Riding Elephants in Ayutthaya, Thailand

Updated on March 2, 2018
Anne Harrison profile image

Riding my first elephant, I discovered these gentle creatures definitely have the right of way! This was the perfect way to view an ancient

A distant wat in Ayutthaya, Thailand (c) A. Harrison
A distant wat in Ayutthaya, Thailand (c) A. Harrison | Source

The Ethics Surrounding Captive Elephants

The ethics surrounding captive elephants in Thailand are complex. Many are indeed treated cruelly. Of the less than 5,000 native elephants in Thailand, over 4,000 are in captivity. With the use of elephants for logging banned since the late 1980s, mahouts (elephant handlers) have become increasingly dependent upon the tourist dollar to earn enough money to feed themselves and their animals.

The tour offering the elephant ride we took had been chosen by our cruise line, who exclusively uses a single group of handlers to ensure the elephants are well cared for. To my (inexpert) eye the animals looked healthy, had a good supply of water, and did only short rides with regular breaks. And, in addition to the treats we were allowed to give them, there was a supply of food to keep them going during the day.

The grounds of Ayutthaya (c) A. Harrison
The grounds of Ayutthaya (c) A. Harrison

Riding an Elephant

After we climbed a small platform, our elephant walked alongside, and some-what awkwardly we shimmied into a brightly coloured seat, complete with decorated canopy. Images from the Days of the Raj leapt to mind.

As I watched the other elephants I saw the colourful seats on their back sway with every step, yet our ride felt smooth and effortless. The heat and humidity of the day were no longer a problem.

In contrast to my scramblings, the barefoot mahouts mount their beasts in a jiffy. After the elephant delicately raises a foot, the mahout uses this as a step and in but a moment sits cross-legged on the animal’s neck, turning round to chat and point out the highlights as our elephant tiptoed her way along the streets.

View over our Mahout (c) A. Harrison
View over our Mahout (c) A. Harrison

Reaching Ayutthaya

Some seventy kilometres north of Bangkok, Ayutthaya was founded around 1350, becoming the capitol of the Siam Kingdom. An island seated at the confluence of three rivers, it quickly became a major trading port, and by the 16th century had grown to be one of the largest, and wealthiest, cities in the Orient. The court of King Narai (1656-88) developed strong links with the court of Louis XIV, whose ambassadors compared the size and wealth of the city to Paris – some estimate that by 1700 Ayutthaya was the largest city in the world, with over one million inhabitants.

Dutch and French reports of the 18th century portray a grand city, with large palaces and flotillas of trading vessels from all over the world. In 1767, however, the Burmese invaded, and the city was almost entirely destroyed. The abandoned city became overgrown by the jungle, and restoration work didn’t begin until the 1950s.

Patient Buddhas, Ayutthaya (c) A. Harrison
Patient Buddhas, Ayutthaya (c) A. Harrison | Source

Ayutthaya: A Forgotten Temple City

Under the tropical sun, riding atop an elephant is a perfect way to view the remaining palaces and temples. (Now a UNESCO World Heritage site, the ruins cover some 290 hectares.) In many ways it is much like wandering the Roman Forum, with many places to visit, and the sense of past greatness is palpable. Lavish architecture crumbles into the grass, yet the world has moved on, and a vibrant town has grown around the ruins. Indeed, one giant prang (or reliquary tower) serves as a roundabout.

The most famous wat (or temple) in Ayutthaya is Wat Phra Mahathat. Thoroughly ransacked by the Burmese, all that remains are numerous stone prangs, many defying gravity with their drunken angles. Here is the famous Buddha In A Tree – a serene face looks out from between the embracing roots of a bodhi tree. The space is considered holy by the Thai, and one is expected to kneel when taking a photo. To the back of the large complex sit a row of headless Buddha’s, patiently meditating as the grass creeps over them.

Bangkok’s famous Golden Buddha probably came from Ayutthaya. Ten feet long and weighing five and a half tons, this solid gold statue was at some time covered in stucco and coloured glass, probably to conceal its value form the invading Burmese. When it was taken from Ayutthaya is unknown, and not until it was being moved from a disused temple in 1955 was the stucco damaged and the gold underneath revealed for all to see.

