Famagusta, we were able to explore a little more on our own. For the best views of the deserted beaches of Varosha, head for Palm Beach hotel (J). There are sunbeds on a top-quality sandy beach here, with clear sheltered waters for bathing, as long as you don't mind the deserted tower blocks of Varosha behind you. It certainly makes for an eery experience.
We also found that the combined hotel shuttle bus/ local bus to Iskele from Famagusta skirted a lot of the Ghost Town on its route after leaving Famagusta bus station. Glimpsing derelict buildings out of the window, you suddenly notice the barbed wire barriers and the familiar signs forbidding photography.
Even in November, daytime temperatures in Famagusta can reach 27C. So stops for a drink are highly recommended.
Here are a few of our favorites in Famagusta.
For anyone on a short visit to Famagusta, the first stop is usually St. Nicholas Cathedral, Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque. Ginkgo is conveniently located next to the mosque on Namik Kemal Square. There's an atmospheric dining area inside the old stone building, but most choose the shaded outside area on the square. We found it hard to resist the polite invitations of the Cameroon staff here. So much so, that we returned here for their friendly service 18 months after our first visit, to be served by the same waiter. If you're looking for friendly service and reasonable prices in a prime location, you can't go far wrong with Ginkgo.
Gazimagusa Beach Buffet
After walking from the walled city to the coast by Palm Beach Hotel we were grateful to find this beach bar serving cold drinks, meals, and snacks. As we were there, a tour group picked up their lunch to eat on the beach while looking at the Ghost Town nearby. Prices were very reasonable, especially given its great beachside location.
If you are heading out this way out of season, it might be a good idea to check opening times. Others, who went here the week after us, found the beach bar closed.
If you are looking for an atmospheric and traditional patisserie and brasserie, then Petek, conveniently located opposite the Sea Gate in Famagusta is the place to go. Unmissable with its rooftop red logo, Petek is in two sections. The cafe area, on two levels, has a shop adjacent to it. The ground floor dining area is arranged around an ornamental central fountain. A curved staircase, decorated with old photos, leads up to the upper level around a central fireplace. Weather permitting, doors are pulled open so that diners can sit out on the balconies, with plenty of shade available. This is the place to try a Turkish coffee and sample a cake. We also found that they do good tea.
Next door, the patisserie stocks an amazing array of cakes and sweet delicacies, including a wide range of Turkish delight. If you are really taken with Petek, be sure to pick up one of their leaflets, which gives details of their other locations in Northern Cyprus.
2. St. Barnabas Monastery
Barnabas, a Cypriot Jew, traveled with Paul on missionary journeys, as detailed in the Bible. Christian tradition holds that Barnabas was martyred at Salamis, Cyprus in 61AD by Jews who resented his success in preaching the Christian gospel. His body was privately buried. He is regarded as the founder of the Cypriot Orthodox Church and the patron saint of Cyprus.
Legend has it that, in 478, Barnabas appeared in a dream to the Archbishop of Constantia (Salamis, Cyprus), Anthemios, revealing that he was buried under a carob tree. The archbishop found the remains of Barnabas buried with a copy of St. Matthew's Gospel on his chest. Anthemios founded a church near the burial site and placed the remains here.
There has been a monastery on this site since the 5th Century. But the building that survives today dates from 1756. Until the division of Cyprus in 1974, Famagustans used to get their babies baptized here. Tourists visit to admire the icons and the frieze depicting the discovery of Barnabas's remains by Archbishop Anthemios, but it is now a museum, rather than a place used by Christians.
The cloisters house an archaeological museum with many artifacts discovered in the surrounding area. There is also a cafe in the pleasant courtyard area and a gift shop near the entrance.
There's a small charge for entering the monastery area. In addition, there is a further nominal charge for the toilets.
After visiting the monastery and museum, we were still none the wiser as to where the remains of Barnabas were located, until we noticed a path beyond the car park area, leading to a small chapel a short distance away. The original church has long since crumbled, but a mausoleum, dating from the 19th Century, has been built over the supposed tomb of Barnabas. It is free to enter. The interior is very plain with a few icons. Go down the steps into a cave-like level to find a shrouded coffin and more icons. It's a slightly eery experience, but one not to miss, when visiting the monastery.
