Advantages and Disadvantages of Living Outside of the United States
Living Outside the United States
For much of my life, I have lived outside of the United States. When I joined the Navy in 1967, I started to see the world, beginning with a 15-month tour on both Taiwan and Japan. I also lived in Taiwan on my own for almost all of the 1970s, and for one year in the 80s when I was employed by the U.S. federal government. During the period of 2003 to 2007, I lived in Thailand working for the government, and since 2007, I have been living again in Thailand as an expat retiree.
Although there are many advantages to living outside of the United States under the umbrella of government support, there are also disadvantages when you elect to do it on your own. This article lists some of the advantages and disadvantages of living outside of the United States.
Advantages of Living Outside the United States
From being able to save more money to enjoying a higher standard of living, there are numerous advantages to living outside of the United States. I experienced these advantages first while in the Navy, and then by living overseas as a government employee. In the 1970s, there were also advantages to living on my own in Taiwan, and most recently I have been enjoying the advantages of living the retired life in Thailand.
Advantages of Life Outside the United States With Military or Government Support
For 15 months during the late 60s and into 1970, the United States sent me to Taiwan and Japan for active duty assignments. While there as a single enlisted man, I was quartered in free barracks. Married servicemen and their dependents stayed in apartments paid for by the Navy. All meals were free of charge in the mess hall, and married servicemen were given a food allowance for themselves and their dependents.
There were also other service benefits such as free air travel to and from duty station, and for scheduled R&R's outside of hardship duty stations in war zones. Medical and dental care were paid for, and dependent children were given free education in international or American schools abroad.
While living in Taiwan and in Thailand as a government employee, benefits were similar and even better than what I had while in the Navy. On Taiwan, I was given a spacious three bedroom villa which included a den, living room with fireplace, dining room, kitchen, and even servant quarters. In Thailand, I stayed in a huge two bedroom downtown apartment with a spacious kitchen, living and dining room, den, and also servant quarters.
Medical clinic services were free, and once again there were free international or American schools for children. Air transportation to and from duty stations was paid for as were yearly trips back to the United States or to an R&R destination of your choice. The government even paid to ship household goods and my car from the States to Thailand and back when my tour was over.
Advantages of Living Outside the U.S. on Your Own
Even if Uncle Sam isn't paying the bill, there are many advantages to living outside the United States on your own. Some of the advantages which I have been experiencing include:
1. Lower Cost of Living
Food, housing, and transportation is at least half as expensive in Thailand as in the U.S. The situation was also similar in Taiwan during the 1970s.
2. Warmer Climate
Having spent so many years in the cold climate of Wisconsin, I really appreciate the much warmer climate of Thailand where the temperature never falls below 50 degrees Fahrenheit in my locality in northeastern Thailand.
3. Less Expensive Medical and Dental Care
Medical and dental care at top-notch international hospitals in Thailand is at least one-half of what you pay in the United States.
4. Easier Getting Teaching Jobs
After retiring from my federal job in 2007, I was easily able to get employment teaching EFL and ESL in Thailand. I didn't need a Masters Degree or teacher's certification to secure a position which paid me about $2,000 monthly. While in Taiwan during the 70s, I had my own very profitable home English teaching business.
Disadvantages of Living Outside the U.S. on Your Own
Although there are a great number of advantages to living outside of the United States, there are some disadvantages, especially if you are older and not very flexible. I have noticed these disadvantages first in Taiwan in the 1970s, and now while living in Thailand.
1. Can't use Medicare or VA Medical Benefits Outside of the U.S.
Just recently I have learned that I may not use my Medicare or VA medical benefits anywhere outside of the United States. Fortunately, I am covered by the private medical insurance which I had when I retired from government work.
2. Loss of Freedom of Speech
It is a fact that many countries don't give you the same First Amendment rights which people have in the States. When I lived in Taiwan in the 70s, Taiwan was under martial law. In Thailand today there are three "nos" for the people: no criticism of the government; no criticism of the monarchy; and no criticism of Buddhism.
3. Always Being Treated as a Foreigner
When I lived in Taiwan in the 1970s, I was usually called a foreigner or "long-nosed person" before being called by my name. In Thailand today, I am usually called a "farang' which is here used for white Westerner. As a foreigner, I have to apply yearly for a retirement visa and report my address to immigration every 90 days.
4. Physical Separation from Family and Friends
If you don't want to be away from your relatives and friends for a long period of time, it wouldn't be a good idea to live outside the United States. Communication by way of Skype isn't the same as being together with loved ones.
5. Non-Celebration of Traditional U.S. Holidays
Since Thailand is not a Christian country, traditional religious holidays such as Christmas and Easter are not celebrated. There are no Thanksgiving, Memorial Day, or Fourth of July celebrations if you assimilate into Thai society and are away from fellow expats.
6. Language and Cultural Barriers
Language and cultural barriers are two of the biggest disadvantages of living in a non-English speaking country. For example, if you can not understand or speak the Thai language and don't know Thai customs, you probably would not enjoy living in Thailand.
7. Being at the Mercy of Immigration
In addition to reporting my address to Thai Immigration every 90 days, I must notify them if I change my address. As a recipient of a retirement visa, I must show evidence that I have at least $25,000 in a Thai bank every year. Immigration laws are often changing and perhaps I will need more money in the future. If you don't have money in a Thai bank, it is not possible to live in Thailand on a long-term basis.
There are other disadvantages like corruption in society. I have listed what most expats probably consider the chief disadvantages of living outside of the United States.
The best way to live outside of the United States is under the umbrella of military or government support. If you go on your own, make sure you can speak and read some of the languages and understand the customs of your new home country. There can be a lot of advantages to living in a foreign country if you are flexible and willing to take chances. Having a spouse from your new home country also can help very much.
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© 2016 Paul Richard Kuehn