100 Must-See Historical Places and Monuments in India

Updated on April 3, 2020
Kumar Paral profile image

Kumar Paral is a writer, a culture enthusiast, and a bibliophile.

India's Top 100 Must-See Historical Monuments of All Time

The Taj Mahal, on the bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, was built as a tomb by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife.
The Taj Mahal, on the bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, was built as a tomb by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife. | Source

India's recorded history began in the cradle of Indus Valley (Harappa) around the 5th millennium BC. Many rulers and kingdoms have risen and fallen on the Indian subcontinent, some as small as a few square kilometers to a few which were as large as the whole present country. These kings and emperors constructed a number of architectural wonders in their times, to mark of their prominence, satisfy their creative impulses, and or honor their ancestors. Many monuments have been destroyed, but many important buildings remain. Here are the top 100.

Wonders of Indian History

Agra Fort

The diwan-i-am, or hall of public audience, in the Agra Fort in the city of Agra, just 2.5 km from the Taj Mahal.
The diwan-i-am, or hall of public audience, in the Agra Fort in the city of Agra, just 2.5 km from the Taj Mahal. | Source

1. Agra Fort This famous red fort is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh. The semicircular fort is 4km in diameter and was built in 1565 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar.

Ajanta Caves

2. Ajanta Caves The Ajanta caves are 29 cut-rock cave monuments made by Buddhist monks in the 2nd century BCE. They are located in Maharashtra in India's Aurangabad district.

3. Akbar's Tomb Located near Agra in Sikandra, Akbar's tomb is surrounded by high walls at the center of a magnificent garden.

4. Amarnath One of the most important pilgrimage centers for Hindus, Amarnath is located in the valley of the Himalayas and is famous for its huge cave, which rises up 150 feet high and 90 feet across.

5. Bahai Temple Bahai is a religion established by Mirsa Hussein Ali in the 19th century. The Baha'i temple was built in 1989 at Nehru Place in Delhi.

6. Basilica of Bom Jesus Goa is a major center for churches and chapels and is often called Rome of the East. The Basilica of Bom Jesus at Old Goa was built by the Jesuits in 1605.

7. Bhubaneswar A city of the 3rd century, Bhubaneswar is the capital of Orissa. About 500 temples were built there between the 6th and 16th centuries.

8. Charminar Situated in Hyderabad, Andra Pradesh, the Charminar was built by Mohammed Quli Shahi,the sultan of Golconda, in 1591.

9. Church of Lady of Ransom In the 19th century, the Roman Catholics built the St.Thomas Church at Kanyakumari ,Tamil Nadu. The church was later rebuilt and named Lady of Ransom.

10. Ellora Caves The Ellora caves are found in Maharashtra in the Aurangabad district. There are 34 rock-cut cave temples built by the Chalukyas between the 3rd and 9th centuries.

Historic Sites in India

Fathepur Sikri

The royal hall of private audience built by emperor Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri.
The royal hall of private audience built by emperor Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri. | Source

11. Fathepur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri is a magnificent city in Uttar Pradesh. It was found in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar.

12. Gandhi Memorial This spot on the banks of the Yamuna River, at Raj Ghat in Delhi, is where Mahathma Gandhi was cremated in 1948. It is marked with a simple square platform of black marble.

13. Gateway Of India This great landmark, at Mumabi Port in Maharastra, is an archway built to honor Great Britain's King George V and Queen Mary upon their visit to India in 1911.

14. Golgumbaz The Golgumbaz, at Bijapur, Karnatka, is the mausoleum of Mohamed Adil Shah, King of Bijapur.

15. Golconda Fort Golconda Fort was the capital city of Qutb Shahi dynasty, 8 km west of Hyderabad, Andra Pradesh.

Golden Temple, or Hari Mandir

16. Golden Temple The Golden Temple, or Hari Mandir, is located in Amritsar, the largest city in Punjab. The temple was built on an island in Amrit Sarovar .

17. Gometeswara The famous Jain pilgrimage center is located at the top of Vindhyagiri hills in Sravanabelagola, Karnataka, 3,000 feet above sea level.

18. Gwalior Fort In the fifteenth century, Raja Mansingh built the Gwalior Fort at Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. It was constructed out of sandstone on a basalt hill.

19. Haridwar This site lies in the Valley of the Sivalik Hills, on the banks of the Ganges River.

20. Hawa Mahal The Hawa Mahal is at Jaipur, the capital of Rajastan. Hawa Mahal means "the palace of the wind." It was built by King Sawai Prathap Singh in 1799.