We took a taxi there from our resort 9 kilometers away. A visit here combines well with one to the nearby ruins of Salamis.
A major historical site on the east coast of Cyprus, archaeological finds from Salamis date back to the Bronze Age. It is thought that the silting up of the harbor at Enkomi, led to the relocation of its inhabitants to Salamis, where a major trading post was developed. This former capital of Cyprus was occupied by Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians. But much of what visitors now see dates from the Roman period, when Salamis was developed as a cultural center. Beset by earthquakes, the city was repaired, remodeled and renamed Constantia after the emperor Constantius.
The silting up of the harbor prompted its inhabitants to move south to Famagusta. The city was plundered and it is not unusual to come across stones and columns from Salamis in other parts of Cyprus; an early form of recycling. Earthquake, tidal wave and Arab raids in the 7th Century took their toll and this once thriving metropolis was buried under the sand for hundreds of years.
Excavations on the site started in the late 19th Century for a period and were carried out again 1952-1974. Since the division of Cyprus, little has been done here. It is a major tourist attraction, with coach loads of visitors being deposited in the car park for brief guided tours around the most accessible parts, as a stop on a day trip. It is said that a full exploration of the extensive site would take 2 days. A snapshot visit can be achieved in 1-2 hours.
We arrived by taxi and after paying a small entrance charge, we made our way through the swimming pool to the columned courtyard of the gymnasium. From here we had our first sight of the Corinthian columns in a picture postcard setting. We moved on towards the amphitheater, which demanded a lot of imagination, as the remains have been overtaken largely by the undergrowth.
Some parts of Salamis have been well-preserved, such as the street and the theater, which, although not back up to its original height, has enough rows of seats to give visitors a feel for what the original was like. The signage is mixed.
Tips for a visit to Salamis
- Take care when visiting the site and wear sensible footwear. There is a lot of rough ground and little in the way of safety precautions or barriers.
- Take precautions in the sun. Apply a high factor sunscreen, wear a hat and carry bottled water. There is little shade at Salamis.
- Limit your visit if you are not part of a guided tour. It is impossible to see all the sites in one go. Be prepared to return.
- Stop for a drink on a terrace overlooking the beach at Bedi's, just outside the entrance to the north.
4. Karpaz Peninsula
The Karpaz Peninsula, the narrow strip of land which juts out towards the northwest, is also referred to as the 'panhandle' of Cyprus. The area is well worth a visit for its undeveloped, rural beauty and rugged coastline. Some tourists prefer to hire a car and explore the area at their own pace. Others, like us, opt for a day trip.
The first stop and rendezvous point on our trip was the fishing village of Bogaz, on the west coast. The local fishermen paid for and built the harbor, which they alone use. With several restaurants clustered near a fountain by the harbor, it makes for a pleasant stop and is described by some as the gateway to the Karpaz Peninsula.
Beware the Tourist Market
The disadvantage of being on an organized tour is that you have no control over where you stop. After an interesting drive onto the peninsula, accompanied by informative commentary, our coach pulled in alongside other tourist coaches at a market overlooking the north coast. Described as a coffee shop, with an opportunity to sample local products, such as olive oil, we found ourselves in a purpose-built tourist market. To be fair, there was an interesting variety of products from clothes, scarves, Turkish delight, olive oil, dried fruit and nuts to alcohol, as well as a cafe and freshly squeezed juice stall.
Alarm bells rang when we noticed the prices in Euros, a sure sign that this was not for locals. After seeing a familiar bottle of wine at nearly double what we would expect to pay in the UK, we viewed the prices of other products with suspicion and avoided making any purchases.
As we ventured further onto the Karpaz Peninsula, the quality of the roads deteriorated a little and it was with some relief that our coach pulled in to join others outside a restaurant, overlooking a small bay on the south coast. Our trip included a simple lunch of fish, chips, bread, salad, hummus, and tzatziki. The food was plain and this was mass catering, school dining room style on long tables under a shelter. Drinks were extra but reasonably priced. Grateful for a break, we took the opportunity to explore the small, rocky bay nearby.
