Giant Boab Trees of the Kimberley Region in Western Australia

A Giant Boab Tree
A Giant Boab Tree | Source

The Iconic Boab Tree

Giant boab trees (Adansonia gregorii) are found in the remote Kimberley region in the northern part of Western Australia. These trees are one of the oldest living things in Australia and in the rest of the world. Other names for the boab are baobab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. There are eight species of boabs in the world: one native species in Australia, another native species in Africa and the remaining six native species in Madagascar.

Some of the boab trees have been around for over 1500 years old. They grow rather slowly but can reach a height of over 15 metres. They have large and smooth, bulbous trunks with girths that measure up to 20 metres. Boabs grow in well-drained sandy soil. They do require plenty of water and sunshine in summer in order to bear fruits. The Australian Aboriginal people used the trees for shelter, and parts of the plant for food and medicine. When the Europeans arrived in Australia centuries ago, these early settlers used the boab trees as landmarks and prison cells.

Where is Kimberley?

A markerThe Kimberley, Western Australia -
Kimberley, WA, Australia
[get directions]

Uses of the Boab

Boab trees lose their leaves and become dormant in winter ie. during the dry season as they are deciduous trees. The leaves grow back in spring when the wet season arrives. Fragrant white flowers will start to appear by November. The flowers stay open for only a couple of days before they fall and oval-shaped boab fruits will start to form. The ripened boab fruits are covered with a layer of brownish fine hair. Beneath the brown fuzz is a dark brown boab nut that contains white pulp with kidney-shaped seeds. The pulp and seeds are edible. The leaves can be eaten fresh, or used in powder form as an ingredient or thickener for cooking. The aborigines used the leaves for medicine. Other parts of the tree, like the tap roots of young boab trees are also edible. The fibrous bark of the tree can used for fuel, dye and making ropes.

Boab Crafts

Aboriginal artists use the boab fruits for their artwork - for paintings and carvings. The boab fruits are harvested from the tree when they are dry, just before they fall. If the fruits fall to the ground, they are most likely to crack open and scatter the seeds everywhere. Like most indigenous artworks, one can find paintings and carvings of native animals and outback landscapes on the boab art pieces that are worn as ornaments or sold as souvenirs.

Boab Prison Tree in Derby
Boab Prison Tree in Derby | Source

Boab Prison

There are two famous boab prison trees, one near Derby on the west coast called Boab Prison Tree and the other one near Wyndham east of Kimberley called Hillgrove Lockup (also known as Wyndham Prison Tree). Both the boab trees are believed to be over 1500 years old and they have large hollow trunks that measure over 14 metres in circumferences. There is a door on the side of the tree where an opening had been cut into the tree. The Wyndham Prison Tree has a floor space of 100 square feet and is said to have accommodated up to thirty prisoners at a time. The boab prison cells were believed to be used as an overnight stop in the 1890s by the local police to lock up Aboriginal prisoners who were awaiting sentencing.

These iconic trees are of cultural significant to the indigenous people and have been fenced to prevent vandalism. The boab prison trees are now tourist attractions in the region and visitors can get a glimpse of the trees when they visit the Kimberley area.

Gija Jumulu, the Giant Boab Tree

Gija Jumulu is the Giant Boab Tree that was transported over 3200 kilometres from the Kimberley region to Kings Park in the city of Perth. When the Great Northern Highway was under construction, the 750-year-old Giant Boab Tree had to be relocated. The local Indigenous people (called the Gija) decided to give the giant tree as a gift to the Western Australian people. After a traditional farewell ceremony performed by the indigenous elders on 14 July 2008, the giant tree was allowed to leave Warmun in the Kimberley and it was on its way to the big city, a journey by road that took about six days. People came to cheer and see the Gija Jumulu as it travelled through the country towns on its journey to Perth. The 36-tonne tree was officially planted in Kings Park on 20 July 2008. It stands at 14 metres high and has a trunk of 2.5 metres in diameter. There are also 14 other smaller boab trees in the Kings Park area.

More information on Kings Parks and Perth at the following links:

Gija Jumulu flourishing in Kings Park in 2013.
Gija Jumulu flourishing in Kings Park in 2013. | Source
Bonsai Baob
Bonsai Baob | Source

Grow a Boab At Home

You can grow boabs from seeds. To germinate the seeds, they are required to be soaked overnight in hot water. Plant the seeds in well-drained potting mix in a pot. Keep the potting mix moist but not waterlogged. Leave the pot in a warm place with indirect sunlight. The seeds can take several months to germinate. When the seedlings appear, let them grow to a height of several inches with at least four to six leaves before transplanting them to individual pots. Boabs are popularly sold as bonsai plants in the nurseries. Boab seeds and plants are also available online from eBay and

© 2013 lady rain

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Comments 5 comments

kenneth avery profile image

kenneth avery 2 years ago from Hamilton, Alabama

Hi, Lady Rain,

I loved this hub. From top to bottom, excellent! Loved the lay-out, graphics, and overall presentation. I have loved trees since I was a small boy--somehow I felt then that they gave me security.

I voted up and all the way. Thanks for sharing your amazing writing talent. I live in Hamilton, Ala., a Mayberryish-like town two hours west of Birmingham. I have my roots in rural Alabama, but I have more than one tooth. Just so you will not be nervous about knowing someone from the south.

I would consider it a great honor if you checked out a few of my hubs, and then became one of my followers. I am going to leave you some mail now and follow you.

Much success and happiness to you.



lady rain profile image

lady rain 2 years ago from Australia Author

Kenneth, thank you for stopping by and taking the time to leave some lovely comments here. I don't know much about Alabama, but I think Forest Gump did mention he came from there :D :D Anyway, I hope to see you around on Hubpages. I'm pleased to know you like my article. I'll be checking out some of your hubs after this. Cheers.

kenneth avery profile image

kenneth avery 2 years ago from Hamilton, Alabama

Hey, lady rain . . .

You are most-welcome my new friend because my words to you were the truth. I meant every word. You keep up the great work and yes, we will cross keyboards one day soon.

Forrest did use a fictitious town of Greenbow, but we got mentioned.

The place I live is small and very nice. To use a reference. Are you familiar with the Andy Griffith Show and the town where he was sheriff, Mayberry, North Carolina?

It too is fictitious. It is Mt. Airy.

But life is life and some fantasy never hurts.

May you have lots of success with your writing in and out of HP.



lady rain profile image

lady rain 2 years ago from Australia Author

If you hadn't mentioned it, I won't even know the names of the towns were fictitious :) Yeah, I remember the Andy Griffith Show, it was all in black and white. Come to think of it, most of the shows on TV were American, and still are.

Kenneth Avery 2 years ago

Lady Rain,

Yes, that was the way of the Hollywood sitcom producers. They chose to use fake town names than have to pay the real town a fee for using their name.

Go figure.

'Peace and keep up the great hubbing.


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