Tughlaqabad Fort

Established in the 1300s, Tughlaqabad Fort is now a series of ruins spread over six kilometers.
Established in the 1300s, Tughlaqabad Fort is now a series of ruins spread over six kilometers. | Source

21. Tughlaqabad Fort Located in Delhi, this fort lies in ruins across six kilometers.

22. Qutub Minar in Delhi is the second-highest tower in India, rising 73 meters.

23. Purana Quila is the oldest fort in Delhi.

24. Lodhi Gardens in Delhi is a sprawling garden containing several important ancient tombs.

25. Jama Masjid in Delhi is India's largest Mosque.

26. Humayun's Tomb in Delhi is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun.

27. Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperor of India for nearly 200 years. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums.

28. Amaravathi is a Bhuddhist site in the Guntur District.

29. Nagarjuna Konda is a Bhuddhist site.

30. Mangalagiri is a Bhuddhist site near Vijaywada City.

31. Ghantasala is a Bhuddhist site in the Krishna District.

32. Nelakondapalli is another Bhuddhist Site in the Krishna District.

33. Dhulikatta is a Bhuddhist site in the Karim Nagar District.

34. Lingapalem is a Bhuddhist site in the West Godavari District.

35. Mattanchery Palace is located in Ernakulam, Kerala .

36. Kushinagar is a Buddhist pilgrimage site.

37. Makka Masjid is located in Hyderabad City.

38. Amaravathi is a Bhuddhist site located in the Guntur District.

39. Chunar is a 6th century fort constructed by Chandragupta Vikramaditya.

40. Mangalagiri is Bhuddhist site near Vijaywada.

Takht Sri Patna Sahib

41. Takht Sri Patna Sahib is one of the most famous Sikh pilgrimage sites in India.

42. Darbhanga is among the oldest cities in Bihar.

43. Mahabodhi Temple is a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

44. Barabar Caves are the oldest caves in India.

45. Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library is the oldest library in India.

46. Mangueshi Temple is one of the largest and most frequently visited temples in Goa.

47. Kurukshetra is the site of the Kurukshetra War of the Mahabharata. The Bhagavad Gita was preached there during the war when Lord Krishna found Arjuna in a dilemma.

48. Jyotisar is where Krishna delivered the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna to prepare him to face stronger and greater warriors.

49. Thanesar is an important Hindu pilgrimage center on the banks of the Saraswati Ghaggar River.

50. Pehowa is a sacred place for Hindus.

51. Panchkula

52. The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a mountain railway and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

53. Dharamshala is the home of the Dalai Lama in India..

54. Vaishno Devi is a holy Hindu shrine.

55. Badami was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas from 540 to 757 AD.

56. Aihole is a village with a historic temple complex located 510 km from Bangalore.

57. Pattadakal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site on the left bank of the Malaprabha River in Bagalkot.

58. Mahakuta is a group of temples is located in Mahakuta, a village in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka state. It is an important place of worship for Hindus and the location of a well-known Shaiva monastery.


The Virupaksha, or Pampapathi temple, is the main center of worship for pilgrims to Hampi.
The Virupaksha, or Pampapathi temple, is the main center of worship for pilgrims to Hampi. | Source

61. Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage site and was one of the largest and richest cities in the world during its prime. Around 1500 AD Hampi had about 500,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in the world after Peking-Beijing.

62. Lakshmeshwar is home to several important temples, including the Shiva "Someshwara Temple."

63. Mysore was the capital of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1399-1947. In its center is opulent Mysore Palace, which blends Hindu, Islamic, Gothic, and Rajput styles.

64. Sringeri is a hill town located in Chikkamagaluru district in the South Indian state of Karnataka.

65. Banavasi is an ancient temple town in Uttara Kannada District in the South Indian state of Karnataka.

66. Belur is renowned for its Chennakeshava Temple, one of the finest examples of Hoysala workmanship.

67. Bijapur is the district headquarters of Bijapur District of Karnataka state and the headquarters for Bijapur Taluka.

68. Bidar is a hill-top city situated on the deccan plateau, in the north-eastern part of Karnataka state.

69. Gulbarga is the administrative headquarters of the Kalaburagi District.

70. Raichur is located between Krishna and Tungabhadra rivers.

71. Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a Hindu temple located in Dakshineswar near Kolkata. Situated on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the presiding deity of the temple is Bhavatarini.

72. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India. It is important both historically and as an archaeological site.

73. Jaunpur is an historical city founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq.

74. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a UNESCO World Heritage site and historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India that serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.

Elephanta Caves

75. Ancient Elephanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage site and series of caves on an island, reachable by boat.

76. Konark Sun Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site believed to have been built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty around AD 1250.

77. Jagnath Temple at Puri is a famous, sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath.

78. The Leaning Temple of Huma is the only leaning temple in the world.

79. Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are Buddhist sites in Orissa.