Golden Sands Beach (B)
This 5 mile stretch of sand is never crowded, despite it being a highlight of any tour of the Karpaz Peninsula. In the summer turtles use it for nesting. We had hoped to spend time here on our tour, but a combination of cloudier weather threatening rain and the poor state of the steps down to the beach meant that we saw it from a viewpoint above. Even so, it was well worth a stop for the awesome sight.
We had to tear ourselves away from the view to take in another highlight of this trip. A few of the wild donkeys that roam the Karpaz had clustered around the fence and cattle grid beyond the viewpoint. Some of our party had brought apples for them and there were great photo opportunities both here and later on the trip.
I assumed the donkeys had been here traditionally for a long time, but their stay only dates back to 1974. After the division of Cyprus, many donkeys, formerly used in agriculture, roamed the north, so the Turkish authorities decided to corral them on the easternmost tip of the Karpaz Peninsula, where the wild habitat was suitable. They have now become a tourist attraction in their own right.
The wild donkeys have a notoriously bad temper, so treat them with respect.
Apostolos Andreas Monastery (C)
It is said that the Apostle Andrew stopped here when his ship hit the rocks en route to the Holy Land. Coming ashore with a ship's crew needing water, he struck a rock with his staff and a spring welled up. The water was thought to have sight-saving qualities when the ship's captain regained the sight in one eye after drinking it. The site, sometimes referred to as the 'Lourdes of Cyprus', became a place of pilgrimage and a monastery was built here.
The current church dates back to the 18th Century and the main buildings to the 19th Century. Once a thriving community with outbuildings for pilgrims, the monastery has been served by a volunteer group of priests and laymen. Since the easing of border restrictions in 2004, it has once again become a popular place of pilgrimage for Greek Cypriots, especially at weekends. A makeshift tourist market of stalls selling souvenirs and refreshments has grown up on the site.
Our guide was fortunate to spot the priest locking up for lunch. He kindly reopened the church, so that we were able to take a look inside at the whitewashed interior and the icons. An initiative led by the United Nations has carried out restoration on the site.
We were directed down some steps towards the sea to the spring. On our way, we passed a pile of empty plastic bottles priced at 1 Euro and larger containers at 2 Euros. The spring was not what we expected. It was an old tap in a wall, but some in our party were keen to check out its sight improving properties.
Others were more intent on tracking down the wild donkeys for photo opportunities before we headed further along the peninsula.
Sea Bird Beach (D)
For those in our party, disappointed at missing out on a swim from Golden Sands Beach, our guide promised that there would be another opportunity for a swim further along the peninsula. True to his word, our coach pulled up above Sea Bird Beach, a lovely sandy bay within sight of Apostolos Andreas monastery to the south and the flags at the end of Northern Cyprus to the northeast.
Even on a dull day, the light green and deep blue of the waters here were clear to see. There's a cafe overlooking the beach, but the beer here was the most expensive we came across in northern Cyprus. A few sun loungers were scattered along the beach and those who swam enjoyed the experience. The area definitely had a land's end feeling and for anyone wanting to escape the crowds, this is the place to be.
The final stop on our peninsula tour was at Dipkarpaz, a village located equidistant between the north and south coast. This village is unusual in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus for its Greek Cypriot community, which has remained here since 1974. The church of Ayios Synesios dates back to the 12th Century and its Greek priest is said to frequent the nearby Andreas' coffee shop to purchase his Greek coffee.
The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities continue to live side by side. Steps behind the church lead to the mosque. Our guide took us inside after we had left our shoes by the door and gave us a brief overview of the Muslim faith, pointing out items of interest, as he did so. It was an interesting end to a worthwhile trip. Our party rendezvoused with a smaller coach further along the road, while the larger coach headed back towards Kyrenia.
