After working as a chemist at a biotechnology company, I enjoy writing about science, travel, and gardening.
What Can You Do at Niagara Falls?
While the Canadian side of Niagara Falls offers the best view of the American (Bridal Veil) Falls and the Canadian Horseshoe Falls, the American side offers an amazing view over the precipice of the falls and the ability to walk alongside the raging Niagara River. Spectacular hiking, boating activities, and State Parks line the New York side of the river. Read on to discover a range of activities near the falls in New York.
Niagara Falls State Park
Niagara Falls State Park is the oldest state park in the United States. A visitor's center, discovery center, "Legends of Adventure" movie, and observation tower are located here. The observation tower rises up over both sets of falls to give visitor’s a birds-eye view for a nominal fee in the summer (the observation tower is free in the off-season). Maid of the Mist and Cave of the Winds are located within this park, as are Goat Island and a trolley to carry visitor's to the various sights. The Niagara Aquarium is located in close proximity to the State Park.
Goat Island received its name from a farmer who once kept animals on the island that splits the Niagara River into the Bridal Veil and Horseshoe falls. After a particularly harsh winter, only one goat survived – the island has been dubbed “Goat Island” ever since. Goat Island has several hiking paths and spectacular views of both falls. Cave of the Winds is located on Goat Island.
The hiking and bike paths on Goat Island have several “must see” locations. The most visited portion of the island is Terrapin Point, which juts out over the Horseshoe Falls. Visitors are able to watch the water rush past, inches away, and fall over the precipice.
Three Sisters Islands are another fantastic hike on the island. A series of footbridges leads guests to each of the three small islands in the Niagara River. If one looks downriver, the falls can be seen. It is an amazing feeling to stand next to the forceful river: do not enter the water, as several deaths have occurred as people are pulled away by the raging current. The Niagara River is not an ordinary stream – the current is exceedingly powerful.
Cave of the Winds
Frequently regarded as the best activity on the American side of the falls, Cave of the Winds is not to be missed. Visitors begin with an elevator ride 175 feet down into the gorge. Wooden decking provides access to the Hurricane Deck - a portion of the tour that is only open during the summer months. The Hurricane Deck is intense, with the full force and power of the American (Bridal Veil) Falls roaring past - rubber sandals and a rain poncho are provided with the cost of admission.
Niagara Power Authority
Nikola Tesla, along with George Westinghouse, built the world’s first hydro-electric plant in Niagara Falls. The original building, Adam’s Power Station, is a National Heritage site. A statue of Nikola Tesla graces the entrance to Niagara Falls State Park.
The Niagara River is still used to generate power for the state of New York – the Niagara Power Authority maintains a free, interactive visitor’s center. Exhibits include demonstrations of AC vs. DC power, resistors, and alternative energy sources. Viewing platforms are available outside the building and several hands-on exhibits help visitors learn about the generation of electricity.
This museum is entirely free to enter and visitors print out a photo name tag (also free) to keep as a souvenir. This museum also features a 4-D moving theater at no extra cost. This is a highly recommended activity in the area.
Whirlpool State Park and Devil's Hole State Park
Several hiking trails, a playground, and a spectacular view of the Niagara whirlpool are features of this state park. The water is very blue and this park is an excellent spot for a picnic – it is generally off the beaten path and visitors can watch jet boats take on the rapids from the overlooks. Trails lead down to the water from the state park, but be aware that the trails are very steep and may not be appropriate for young children or those who require the use of a wheelchair.
Devil’s Hole is located on the rapids downstream from Whirlpool State Park. Fishermen love this park, as the rapids offer excellent fishing. It is possible to hike from the whirlpool to Devil’s Hole. Hikes to the water require physical fitness, as the hike involves a long, steep set of stairs.
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Maid of the Mist
The famous Maid of the Mist boats depart from both sides of the falls. This is an excellent way for visitors on the American side to get a good, frontal view of the Horseshoe Falls. Passengers on the boats will get soaked from the mist generated by the falls, and ponchos are provided.
Jet Boat Tours
Another activity available on both sides of the falls, the jet boats give a heart-pounding ride into the Niagara Whirlpool. All jet boat rides take place downstream from the falls, and class 6 rapids prevent the boats from going upstream. Children as young as four (or 40") may ride on the "Jet Dome" boats, though the open jet boats require a height of 44". Our family took a ride on the enclosed boat through Niagara Jet Adventures out of Youngstown, NY. Our younger son was eight years old and he absolutely loved the ride. There is a platform on the back of the boat for those who would like to have the full experience of getting soaked by the rapids. The tour lasts approximately one hour and is highly recommended for families with children ages four and up.
Aquarium of Niagara
The aquarium in Niagara Falls, NY is small, but a fun side trip. There are seals, sea lions, penguins, and other fishes inside the aquarium. Nighttime sleepovers are available and may offer a fun experience for families with young children. Sea lion shows are scheduled daily.
Old Fort Niagara
Located on Lake Ontario, Fort Niagara has the oldest buildings in the Great Lakes region. Visitors are able to learn about the struggle between the United States, France, and Britain to control the Great Lakes. First established by France, the fort passed into British control in 1759, and then into the hands of the Americans in 1796. An admission fee applies to adults and older children, but kids under the age of six are free. Events including Civil War re-enactments and an encampment of the French and Indian War occur throughout the summer months: check the official website for details.
Rainbow Air, located on Main Street in Niagara Falls, offers helicopter rides over the world-famous falls. Basic tours and aerial weddings are performed, and while the cost is high for this sort of adventure, the memories will last a lifetime. The company does not perform tours in January or February due to the harsh winters in Western NY. Flights in November, December, March, and April are available on weekends only. Flights occur daily in the summer months.
Underground Railroad Heritage Tour
The Freedom Seekers tour run by Motherland Connextions is a unique way to visit Niagara Falls. The tour departs from Niagara Falls, NY or Lewiston, NY and includes a guide in period dress. Guests are led on a tour of the most important heritage sites on the Underground Railroad, and the conductors (guides) provide a rich educational background to the Niagara Falls area.
Questions & Answers
Question: Is there a place to visit that makes blown glass at Niagara Falls?
Answer: There are several glass blowing studios on the Canadian side of the falls. As of 2019, there is not a local place to make blown glass on the US side. The closest location to the falls (in the USA) would be More Fire Glass Studio in Rochester, NY (approximately 1.5 hours from the Buffalo region). If you have a little more time, the Corning Museum of Glass in Corning, NY is an amazing place to visit to create original works of art in glass! Corning is 2 hours and 40 minutes from Niagara Falls.
Question: How much for a helicopter tour at Niagara Falls?
Answer: In 2019, the cost of a helicopter tour of Niagara Falls is just over $200 per person.
Question: What are the hours of all of these exhibits at Niagra falls?
Answer: As the hours of the exhibits vary dramatically by season on the US side of the falls, it is wise to check directly with the website directly associated with each attraction. Some buildings may close or have reduced hours in the offseason.
Question: Is there a boat tour available for the New York Side of Niagara falls?
Answer: There are several boat tours available on the NY side of Niagara Falls. Maid of the Mist, jet boat tours, and many others operate out of the United States.