80. Lalitagiri and Ratnagiri are Buddhist sites in Orissa.

81. Jodhpur A fortress-city at the edge of the Thar Desert, Jodhpur is famous for its blue homes and architecture.

82. Udaipur Known as the "Venice" of India.

83. Jaisalmer Famous for its golden fortress.

84. Barmer Barmer and surrounding areas offer a perfect picture of typical Rajasthani villages.

85. Bikaner is famous for its medieval history as a trade route outpost.

86. Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan.

87. Pushkar is home to one of the very first Brahma temples in the world.

88. Keoladeo National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

89. Nathdwara This town, near Udaipur, hosts the famous temple of Shrinathji.

90. Rumtek Monastery

Nilgiri Mountain Railway

91. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

92. Brihadeeswarar Temple is home to a great Hindu Temple.

93. Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple - A great Hindu Temple is situated here.

94. The Valley of Flowers is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

95. Nanda Devi National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

96. Badrinath is one of the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples.

97. Kedarnath another of the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples.

98. Gangotri another of the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples.

99. Yamunotri another of the four most sacred and revered Hindu temples.

100. Gorakhpur was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain, and Sikh saints.

Indian History Quiz

view quiz statistics

Share Your Opinion

Have you visited any of Indian historical monuments ?

See results

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2013 Kumar Paral


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      21 months ago from Tirupati (Rural)

      Your Article is Nice. Thank you for sharing the information. We are also provide temple information once you can visit our web site tripnetra.com and give me suggestions

    • profile image


      4 years ago


    • profile image


      4 years ago

      Really nice collection

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      great article

    • swalia profile image

      Shaloo Walia 

      4 years ago from India

      Nice list...informative hub!

    • sagardeshmukh21 profile image

      Sagar Deshmukh 

      4 years ago from Navi Mumbai, India

      Wow!!!!! This is nice collection of historical places. Great info..... I live in Maharashtra. So, I am visited only Ajantha caves. You have shared such a good and useful information.

    • profile image

      Javed alam 

      4 years ago

      very good knowladge

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      Where is tirupati and thousand pillars temple

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      very very bad information

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      i didnt get it right

    • profile image

      KRISHNA. Ch. 

      4 years ago

      Very good information about our country, add information of Thirumala and thirupathi where located in chithore, Andhra Pradesh.

    • profile image

      karan Banna Indian army 

      4 years ago

      Humare Desh ke gaurav he ye

    • profile image


      4 years ago


    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I'm proud of myself to be a citizen of India

    • profile image

      Anshu Singh 

      5 years ago

      India is great

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I thrilled

    • profile image

      jas sumal 

      5 years ago

      Thanx for providing me information for my project it is very amazing and beautiful one of the most beautiful and awsome place is THE GOLDEN TEMPLE

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Thanx for providing me information I needed it for my project

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Very nice

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Every nice&good impermation

    • profile image

      Mukhtiar singh 

      5 years ago

      I thanks for this visit good information.

    • profile image

      Manoj Lokhande 

      5 years ago

      Amazing world of Historical India.

    • profile image

      Ankit Kaushal 

      5 years ago from B-27, Second Floor, Dayanand Colony Lajpat Nagar, Part 4 New Delhi, India, 110024

      If anyone plan to tour in India so please see Beautiful Tajmahal, Khajuraho Temple, Akshardham Temple, Jaipur Pink City, Kerala Backwaters, Rajasthan Forts. Thanks Kumar Paral for share this informative hub.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      thanks for giving information for our activity

    • profile image

      Ali hashir 

      5 years ago


    • profile image

      deepti auti 

      5 years ago


    • profile image


      5 years ago


    • profile image

      asdfg ;lkjh 

      5 years ago

      every monument is wonderful.

    • profile image


      5 years ago


    • profile image


      5 years ago

      taj mahal is the wonder full.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      super great for collecting

    • profile image


      5 years ago


    • profile image


      5 years ago

      excellent.i saw some places on it.but now i want see all the places.thanku so much.

    • profile image

      blue eyes 

      5 years ago


    • profile image


      5 years ago


    • profile image

      Michael sudama 

      5 years ago

      It good for me

    • profile image


      6 years ago


    • profile image

      sushma patil 

      6 years ago


    • profile image


      6 years ago


    • profile image


      6 years ago


    • profile image


      6 years ago

      fab just love it awesome

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      you are the coolest of all

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      i truly loved it. it was needed for my test. thank you

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      got a lot to learn

    • profile image


      6 years ago


    • profile image


      6 years ago

      thanq for d info

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      its just awesome..............

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      6 years ago from India

      Very beautiful hub.

      Good information

      Voted up and shared


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, wanderwisdom.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)