5. Bellapais Abbey
No trip up to the north coast and the area around Kyrenia is complete without a visit to Bellapais village and its beautiful abbey. Nestled on the north side of the Kyrenia mountain range, there are stunning views of the coast 4 miles to the north and the mountains to the south. True to its name, a corruption of Abbaye de la Pais, this is one of the most tranquil spots on the island, although this is a little hard to relate to when it is besieged by a throng of tourists.
Our visit was on the itinerary of a coach trip from the south of the island. The main focus was admission to the abbey, which dates back to the 13th Century. Apart from the church. most of the area is a Gothic ruin, used now for classical music concerts and exhibitions.
The abbey benefitted from a large legacy in 1246 from a knight called Roger the Norman, part of which was said to be a piece of the original cross. As a result of this, crowds flocked to see the relic, leaving generous donations and the abbey came under royal patronage.
Fortunes changed in 1373/74 when the Genoese overran the island and ransacked the abbey, taking the piece of the cross. The abbey fell into decline. This was accentuated when the Ottomans invaded, leaving the abbey derelict.
Eventually, the abbey church, which remains intact, was granted to the orthodox faith. It was used for worship until 1974 and now functions as a museum. Tourists are able to enter from the courtyard to view the iconostasis, partitioning the choir and altar from the main church. Our guide pointed out the high arms on the seats around the wall for the weary to prop themselves up on. as they endured standing for long periods during services, and the hinged seat that could be dropped down in case of extreme tiredness.
We were then free to explore the surrounding area, climbing up a level for stunning views over the abbey area and beyond. There were also food and drink outlets within the complex.
Once home to the author, Lawrence Durrell, the scenic village has changed little since he chronicled his life here in the 1950s. Our only regret was that we did not have time to explore the village more fully, as we boarded the coach to head on to our next stop, Kyrenia.
Kyrenia's ancient harbor with its castle is the view that many associate with Northern Cyprus. Understandably, its picture-postcard image is used to good effect by the tourism industry, which is mainly based in this area.
Halfway along the north coast and within easy reach of Turkey, it is thought there has been a settlement here since the 10th Century BC. The Byzantines fortified Kyrenia against Arab raids in the 7th Century and the Lusignians strengthened the castle so much that it withstood the siege when the Genoese overran Cyprus in 1373-1374.
The castle was further strengthened by the Venetians, but after hearing of the massacre in Nicosia, Kyrenia surrendered to the Ottomans in1570 without firing a shot. Kyrenia became a minor port under Ottoman rule and the population decreased until the British saw its potential as a place for recreation. It was developed slowly with the first hotel, the Dome Hotel opening in 1939. Since then the tourist potential of Kyrenia and the surrounding area has been further developed.
The old carob warehouses around the harbor have been renovated and turned into restaurants with tables lining the quayside, jostling for position with the many sellers of boat trips. When we visited in late April, the quaysides around the harbor were popular with visitors and the setting lived up to its picture-postcard image.
Our only regret is that we didn't have long enough to explore more of Kyrenia or Girne, as it is also known. It is on the list for a return trip and a possible base for a future holiday.
After several hours on a coach, time spent crossing the border and stops in Famagusta and Bellapais, we had pretty much decided that we were going to have a meal in Kyrenia. We were spoilt for choice around the harbor, where restaurant owners and waiters tendered for our business. We chose Set Balik Evi, a fish restaurant, with a first-floor open terrace overlooking the harbor.
We weren't disappointed with either the view or the food. Opting for a mezze at a set price for two, we enjoyed several starter dishes and mains of filo parcels, salad, hummus, feta cheese, tomato and cheese, tzatziki, grilled halloumi, fish dishes, sea bass, and meatballs, to name a few. Drinks were reasonably priced and Turkish coffee was complimentary.
By the end of the meal, it was almost time to rejoin our coach, but we felt the meal experience was time and money well spent and we would not hesitate to recommend Set Balik Evi.
Ever since our first visit to Cyprus, I had been intrigued by Nicosia, the last remaining divided capital in Europe. Stories of an airport frozen in time from 1974 and the green line denoting the buffer zone running across the island and through the city fascinated me. So, when we found our package holiday to Northern Cyprus included a free trip to Nicosia, I was pleased.
