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Brace! Brace! Brace! Emergency Landing Positions

John writes about topics related to business, organizational behavior, and consumer science. He holds an MBA from Indiana Tech.

Brace! Brace! Brace!

Brace Position

Brace Position

Brace! Brace! Brace!

These are the words you never want to hear while flying on a commercial aircraft. Yet knowing what to do should you ever receive this command could very well save your life.

And so I have a serious question for you?

Do you know the brace position for emergency landings?

This article will explore the likely phraseology that you will likely hear during an emergency landing situation while onboard a commercial aircraft.

Let me say here that the chances of you being involved in an air emergency are fairly remote.

And in case you were wondering, the odds of you dying in a plane crash are currently estimated to be around 11 million to one, according to published reports.

That statistic however only speaks to the chances of a fatality.

Taking part in an emergency landing, however, is completely different. According to the FAA, these types of incidents occur around 150 times per year.

Sure, the odds suggest it will probably never happen to you but I am here to say that it could. Why do I say this?

Because it happened to me.

Takeoff DC9

Takeoff DC9

Night Flight Airplane View

Night Flight Airplane View

Emergency Landing

In the early 1990s, I was on a DC-9 passenger jet flying from Chicago to St. Louis (ORD – STL) with my final destination being Los Angeles. A change of aircraft was to take place in St. Louis, where I was to transfer to a 727.

This was an evening flight in the autumn of that year.

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I was seated in the midsection of the aircraft in an aisle seat in an emergency exit row. Next to me in the window seat was an airline pilot who was commuting down to St. Louis to work. Both of us were flying on what is commonly referred to as a “pass” in the industry (aka non-rev).

To give you a little more background, the DC-9 has a seating configuration of 2 seats on the left and three seats on the right in coach. First-class has a seating configuration of 2 seats on each side.

Anyway …

The pilot and I had started chatting after we took off from Chicago and we were making a bunch of small talk—pretty much for nearly the entire flight down to St. Louis. The time went by so fast that before I knew it, we were beginning our descent into Lambert Field. It is a short flight that is 45 minutes to an hour usually.

The flight crew started to do their thing, meaning picking up garbage and walking the aisle. Before we knew it, the announcement was made to place our seats in the upright position and to make sure our tray tables were stowed away.

"Almost there", said the pilot sitting next to me as began to descend. We continued to chat and tell some jokes.

DC-9 Interior. 2 on left, 3 on right

DC-9 Interior. 2 on left, 3 on right

Underbelly of an Aircraft (This is an Airbus A320)

Underbelly of an Aircraft (This is an Airbus A320)

Ker-Clunk! No Landing Gear

Once the flight crew had come through the cabin to make sure all of us were buckled in and prepared for landing, the captain of our aircraft began to make his final approach to the airport. The engines began to rev up a bit, the way they normally do just before landing.

It was then we began to hear something freaky.

Ker-Clunk, Ker-Clunk, Ker-Clunk!

I knew the captain of our flight was trying to lower the landing gear and seemed to be having a tough time at it. The commuting pilot sitting next to me (a 727 pilot) leaned gently towards me and whispered in my ear, “These old DC-9s sometimes have problems with the wheel dropping from the wheel well.” He then gave me an reassuring wink. At that point, he didn't seem all that bothered.

A flight attendant did another walk-by, her face looking somewhat serious and her lips pressed tightly together. "Are you buckled in?"

She then walked away.

Once again, we heard the captain trying to lower the gear and there it was again ...

Ker-Clunk, Ker-Clunk, Ker-Clunk!

It still had not dropped. By this point, the aircraft was now completely silent, except for the soft whistle of air passing over the fuselage and the distinctive whine of the DC-9’s twin turbines. There was no chit-chat and nobody was smiling. Everyone knew something was up. I can’t describe this kind of silence except to say it speaks to the deepest part of your soul.

We began to gain altitude, which I assume is because the captain of our flight decided to abandon our approach.

While I can’t be sure, I think we were at about 12-15 thousand feet by the time he leveled off. That’s when we began to fly in a circular pattern. He made an announcement that essentially confirmed what all of us already knew—something was happening with the landing gear.

DC9 Flight Deck

DC9 Flight Deck

Wheels Dropped. Or Did They?

After what seemed like forever, the aircraft stopped doing the circle thing and began to gradually descend again.

Then suddenly, we heard the tell-tale sounds of the gear coming down:

Whoooosh! Plop!

Clapping immediately broke out throughout the cabin. The relief, however, would be premature.

Our captain once again came on the PA and advised us in a very calm voice, “Ladies and gentlemen, we think the landing gear is down but we want to make sure. We are going to do a quick flyby of the air tower for a visual inspection. Please standby for more information.”