Ayutthaya's famous Buddha in a Tree
Ayutthaya's famous Buddha in a Tree

The Ruins of Ayutthaya

Other sites to see in Ayutthaya include the Wat Chai Wattanaram, a replica of Angkor Wat built by King Prasat Thing in 1630. It symbolises Mount Meru, the abode of the heavenly gods. Largely intact, it gives a hint of how the old capital must once have looked. The main river runs beside this temple complex. We looked onto one of old palace compounds – Ayutthaya once boasted three palaces. Beautiful stairs, covered with lanterns, lead down to the water’s edge. It is easy to imaging the river covered with barges, small fishing boats and large trading ships.

If wandering Ayutthaya by foot or bike, it’s best to remember elephants have right of way. Motorbikes are happy to contest this, scooting almost between the animals’ legs in an endless battle to overtake all cars and other bikes. A group of wizened old ladies sat in the middle of the footpath, selling various beads and cold drinks. Our elephant stepped right around them, the women not even bothering to glance up from their gossiping. Next our elephant tip-toed through a tiny gap between a parked car and a fence, when she could’ve easily have crushed the car underfoot. Next our elephant stuck its trunk through the back of school bus, to the endless delight and squeals of the kids inside.

The overgrown ruins of Ayutthaya (c) A.Harrison
The overgrown ruins of Ayutthaya (c) A.Harrison

What to Wear When Riding an Elephant?

And what to wear? A hat and sunscreen are always essential in the tropics, plus comfortable shoes. Most importantly of all, a small hand-held fan (bought at any stall) gives an elegant solution to the heat and humidity.

When she rode an elephant in Jaipur, Jackie Kennedy radiated elegance in her silk shift with matching handbag and gloves. Perhaps I should have worn fawn or pale olive hat with an enormous brim, perhaps, tied around my chin with a flowing scarf of white silk – but such outfits are difficult to pack. Unlike Jackie Kennedy, I never managed to master the art of matching gloves and handbag.

I did discover, however, that elephants love cucumbers. While waiting in line we bought a small bucket-full. As each elephant had a break from tourist duty, she’d trundle over (for all the elephants were female) to enjoy a drink and a cooling hose-down by her mahout. Then she’d come to the waiting tourists looking for cucumbers – there was no point in trying to hide them. She’d take the offerings delicately from our hands, more than happy to let us pat her. A word from their handler, and the elephants returned to carrying tourists around Ayutthaya.

Questions & Answers

    © 2013 Anne Harrison


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      • profile image

        Imogen Hibberd 

        6 months ago

        I am really disappointed to see that you promote riding the elephants in Ayutthaya. This is not an activity that should be promoted or encouraged. Elephants are not to be ridden by tourists.

        I notice you mention that they are "treated well". This may be what it seems like on the surface, but to get to a point where they are able to be around tourists, elephants are toutured and beaten to have their "spirits broken" to ensure they are obedient. Their backs are not strong enough to hold the wooden structures that tourists sit on. Constant pressure and weight on their backs like this can break them! The strongest part of an elephant is it's neck and that should be the only place weight should be put.

        In this day and age it is well-known that this is not a moral or ethical activity to partake in and should not be promoted.

        I urge that you take this off your site or make it clear and transparent that this isn't a good thing to do.

        In Cambodia they have now banned elephant rides in Angkor Wat for ethical reasons. I hope Thailand follows soon, but it starts with companies like yourself stepping up and making a stand.

        I suggest you have a look at @charlies_wanderings on Instagram, she has a highlight called "Be Ethical" that explains what happens to elephants to make it safe for them to be in the tourist trade and how they are treated behind-the-scenes.

        As someone who appears on the first page of Google when searching for "elephant riding on Ayutthaya" you have a responsibility to educate tourists who are considering doing this.

        Please do the right thing.

        Elephants are not for our entertainment.

      • profile image

        jackie foster 

        2 years ago


      • Jonn Christie 90 profile image

        Jonn Ross Christie 

        6 years ago from Australia

        Yes i think an elephant would only attack in self deference or in the mating season hahaha well i wont be going to Thailand as we may get killed by the traffic they must be crazy people jay walking in front of traffic while cars are passing that would be an experience in itself my pleasure Anne it is always great to read them

      • Anne Harrison profile imageAUTHOR

        Anne Harrison 

        6 years ago from Australia

        Elephants are very gentle creatures - I was more frightened of the crazy motorbike riders! I don't think there are any road rules in Thailand, and not every one gives way to an elephant, despite their size. Thanks for finding my hub, Jonn

      • Jonn Christie 90 profile image

        Jonn Ross Christie 

        6 years ago from Australia

        Wow what an amazing experience to ride an elephant to be in the presence of an animal that is big enough to kill you must have been frightening has hell. The looks so magical when did you go?


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