Stops Along the Way!
Further reading of reviews by other guests sounded alarm bells when they mentioned stopping at a jewelry store en route to Nicosia. Assured by the tour rep that there would be no hard sell and that it would be around 40 minutes, we decided to go ahead.
After picking up at another hotel, our coach headed towards Nicosia. Around 20 minutes later, we were surprised to pull off into a parking area in front of a store. This was our 'coffee stop' at a cafe and a tourist gift shop. A few minutes further down the road, we doubled back and headed to a warehouse area. When our coach parked alongside others outside the nondescript exterior of Bufavento, we guessed that this must be the jewelry shop.
The interior was plusher. We were shown into a room with a glass screen overlooking jewelers at work and with pictures of precious jewels on the wall, where we were given a talk by a representative of the company. The history of the company set up by Armenians was relatively interesting, but I wasn't too taken on his advice about tax evasion at the airport with any purchased jewelry. We were then shown into a large area of display cases full of jewelry, many attendants and nearby private rooms.
The words 'no hard sell' rang in our ears as attendants homed in on tourists, eager to secure sales. Drinks were offered and conversations were engaged in, as they looked for the smallest hint of an opening to prompt a sale. Some were lured into private sales rooms off the main area.
We had set ourselves a challenge to be the first ones out of the door. Eventually, our assigned sales assistant admitted defeat and indicated the door to us. As we exited with relief, we found ourselves in a silver display area followed by a shop selling souvenirs.
The downside of making a quick exit was that we had to find shelter from the baking sun while waiting for others in our party, as we watched the time we could have spent in Nicosia slipping away.
Did we win the challenge? No, a young couple beat us to it. Did any of our party purchase jewelry? Yes, a few did. That's what makes the trip worthwhile for those running it.
Eventually, after around 2 hours in an industrial site on the outskirts of Nicosia, we headed into the capital, a little wiser for the experience, but thankfully no poorer.
Nicosia, a Free Trip Worth Taking?
We left our hotel at 8.50 am and eventually parked in Nicosia at around 12.30 pm. Google maps suggest that the journey direct would take 55 minutes. On any organized trip, there's a lack of control over the itinerary, but even more so, when you haven't paid anything.
On the plus side, apart from the trip being free, we passed some interesting sights, like the recently built Hala Sultan mosque on the outskirts of Nicosia. The largest mosque in North Cyprus, it has room for 3,000 people and its opening was attended by the Turkish President, Recep Erdogan.
Would you take a free trip if it involved a sales talk?
A Walking Tour of North Nicosia
Kyrenia Gate (A)
Our coach parked up with others on the street near the Kyrenia Gate, where we could see the edge of the city walls around Nicosia or Lefkosa, as it is also known. The gate was built by the Venetians in 1567 and restored in 1821 by the Ottomans. In 1931 the British breached the walls either side of the gate to put a road through into the city. The gate now houses a tourist information post.
Mevlevi Tekke Museum (B)
On our route from the Kyrenia Gate towards the center of Nicosia, we passed the Mevlevi Tekke Museum but did not have time to explore further. Described as one of the most historical and religious buildings in Cyprus, the tekke dates from the 17th Century. Under the Ottomans, the dervishes, members of a Sufi religious order, lived in tekkes, which were similar to monasteries. The Mevlevi were whirling dervishes, with wild and ecstatic rituals. Mevlevi Tekke closed in 1954 and the Mevlevi order ceased two years later.
Inside there are exhibits of dervish life and tombs of the 16 sheiks of the order. For those interested in seeing a whirling dervish performance, these take place regularly for tourists, 50 meters north of Selimiye mosque. Our group was handed leaflets as we passed nearby.
Ataturk Square (C)
This is also known as Sarayonu Square, after a former Lusignan and Venetian palace, commonly called 'saray'. The complex was used as a governor's mansion and demolished by the British in 1901, due to safety concerns. This square was the administrative center of Cyprus for many years. The British colonial buildings are now used as law courts. In 1943, the renaming of the square as Ataturk Square after Mustafa Kamal Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, was welcomed by Turkish Cypriots.