After doing a fairly close pass by of the tower, the Captain came back onto the PA and said,

Thanks folks. The tower has given us a visual on all of the landing gear but we are not sure about the nose gear. They see it but they are not sure if it is completely down. We are going to land anyway because of our fuel situation. The flight attendants will be giving you instructions. Everything is going to be fine. You will likely see emergency vehicles greeting our aircraft. Please do not be alarmed because this is standard protocol.”

I knew from working in the airline industry that we were then going into planned emergency mode. A red light went on close to the front galley, which I knew was an indication that the pilot wanted to talk to Flight Services Manager (FSM). I saw her pick up the phone, write some things down and hang up.

The pilot next to me then looked at me and said, "Son, get ready for some fun." He was half-serious.

Planned vs. Unplanned Emergency

Before I continue sharing the rest of this story, it is important that you keep in mind that there are basically two types of emergencies in aviation.

The first is a planned emergency, like the one I am sharing with you here. In a planned emergency, the flight crew has time to “plan” for issues that may arise, like the one we were dealing with.

The second kind of emergency is unplanned, meaning that something suddenly happens that is unexpected, leaving little to no time to prepare. An example might be landing and skidding off the runway.

Planned vs. Unplanned Emergency


Crew has time to prepare passengers

Crew has no time to prepare passengers

Passengers have time to prepare

Passengers have no time to prepare

Airport personnel has no time to prepare

Airport personnel have no time to prepare

Brace Options

Option #1:

  • Place feet flat on floor
  • Heads down by lap
  • Arms under knees

Option #2:

  • Place feet on floor
  • Cross writs and place on seatback in front
  • Rest foreheads on crossed hands

Directions to Passengers

The FSM then got onto the PA and shared that we had approximately 10 – 15 minutes until our emergency landing. She went over all of the various exits in the aircraft. She then advised us to make sure all sharp objects were put away or in a sickness bag (i.e. keys, pens).

Brace instructions

We were then told to place our feet flat on the floor, place our heads face down in our lap, and our arms under our knees.

If for whatever reason we were unable to assume this position, we were told we could cross our wrists and place them on the seatback in front of us and rest our foreheads on our hands.

The flight attendant told us that once we get close to landing, the captain would announce over the PA the following:

Brace, Brace, Brace!

That would be our cue to assume the brace position and get ourselves ready for a potentially difficult landing.

Brace Position

I want to be clear here and say that there are many different ways to assume the brace position. Many countries have their own procedure, which is almost always dictated by that nation’s governmental aviation agency.

In the United States, the Federal Aviation Administration is charged with passenger safety and thus, the form and stance of the brace position on passenger aircraft.

As I mentioned before, we were told to assume one of two positions:

  1. Head down and hug your knees
  2. Cradle head on the seat in front

I provided some illustrations so that you can see these examples. I have also posted a video of a real-life emergency landing with similar commands being shouted out by the flight crew.

Brace Positions

Brace Positions

DC9 Landing

DC9 Landing

DC9 Landing Cockpit View

DC9 Landing Cockpit View

Our Landing

About a minute before we touched down, the captain of the flight came on the PA system and in a very calm, monotone voice said firmly but loudly

Brace – Brace – Brace

The flight attendants then began to chant all at once:

Heads Down – Stay Down! Heads Down – Stay Down! Heads Down – Stay Down!

They continued this chant as we felt the back wheels touchdown on the runway. We held our breath waiting for the front wheel to touch down (the Captain came in very slowly and very deliberately).

Moments later, we felt the front wheel gently grab the tarmac. The flight attendants continued shouting the commands however until our aircraft came to a complete stop, just off the runway. We were then told we could all sit up.

When I looked out the window, I could see emergency vehicles all over the place. The pilot who was sitting next to me looked at me, grinned and said, “Now you have something to tell your buddies”.

I must admit that I chuckled, partly out of a sense of relief and partly because the joke was kind of ridiculous.

They decided to bring air-stairs to our aircraft for us to deplane. I am not sure why but I suspect this was done out of an abundance of caution.

Somehow, I was able to make my next flight to California. The planned emergency apparently had backed up traffic at the airport, causing all flights to be delayed.

Emergency Landing Final Thoughts

I recognize that some might think what appears here to be “dramatic” or silly. I am here to say that knowing your brace position could truly save your life. I want to add that it really is important to listen to the flight crew when you get on a plane.

Read those safety information cards. Know where exits are located! The statistics show us that people who listen to the flight crew and follow directions stand a better chance of survival, should the unthinkable happen.

Above all, remember that the flight attendants onboard your aircraft are not just there to serve you food and alcohol. Their primary mission is to keep you safe should something happen.

Thanks so much for stopping by.

Safe travels!

- PS I worked in passenger sales at the time. I was not flight crew.

Brace Position

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