A fountain, dating from the Ottoman period stands at the corner of the law courts.
The granite column in the square was moved by the Venetians from Salamis to Nicosia in 1489 and a lion of St. Mark was placed on the top. The Ottomans toppled the column in 1570 and it was left lying in the courtyard of a nearby mosque until the British re-erected it in 1915, while at war with the Ottomans. They replaced the lost lion with a copper globe.
Buyuk Han (D)
The literal translation of this historic building is 'Big Inn'. Originally built in 1572 by the Ottomans to house merchants, who traveled to Nicosia to sell their wares. The rooms on the upper level were for lodging, while those at ground level were shops, storage rooms, and offices. A small domed mosque is located in the middle of the courtyard. After years of restoration, this is now a thriving hub of arts and craft shops and cafes.
Selimiye Mosque (E)
Formerly known as St. Sophia's Cathedral, the foundation stone for this building was laid in 1209. Eventually, the still incomplete building was consecrated in 1326. The Lusignans were crowned as kings of Cyprus here. After damage inflicted by the Genoese in 1373 and the Mamelukes in 1426, the Lusignans carried out repairs. The treasure was taken from the cathedral when the Venetians came and earthquakes in 1491 and 1547 damaged it further. The last catholic mass took place here in 1570. After taking the city, the Ottomans set about transforming the Gothic cathedral into a mosque. All Christian features were stripped and two huge minarets were added. The two flags of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus now hang between these.
In the courtyard in front of the entrance, there's a shelter with water points for men to clean themselves before going into the mosque to pray.
Scarves are available as head coverings for ladies wishing to enter the mosque, although I found that a hoody can achieve the same result. Shoes should be removed to enter.
The mosque was renamed in 1954 after Sultan Selim II, who reigned at the time when the Ottomans captured Cyprus.
Mercado Municipal, Nicosia (F)
Our guided tour continued to Bandabulya, a large indoor market, where we were taken to a fruit and vegetable stall and shown carob, a product of North Cyprus. We were also taken to a shop selling Turkish delight and other sweet delicacies, with many products apparently on special offer.
Crossing the Green Line
If you want to head over the Ledra Street Crossing Point (G) into the southern part of Nicosia be sure to have your passport with you. It is also advisable to check the length of queues coming back over and allow plenty of time to rejoin your tour party for the return trip to your resort.
Should you choose to do so, this will be a self-guided tour. So it's best to do a little research first or you might find yourselves, like us, wondering around, stumbling upon interesting buildings, unsure of quite what they are. There is plenty to see in the south of Nicosia in the way of ancient buildings, but the most notable sight for us was the easy access to the Green Line. In the north, photography is banned, but we saw no such signs in the south of Nicosia.
Traveling to North Cyprus
The Turkish Republic of North Cyprus is only recognized as a country in its own right by Turkey. There are therefore no direct flights into North Cyprus from anywhere other than Turkey. We flew from Stansted UK, via Istanbul, where we had to transit through the terminal, before flying on to Ercan in North Cyprus. This was part of a package including our hotel near Famagusta.
For those who prefer a single flight, it is possible to take a direct flight to Larnaca in the south of the island and opt for a longer transfer from this airport over a border crossing into the north.
For the more adventurous and for those with a little more time, there are ferries that link Kyrenia with the Turkish mainland.
To say that our holiday in Northern Cyprus exceeded expectations would be an understatement. The cost was lower than we would normally expect to pay. The weather in November was much warmer than anticipated. Our accommodation at Long Beach Resort, a beachside location on the east coast, was a great success and deserves an article of its own.
I have highlighted the places of interest we have visited in Northern Cyprus. There are more we would like to see; the mountain castles of Buffavento, Kantara and St. Hilarion, the remains of Enkomi, the nearby royal tombs and the Guzelyurt area in the west. We would like to return to Kyrenia, Bellapais, and Nicosia to explore more. A return trip is very much on the cards for us and I commend Northern Cyprus to other travelers.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Liz Westwood